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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Flow Factors for Lubrication With Emulsions in Ironing

[+] Author and Article Information
Steven R. Schmid, Jin Zhou

Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556

J. Tribol 123(2), 283-289 (Apr 17, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1310369 History: Received November 09, 1999; Revised April 17, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Figures

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The metal forming operations used in the production of beverage containers
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Illustration of the Dynamic Concentration Theory of Emulsion Lubrication, from Wilson et al. 11
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Modeling of emulsion flow in an inlet zone: (a) idealized geometry of oil droplets; (b) control volume for idealized droplets; (c) effective control volume
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Modeling of emulsion flow in an ironing inlet zone: (a) idealized geometry of oil droplets; (b) control volume for idealized droplets
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Discretization of the large droplet case: (a) finite element mesh; (b) resultant velocity vectors
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Flow correction factors for emulsion lubrication
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Discretization of the smaller droplet case: (a) finite element mesh; (b) resultant velocity vectors
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Correction factor R as a function of dimensionless pressure gradient for oil droplets entrained as both hemispheres and cylinders
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Emulsion concentration rate as a function of dimensionless pressure gradient for oil droplets entrained as cylinders and hemispheres

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