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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Three-Dimensional Modeling of THD Lubrication in Face Seals

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Tournerie, J. C. Danos, J. Fre⁁ne

Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides, Université de Poitiers, France

J. Tribol 123(1), 196-204 (Jul 11, 2000) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1327584 History: Received February 24, 2000; Revised July 11, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Knoll, G., Peeken, H., and Höft, H. W., 1994, “Thermohydrodynamic Calculation of End Face Seals,” Proceeding of the 14th International Conference on Fluid Sealing, BHRGroup Ltd, Firenze, Italy.
Pascovici,  M. D., and Etsion,  I., 1992, “A Thermohydrodynamic Analysis of a Mechanical Face Seal,” ASME J. Tribol., 114, pp. 639–645.
Etsion,  I., and Pascovici,  M. D., 1993, “A Thermohydrodynamic Analysis of a Misaligned Mechanical Face Seal,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 36, pp. 589–596.
Person, V., Tournerie, B., and Fre⁁ne, J., 1997, “THD Aspects in Misaligned and Wavy Face Seals,” Proc. of 15th Conference on Fluid Sealing, Maastricht, BHR Group, pp. 505–518.
Person,  V., Tournerie,  B., and Fre⁁ne,  J., 1997, “A Numerical Study of the Stable Dynamic Behavior of Radial Face Seals with Grooved Faces,” ASME J. Tribol., 119, pp. 507–514.
Danos, J. C., Tournerie, B., and Fre⁁ne, J., 1999, “Notched Rotor Face Effect on Thermohydrodynamic Lubrication in Mechanical Face Seals,” Proc. of 26th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology (to be published).
Pascovici, M. D., and Cicone, 1997, “An improved THD Analytical Model Fort A Non-Contacting, Aligned Mechanical Face Seal,” World Tribology Congress, London, p. 396.
Gazley,  C., 1958, “Heat Transfer Characteristics of the Rotational and Axial Flow Between Concentric Cylinders,” Trans. of ASME, 80, pp. 79–89.
Tachibana,  F., Fukui,  S., and Mitsumara,  H., 1960, “Heat Transfer in an Annulus With an Inner Rotating Cylinder,” Bull. JSME, 3, pp. 119–113.
Becker,  K. M., 1963, “Measurements of Convective Heat Transfer from a Horizontal Cylinder Rotating in a Tank Water,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 6, pp. 1053–1062.
Doane,  J. C., Myrum,  T. A., and Beard,  J. E., 1991, “An Experimental-Computational Investigation of a Heat Transfer In Mechanical Face Seal,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 34, pp. 1027–1041.
Lebeck,  A. O., Nygren,  M. E., Shirazi,  S. A., and Soulisa,  R., 1998, “Fluid Temperature and Film Coefficient Prediction and Measurement in Mechanical Face Seals-Experimental Results,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 41, pp. 411–422.
Shirazi,  S. A., Soulisa,  R., Lebeck,  A. O., and Nygren,  M. E., 1998, “Fluid Temperature and Film Coefficient Prediction and Measurement in Mechanical Face Seals-Numerical Results,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 41, pp. 459–470.
Phillips,  R. L., Jacobs,  L. E., Merati,  P., and Okita,  N. A., 1997, “Experimental Determination of the Characteristics of a Mechanical Seal and its Operating Environment,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 40, pp. 559–568.
Merati, P., Okita, N. A., Phillips, R. L., and Jacobs, L. E., 1999, “Experimental Determination of the Characteristics of a Mechanical Seal and its Operating Environment,” STLE Preprint 99-AM-15.

Figures

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Geometrical and cinematic model
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Heat balance of the notch
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Boundaries of the domains
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Influence of rotor thermal conductivity
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Influence of the lubricant
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Influence of the film thickness
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Influence of the heat transfer coefficient
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Influence of the stator heat transfer coefficient
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Influence of the heat flux
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Influence of the heat flux
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Comparison of different solutions
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Temperature field on the rotor face
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Temperature field in the film on the medium radius
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Temperature field in the rotor on the medium radius
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Maximum temperature variation on the rotor for misaligned faces
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Temperature field on the rotor face
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Temperature field in the fluid on the medium radius
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Temperature field in the rotor on the medium radius
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Maximum temperature variation on the wavy rotor face
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Schematic view of a radial notch
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Pressure field on a notched rotor face
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Temperature field on a notched rotor face

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