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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Numerical Formulation for the Dynamic Analysis of Spiral-Grooved Gas Face Seals

[+] Author and Article Information
Brad A. Miller, Itzhak Green

George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405

J. Tribol 123(2), 395-403 (May 02, 2000) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1308015 History: Received December 14, 1999; Revised May 02, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Etsion,  I., 1982, “A Review of Mechanical Face Seal Dynamic,” Shock Vibr. Dig., 14, No. 3, pp. 9–14.
Etsion,  I., 1985, “Mechanical Face Seal Dynamics Update,” Shock Vibr. Dig., 17, No. 4, pp. 11–16.
Etsion,  I., 1991, “Mechanical Face Seal Dynamics 1985–1989,” Shock Vibr. Dig., 23, No. 4, pp. 3–7.
Malanoski,  S. B., and Pan,  C. H. T., 1965, “The Static and Dynamic Characteristics of the Spiral-Grooved Thrust Bearing,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 87, pp. 547–558.
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James,  D. D., and Potter,  A. F., 1967, “Numerical Analysis of the Gas Lubricated Spiral Groove Thrust Bearing Compressor,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 89, pp. 439–444.
Leefe, S., 1994, “Modeling of Plain Face Gas Seal Dynamics,” 14th International Conference on Fluid Sealing, BHR Group Conference Series, No. 9, pp. 397–424.
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Basu,  P., 1992, “Analysis of a Radial Groove Gas Face Seal,” Tribol. Trans., 35, No. 1, pp. 11–20.
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Bonneau,  D., Huitric,  J., and Tournerie,  B., 1993, “Finite Element Analysis of Grooved Gas Thrust Bearings and Grooved Gas Face Seals,” ASME J. Tribol., 115, pp. 348–354.
Tournerie, B., Huitric, J., Bonneau, D., and Frene, J., 1994, “Optimization and Performance Prediction of Grooved Face Seals for Gases and Liquids,” Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Fluid Sealing, BHR Group Limited, Cranfield, UK.
Cha,  E., and Bogy,  D. B., 1995, “A Numerical Scheme for Static and Dynamic Simulation of Subambient Pressure Shaped Rail Sliders,” ASME J. Tribol., 117, pp. 36–46.
Green,  I., and Etsion,  I., 1985, “Stability Threshold and Steady-State Response of Noncontacing Coned-Face Seals,” ASLE Trans., 28, No. 4, pp. 449–460.
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of noncontacting mechanical face seal
Grahic Jump Location
Seal model with schematic of spiral groove geometry
Grahic Jump Location
Finite element discretization showing Lagrange quadratic element
Grahic Jump Location
Finite volume discretization in polar coordinates, r and θ
Grahic Jump Location
Transient seal response (with sealing dam) to rotor runout and static stator misalignment
Grahic Jump Location
Transient seal response (without sealing dam) to rotor runout and static stator misalignment

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