Elastohydrodynamic Film Thickness in Elliptical Contacts With Spinning and Rolling

[+] Author and Article Information
Qian Zou, Changhua Huang, Shizhu Wen

State Key Laboratory of Tribology, Department of Precision Instruments, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P.R. China

J. Tribol 121(4), 686-692 (Oct 01, 1999) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2834124 History: Received September 20, 1997; Revised September 16, 1998; Online January 24, 2008


In this paper, a theoretical model for the film thickness prediction of elastohydrodynamic lubrication of elliptical contacts with spinning and rolling/sliding motions is presented, in which 1) an effective ellipticity ratio ke is introduced to present the ellipse feature instead of the normal ellipticity ratio k in case of that the entraining velocity at the center of contact ellipse is at an angle with minor axis, 2) Roelands and Dowson-Higginson’s equations are adopted to express the influence of pressure upon lubricant viscosity and density, 3) multilevel/multigrid techniques, with low complexity and good stability, are used for the purpose of reducing computing time in the complex numerical analysis. With this model the characteristics of film shape and pressure distribution of elastohydrodynamic lubrication of elliptical concentrated contacts with spinning and rolling/sliding were discussed. The results showed that the spinning motion has significant influence on the film shape and pressure distribution. Based on a large number of numerical results of elastohydrodynamic lubrication analysis of elliptical concentrated contacts with spinning and rolling/sliding, new expressions for the minimum and central film thickness prediction were regressed. Their accuracy was analyzed by comparisons with numerical results of an evaluation set and others’ expressions under pure rolling and/or sliding condition. The comparisons showed that the two new expressions have satisfactory accuracy and potential application to engineering analysis and design.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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