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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Tribology of Flexible Seals for Reciprocating Motion

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Kaneta, H. Todoroki, H. Nishikawa

Department of Mechanical and Control Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Sensuicho, Tobata, Kitakyushu, Japan

Y. Kanzaki, Y. Kawahara

NOK Co., Tsujido-shinmachi, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan

J. Tribol 122(4), 787-795 (Jun 08, 2000) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1310573 History: Received December 28, 1999; Revised June 08, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Hooke,  C. J., Lines,  D. J., and O’Donoghue,  J. P., 1966/67, “Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of O-Ring Seals,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part 1, 181, No. 9, pp. 205–218.
Dowson, D., and Swales, P. D., 1967, “An Elastohydrodynamic Approach to the Problem of the Reciprocating Seal,” Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, F3 , pp. 33–44.
Dowson, D., and Swales, P. D., 1969, “The Development of Elastohydrodynamic Conditions in a Reciprocating Seal,” Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, Paper 1, pp. 2–10.
Field,  G. J., and Nau,  B. S., 1975, “A Theoretical Study of the Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of Reciprocating Rubber Seals,” ASLE Trans., 18, No. 1, pp. 48–54.
Blok, H., 1963, “Inverse Problems in Hydrodynamic Lubrication and Design Directives for Lubricated Flexible Surfaces,” Symp. Lubr. Wear, Houston, TX, 1–151.
Mueller,  H. K., 1965, “Hydrodynamik elastischer Dichtungen,” Oelhydraulik Pneumatik, 9, No. 3, pp. 89–93.
Theyse, F. H., 1967, “The Inverse Hydrodynamic Theory and Its Application in the Design of Controlled Leakage Seals Between Moving Parts,” Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, F2 , pp. 17–32.
Hirano, F., and Kaneta, M., 1969, “Dynamic Behavior of Flexible Seals for Reciprocating Motion,” Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, pp. 11–20.
Hirano, F., and Kaneta, M., 1971, “Theoretical Investigation of Friction and Sealing Characteristics of Flexible Seals for Reciprocating Motion,” Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, G2 , pp. 17–32.
Hirano, F., and Kaneta, M., 1971, “Experimental Investigation of Friction and Sealing Characteristics of Flexible Seals for Reciprocating Motion,” Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, G3 , pp. 33–48.
Kanzaki, Y., Kawahara, Y., and Kaneta, M., 1994, “The Effects of Multistage Contact Pressure Distribution on Sealing and Frictional Characteristics in Reciprocating Seals,” Proc. 14th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, pp. 519–531.
Kanzaki, Y., Kawahara, Y., and Kaneta, M., 1997, “Oil Film Behavior and Friction Characteristics in Reciprocating Rubber Seals,” Proc. 15th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, pp. 79–95.
Kawahara, Y., Ohtake, Y., and Hirabayashi, H., 1981, “Oil Film Formation of Oil Seals for Reciprocating Motion,” Proc. 9th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, C2 , pp. 73–85.
Nishikawa,  H., Handa,  K., and Kaneta,  M., 1995, “Behavior of EHL Films in Reciprocating Motion,” JSME Int. J., Series C, 38, No. 3, pp. 558–567.
Hirano, F., and Kaneta, M., 1973, “Elastohydrodynamic Condition in Elliptic Contact in Reciprocating Motion,” Proc. 6th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, C2 , pp. 11–24.
Hirano, F., and Murakami, T., 1975, “Photoelastic Study of Elastohydrodynamic Contact Condition in Reciprocating Motion,” Proc. 7th Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, C4 , pp. 51–70.
Blok,  H., and Koens,  H. J., 1965/66, “The “Breathing” Film between a Flexible Seal and a Reciprocating Rod,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 180, Part 3B, pp. 221–223.
Robert,  A. D., and Tabor,  D., 1968, “Fluid Film Lubrication of Rubber—An Interferometric Study,” Wear, 11, pp. 163–166.
Mueller,  H. K., 1963, “Leckverluse und Reibung elastischer Dichtungen an hinund herbewegten Kolbenstangen,” Konstruction, 15, No. 4, pp. 149–157.
Hirano, F., 1967, “Dynamic Inverse Problems in Hydrodynamic Lubrication,” Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. on Fluid Sealing, F1 .
Dowson,  D., and Jin,  Z. M., 1986, “Micro-Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication of Synovial Joints,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Med. Eng., 15, No. 2, pp. 63–65.
Kaneta,  M., 1992, “Effects of Surface Roughness in Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication,” JSME Int. J., Ser. III, 15, No. 2, pp. 535–546.
Ikeuchi,  K., Fujita,  S., and Ohashi,  M., 1998, “Analysis of Fluid Film Formation Between Contacting Compliant Solids,” Tribol. Int., 31, No. 10, pp. 613–618.
Sugimura,  J., Jones,  W. R., and Spikes,  H. A., 1998, “EHD Film Thickness in Non-Steady State Contacts,” ASME J. Tribol., 120, pp. 442–452.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Variation in friction force (D-type specimen, S=1 mm)
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Variation in friction force (D-type specimen, S=1.5 mm)
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Effects of dent existing in contact area (D-type specimen, G=5.8×10−5,S=30 mm, oil C)
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Effects of dent and bump existing at edge of contact area (D-type specimen, G=5.8×10−5,S=30 mm, oil C)
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Schematic diagram of experimental apparatus
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Cross-sectional views of rubber specimens and contact pressure distributions
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Pumping and motoring strokes and maximum pressure gradients
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Relationship between mean friction coefficient fc at center of stroke and duty parameter G
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Variation in friction force and mean film thickness (lip-type specimen, S=30 mm)
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Variation in friction force and mean film thickness (D-type specimen, S=30 mm)
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Variation in friction force just after starting (D-type specimen, G=2.4×10−5,S=30 mm, oil C)
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Variation in oil film profile (D-type specimen, G=2.5×10−5,S=3 mm, oil C)
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Relationship between moved distance of glass disk and that of position of minimum film thickness shown in Fig. 8
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Relationship between maximum friction coefficient fmax and duty parameter G for D-type specimen
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Variation in friction force and mean film thickness (D-type specimen, S=3 mm)
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Film profiles corresponding to Fig. 6(c)
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Film profiles corresponding to Fig. 11(a)

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