0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Contact Mechanics of Superfinishing

[+] Author and Article Information
Shih-Hsiang Chang

Mechanical Engineering Department, Far East College, 49 Chung-Hwa Rd., Hsin-Shih Town, Tainan County, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Thomas N. Farris

School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1282 Grissom Hall, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1282

Srinivasan Chandrasekar

School of Industrial Engineering, 1287 Grissom Hall, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1287

J. Tribol 122(2), 388-393 (Jul 01, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.555374 History: Received July 01, 1998; Revised July 01, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Knudsen,  R. D., 1988, “Advances in Tapered Roller Bearing Design,” Power Transmission Design, 6, pp. 71–74.
Puthanangady,  T. K., and Malkin,  S., 1995, “Experimental Investigation of the Superfinishing Prcess,” Wear, 185, pp. 173–182.
Chang,  S. H., Balasubramhanya,  S., Chandrasekar,  S., Farris,  T. N., and Hashimoto,  F., 1997, “Forces and Specific Energy in Superfinishing of Hardened Steel,” Ann. CIRP, 46, No. 1, pp. 257–260.
Chauhan,  R., Ahn,  Y., Chandrasekar,  S., and Farris,  T. N., 1993, “Role of Indentation Fracture in Free Abrasive Machining of Ceramics,” Wear, 162, pp. 246–257.
Bulsara,  V. H., Ahn,  Y., Chandrasekar,  S., and Farris,  T. N., 1998, “Mechanics of Polishing,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 45, pp. 410–416.
Bulsara,  V. H., Ahn,  Y., Chandrasekar,  S., and Farris,  T. N., 1997, “Polishing and Lapping Temperatures,” ASME J. Tribol., 119, pp. 163–170.
Tabor, D., 1951, The Hardness of Metals, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Samuels, L. E., 1982, Metallographic Polishing by Mechanical Methods, 3rd Edition, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, OH.
Malkin, S., 1989, Grinding Technology: Theory and Application of Machining with Abrasives, Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester, U.K.
Baul,  R. M., Graham,  D., and Scott,  W., 1972, “Characterization of the Working Surface of Abrasive Wheels,” Tribology, 2, pp. 169–176.
Saljé,  E., and von See,  M., 1987, “Process-Optimization in Honing,” Ann. CIRP, 36, No. 1, pp. 235–239.
Sayles,  R. S., and Thomas,  T. R., 1979, “Measurements of the Statistical Microgeometry of Engineering Surfaces,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 101, pp. 409–418.
Greenwood,  J. A., 1984, “A Unified Theory of Surface Roughness,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 393, pp. 133–157.
Sayles,  R. S., and Thomas,  T. R., 1976, “A Stochastic Explanation of Some Structural Properties of a Ground Surface,” Int. J. Production Res., 14, No. 6, pp. pp. 641–655.
Cohen,  A. C., 1951, “Estimating Parameters of Logarithmic-normal Distributions by Maximum Likelihood,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 46, pp. 206–212.
Harter,  H. L., and Moore,  A. H., 1966, “Local-maximum-likelihood Estimation of the Parameters of Three-parameter Lognormal Populations from Complete and Censored Samples,” J. Am. Stat. Assoc., 61, pp. 842–851.
Saljé,  E., and Paulmann,  R., 1988, “Relations Between Abrasive Processes,” Ann. CIRP, 37, No. 2, pp. 641–648.
Dagnall, H., 1986, Exploring Surface Texture, 2nd Edition, Rank Taylor Hobson Limited, Leicester, England.
Puthanangady, T. K., 1994, “Superfinishing of Steels,” Technical Paper MR94-169, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, MI.
Onchi,  Y., Matsumori,  N., Ikawa,  N., and Shimada,  S., 1995, “Porous Fine CBN Stones for High Removal Rate Superfinishing,” Ann. CIRP, 44, No. 1, pp. 291–294.
Wulff, J., 1940, “The Metallurgy of Surface Finish,” Proceedings of the Special Summer Conference on Friction and Surface Finish, MIT, pp. 13–21.
Sulima, A. M., and Evstigneev, M., 1974, Surface Integrity and Fatigue of Parts from High-Temperature and Titanium Alloys, Mashinostroyenye, Moscow (in Russian).
Reason, R. E., 1962, “The Measurement of Surface Texture,” Modern Workshop Technology, Part II, H. W. Baker, ed., Macmillan, pp. 413–474.
Rubert,  M. P., 1959, “Confusion in Measuring Surface Roughness,” Engineering, 23, pp. 393–395.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of (a) superfinishing process and force sensing system, and (b) stone-workpiece contact in superfinishing
Grahic Jump Location
Conical indenter model of the contact between an abrasive particle and the workpiece used to calculate the local superfinishing normal force
Grahic Jump Location
Illustration of surface profile used to estimate (a) peak-to-valley, and (b) mean surface roughness
Grahic Jump Location
Typical three dimensional surface topography of a new aluminum oxide stone used in superfinishing
Grahic Jump Location
Cumulative distribution functions for (a) surface height, and (b) surface cutting edge height for three aluminum oxide stones. Operating conditions are contact pressure, 0.80 MPa; workpiece speed, 700 rpm (surface speed 1.14 m/s); and oscillation frequency, 2300 cpm with amplitude, 0.5 mm.
Grahic Jump Location
Cumulative distribution function for surface cutting height of aluminum oxide stone. Note that the lognormal distribution fits the measured data much better than the normal distribution.
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of active cutting edge number (n) with contact pressure for bounded normal and lognormal distributions (a) percentage of active cutting edge (n/N), and (b) density of active cutting edge (n/A)
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of normal force on an active cutting edge with contact pressure for bounded normal and lognormal distributions (a) average force (Pave), and (b) maximum force (Pmax) on active cutting edge
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of surface roughness with contact pressure for bounded normal and lognormal distributions (a) peak-to-valley (Rt), and (b) arithmetic average (Ra). The operating conditions for the experiments are a superfinishing time of 10 s, workpiece speed of 700 rpm (surface speed 1.14 m/s), and oscillation frequency of 2300 cpm with an amplitude of 0.5 mm.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In