Kinetic Meniscus Model for Prediction of Rest Stiction

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Bhushan, C. A. Kotwal, S. K. Chilamakuri

Computer Microtribology and Contamination Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1107

J. Tribol 120(1), 42-50 (Jan 01, 1998) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2834185 History: Received August 24, 1995; Revised February 07, 1997; Online January 24, 2008


The time dependence of static friction is an important aspect of tribological studies whereby the static friction increases with an increase in the time of stationary contact (rest static friction or rest stiction). This effect is commonly observed in computer disk drives especially at high humidities, in which the static friction increases rapidly with an increase in rest time between some head slider and the disk surfaces. For the first time, a comprehensive kinetic meniscus model is proposed to explain this phenomenon, both for a single asperity and multiple asperity contacts at a liquid mediated interface. It is found that the static friction increases up to a certain equilibrium time with a power law relationship after which it remains constant. The equilibrium time is dependent on the liquid film thickness, the liquid viscosity and the contact geometry. The model developed is applied to a rough textured disk, a polished disk and a super smooth disk. To study the effect of the scan size on the meniscus force, the static friction is calculated by using roughness parameters obtained from measurements at different scan sizes.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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