Finite Element Analysis of Herringbone Groove Journal Bearings: A Parametric Study

[+] Author and Article Information
Nicole Zirkelback, Luis San Andrés

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3123

J. Tribol 120(2), 234-240 (Apr 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2834415 History: Received November 14, 1996; Revised April 11, 1997; Online January 24, 2008


Currently, the herringbone groove journal bearing (HGJB) has important applications in miniature rotating machines such as those found in the computer information storage industry. Grooves scribed on either the rotating or stationary member of the bearing pump the lubricating fluid inward thus generating support stiffness and improving its dynamic stability when operating concentrically. The narrow groove theory (NGT), traditionally adopted to model the concentric operation of these bearings, is limited to bearings with a large number of grooves. A finite element analysis is introduced for prediction of the static and rotordynamic forced response in HGJBs with finite numbers of grooves. Results from this analysis are then compared to available experimental data as well as to estimates from the NGT. A bearing geometry parametric study is then conducted to determine optimum rotordynamic force coefficients. A discussion on the temporal variation of the bearing reaction forces and force coefficients for a rotating journal with a small number of grooves is also presented. These changes can be significant at high operating eccentricities, possibly inducing a parametric excitation in rotating systems employing this type of bearing.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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