Roughness Effects on the Dynamic Coefficients of Ultra-Thin Gas Film in Magnetic Recording

[+] Author and Article Information
Wang-Long Li, Cheng-I Weng

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan 70101

Chi-Chuan Hwang

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chung Yuan University, Chung Li, Taiwan 32023

J. Tribol 118(4), 774-782 (Oct 01, 1996) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2831608 History: Received June 17, 1994; Revised August 26, 1995; Online January 24, 2008


The stiffness and damping coefficients of a slider gas bearing operating under arbitrary Knudsen number are calculated. A perfect gas is used as the lubricant, and its behavior is described by the modified average Reynolds equation proposed by Makino et al. (1993). The effects of molecular mean free-path on the roughness-induced flow factors are included. The effects of the nondimensional film thickness, Hs0 , the surface characteristics, (γ1 , γ2 ). the inverse Knudsen number, D0 , the nondimensional frequency, Ω, and the modified bearing number, Λb , on the dynamic coefficients are discussed in this paper. As expected, the values of dynamic coefficients for various roughness orientations approach the smooth value as the ratio, Hs0 , becomes greater and greater, and thus the roughness effect is getting smaller and smaller. The air film of two-sided longitudinal oriented roughness is stiffer than the other two-sided oriented cases. The effect on translational damping coefficients for various two-sided oriented roughnesses is reversed as D0 greater than some value, and this value is affected significantly by Λb . Transversely rough stationary case has the lowest critical value of Λb , at which the negative translational damping appears. The results show that the roughness effect and rarefaction effect on dynamic coefficients are significant, and they cannot be ignored for stability analysis.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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