Thermal Non-Newtonian Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of Rolling Line Contacts

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Salehizadeh, N. Saka

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Tribol 113(3), 481-491 (Jul 01, 1991) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2920649 History: Received January 05, 1990; Revised September 01, 1990; Online June 05, 2008


The two-dimensional thermal elastohydrodynamic equations were numerically solved for a Ree-Eyring type lubricant under pure rolling conditions. Profiles of lubricant pressure, film thickness, and temperature were obtained for medium to heavy loads and moderate to high rolling speeds. The pressure results generally show a small secondary peak near the outlet, but at the highest load considered no pressure spike is obtained and the pressure profile is almost Hertzian. The film thickness results show an increase in minimum film thickness with increasing rolling speeds, but at a lesser rate than those predicted for a Newtonian fluid under isothermal conditions. It is found that unless the lubricant becomes non-Newtonian in the inlet region, the reduction in minimum film thickness at high rolling speeds is completely due to thermal effect. The lubricant temperature profile and the amount of heat generated and dissipated in the contact region were also calculated. The lubricant temperature reaches a maximum just before the entrance to the Hertz contact region. Both shear and compression heating are found to be important in raising the lubricant temperature in the inlet. As the lubricant enters the Hertz contact zone, the temperature first drops rapidly, because of the rapid heat conduction to the rollers, and then remains almost constant for most of the Hertz contact. Near the exit where the pressure gradients are large, the lubricant temperature drops rapidly below the ambient because of lubricant expansion. The lubricant then heats up rapidly before leaving the contact area as a result of heat generated by shear stresses.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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