Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Mechanical Properties and Size Effects of Self-Organized Film

[+] Author and Article Information
Victoria E. Burlakova

Department of Chemistry,
Don State Technical University,
Gagarina Square, 1, 344000 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
e-mail: vburlakova@donstu.ru

Alexander I. Tyurin

Nanocenter “Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials”,
G.R. Derzhavin Tambov State University,
Internatcionalnaya Street, 33, 392000 Tambov, Russian Federation
e-mail: tyurin@tsu.tmb.ru

Ekaterina G. Drogan

Department of Chemistry,
Research and Education Center “Materials”,
Don State Technical University,
Gagarina Square, 1, 344000 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
e-mail: ekaterina.drogan@gmail.com

Evgeniy V. Sadyrin

Research and Education Center “Materials”,
Don State Technical University,
Gagarina Square, 1, 344000 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
e-mail: rainesquall@icloud.com

Tatyana S. Pirozhkova

Nanocenter “Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials”,
G.R. Derzhavin Tambov State University,
Internatcionalnaya Street, 33, 392000 Tambov, Russian Federation
e-mail: t-s-pir@ya.ru

Anastasiya A. Novikova

Department of Chemistry,
Research and Education Center “Materials”,
Don State Technical University,
Gagarina Square, 1, 344000 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
e-mail: anastasianovik@mail.ru

Maria A. Belikova

Department of Chemistry,
Don State Technical University,
Gagarina Square, 1, 344000 Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
e-mail: belikova.maria@yandex.ru

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received October 15, 2018; final manuscript received January 26, 2019; published online March 4, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Yi Zhu.

J. Tribol 141(5), 051601 (Mar 04, 2019) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1431; doi: 10.1115/1.4042678 History: Received October 15, 2018; Accepted January 26, 2019

In our research, we have focused on the estimation of tribological and mechanical characteristics of self-organized copper film, formed through a friction of brass-steel pair in aqueous solutions of carbolic acid. We have found out that self-organized copper film formed through a friction interaction of pair brass-steel is nanostructural. The data obtained through the indentation of self-organized copper films indicated size effect. With an increasing load and contact area of interacting bodies, the coefficient of friction first drops sharply with an increasing normal load and then begins to grow. We have found out that the adhesion component of friction contributes to the friction coefficient at small loads. We have shown that the hardness of self-organized copper films formed at friction in aqueous solutions of acids increases upon shifting from acetic to caproic acid.

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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

X-ray diffraction of friction surface of the steel sample: 1—before the friction and after tribological tests in aqueous solutions of acids: 2—formic; 3—acetic; 4—propionic; 5—butyric; 6—valerian; and 7—caproic. *Cu (111), [99-101-3035], ×Fe2O3 (121), [99-100-3163], Fe [99-100-7450].

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The results of optical profilometry of self-organized copper film, obtained on the steel surface during friction in the system “brass—aqueous solution of caproic acid—steel”: (a) two-dimensional image of the friction surface and (b)—profile of surface scanning

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Typical diagrams of dependence of indentation depth h from the applied load FN during nanoindentation of self-organized copper films obtained on the steel surface during friction in aqueous acid solutions: (a) caproic, (b) valeric, (c) butyric, and (d) propionic

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The results of nanoindentation of steel substrates before friction, copper, and self-organized films on the steel substrates obtained during friction in the system “brass—aqueous acid solution—steel.” The results are shown after an averaging of the data.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The dependences (a) hardness (H) and (b) Young's modulus (E) from the indentation depth (hC) (shown in linear coordinates) when indenting a self-organized copper film obtained in an aqueous solution of valeric acid on the surface of steel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Dependence of the coefficient of friction k of the self-organized copper film obtained in the aqueous solution of (a) valeric and (b) caproic acids in nano- and microscale from the value of the normal load FN

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Dependence of the coefficient of friction k on load FN during scratch testing of a self-organized copper film formed during friction of the brass-steel pair in the aqueous solution of an acid: (a) valeric and (b) caproic



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