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RESEARCH PAPERS

A Transient Thermohydrodynamic Analysis Including Mass Conserving Cavitation for Dynamically Loaded Journal Bearings

[+] Author and Article Information
Rohit S. Paranjpe

Engine Research Department, GM R&D Center, Engine Research Department, Bldg. 1-6, Warren, MI 48090-9055

Taeyoung Han

Engineering Mechanics Department, GM R&D Center, Engine Research Department, Bldg. 1-6, Warren, MI 48090-9055

J. Tribol 117(3), 369-378 (Jul 01, 1995) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831261 History: Received January 31, 1994; Revised July 12, 1994; Online January 24, 2008

Abstract

A comprehensive transient thermohydrodynamic analysis for dynamically loaded journal bearings such as engine crankshaft bearings has been developed. A key element in this analysis is consideration of different time scales for the oil film, journal and bushing. Another important element of this analysis is consideration of moving grids in the oil film. Mass conserving cavitation is included via the Elrod cavitation algorithm. The 3-D energy equation is solved without any simplification in the oil film or the bushing. The journal is treated as a lumped thermal element. We found that the time scales for thermal transients in the oil film are of the same order as the period of the dynamic loading (one engine cycle for a crankshaft bearing); consequently, thermal transients in the oil film were considered. However, the time scales for thermal transients in the journal and bushing are several orders of magnitude greater than those for the oil film. Consequently, these elements were treated as if they were in quasi-steady state over one loading cycle. Results from this analysis are presented for an engine crankshaft main bearing under sinusoidal loading. Oil film temperatures are found to vary considerably over time and space.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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