Wear Behavior of Laser Surface-Hardened Gray and Ductile Cast Irons: Part 1—Sliding Wear

[+] Author and Article Information
P. A. Molian

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011

Mark Baldwin

Iowa Laser Technology Inc., Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613

J. Tribol 108(3), 326-333 (Jul 01, 1986) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3261187 History: Received July 26, 1985; Online October 29, 2009


The influence of laser surface transformation hardening on the sliding wear characteristics and mechanisms of ASTM class-40 gray and 80-55-06 ductile cast irons was investigated. A 1.2 kw, continuous wave, CO2 gas laser was employed to scan the beam successively across the surfaces of cast irons to generate hardened and tempered layers with various case depths. A pin-on-disk wear test system was then used to study the wear behavior as functions of case depth, microstructure, hardness, and surface roughness. As expected, a dramatic improvement in resistance to scuffing and sliding wear was obtained. However, the most significant result was the occurrence of negligible oxidational wear for a load range that increased with an increase in case depth. Resistance to mild and severe wear, mild-to-severe wear transition load, and frictional heating were increased with an increase in case depth. Analysis of worn surfaces and wear debris revealed that negligible oxidational wear in laser-hardened irons is due to two mechanisms: oxidation and adhesion of oxide to the substrate. In contrast, the mild oxidational wear of untreated irons occurs through the formation of loose oxide debris. The mechanisms of severe wear were plastic deformation, delamination, and adhesion; the rate process was controlled by adhesion for laser hardened irons and delamination for untreated irons.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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