Dynamic Characteristics of Hard Disk Drive Spindle Motors—Comparison Between Ball Bearings and Hydrodynamic Bearings

[+] Author and Article Information
C.-P. Roger Ku

Conner Peripherals, Motor Development Department, 2720 Orchard Parkway, MS 3311, San Jose, CA 95134

J. Tribol 118(2), 402-406 (Apr 01, 1996) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831316 History: Received January 26, 1995; Revised May 31, 1995; Online January 24, 2008


Recently, many computer hard disk drive companies and spindle motor manufacturers have been looking for a substitute for ball bearings to continue making dramatic progress in increasing the capacity of data storage systems. In this paper, the frequency-forced responses of hard disk drive spindle motors supported by both ball bearings and liquid-lubricated spiral groove hearings (SGBs) were studied experimentally. It is found that both shaft rigidity and disk flexibility have great effects on the natural frequency of the spindle motor conical (rocking) mode. The high damping capacity of the SGB is able to suppress the vibration amplitudes of both motor rocking mode and the flexible disk modes. But at a very low frequency range, the SGB motors displayed a large amplitude in the axial direction vibration test. With an adequate bearing design, the SGB motors have proven their superior dynamic characteristics.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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