Three-Dimensional Flow and Pressure Patterns in a Hydrostatic Journal Bearing Pocket

[+] Author and Article Information
M. J. Braun, M. B. Dzodzo

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325

J. Tribol 119(4), 711-719 (Oct 01, 1997) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2833875 History: Received June 30, 1995; Revised February 13, 1996; Online January 24, 2008


The laminar flow in a hydrostatic pocket is described by a mathematical model that uses the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations written in terms of the primary variables, u, v, w, and p. Using a conservative formulation, a finite volume multiblock method is applied through a collocated, body fitted grid. The flow is simulated in a shallow pocket with a depth/length ratio of 0.02. The flow structures obtained and described by the authors in their previous two dimensional models are made visible in their three dimensional aspect for both the Couette, and the jet dominated flows. It has been found that both flow regimes formed central and secondary vortical cells with three dimensional corkscrew-like structures that lead the fluid on an outward bound path in the axial direction of the pocket. In the Couette dominated flow the position of the central vortical cell center is at the exit region of the capillary restrictor feedline, while in the jet dominated flow a flattened central vortical cell is formed in the downstream part of the pocket. It has also been determined that a fluid turn around zone occupies all the upstream space between the floor of the pocket and the runner, thus preventing any flow exit through the upstream exit of the pocket. The corresponding pressure distribution under the shaft for both flow regimes is presented as well. It was clearly established that both for the Couette, and the jet dominated cases the pressure varies significantly in the pocket in the circumferential direction, while its variation is less pronounced axially.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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