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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Influence of Interference and Clamping on Fretting Fatigue in Single Rivet-Row Lap Joints

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Iyer

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109

C. A. Rubin, G. T. Hahn

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203

J. Tribol 123(4), 686-698 (Dec 08, 2000) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1352746 History: Received January 12, 1999; Revised December 08, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Piascik, R. S., 1994, “The Characterization of Widespread Fatigue Damage in Fuselage Structure,” NASA technical memorandum 109142, Langley Research Center, VA.
Swenson, D. V., Chih-Chien, C., and Derber, T., 1992, “Analytical and Experimental Investigation of Fatigue in Lap Joints,” in Advances in Fatigue Lifetime Predictive Techniques, ASTM STP 1122, M. R. Mitchell and R. W. Landgraf, Eds., pp. 449–459.
Beuth,  J. L., and Hutchinson,  J. W., 1994, “Fracture Analysis of Multi-Site Cracking in Fuselage Lap Joints,” Computational Mech., Berlin, 13, No. 5, pp. 315–331.
Park,  J. H., and Atluri,  S. N., 1993, “Fatigue Growth of Multiple-Cracks Near a Row of Fastener-Holes in a Fuselage Lap-Joint,” Computational Mech., Berlin, 13, No. 3, pp. 189–203.
Waterhouse, R. B., 1972, Fretting Corrosion, Pergamon Press, New York.
Waterhouse, R. B., 1981, “Avoidance of Fretting Fatigue Failures,” in Fretting Fatigue, Applied Science Publishers Ltd. (ISBN 0-85334-932-0), London, pp. 221–240.
Waterhouse, R. B., 1992, “Fretting Wear,” ASM Metals Handbook, No. 18, pp. 242–256.
Ruiz,  C., Boddington,  P., and Chen,  K., 1984, “An Investigation of Fatigue and Fretting in Dovetail Joints,” Exp. Mech., 24, No. 3, pp. 208–217.
Nowell,  D., and Hills,  D. A., 1990, “Crack Initiation Criteria in Fretting Fatigue,” Wear, 136, No. 2, pp. 329–343.
Kuno,  M., Waterhouse,  R. B., Nowell,  D., and Hills,  D. A., 1989, “Initiation and Growth of Fretting Fatigue Cracks in the Partial Slip Regime,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct., 12, No. 5, pp. 387–398.
Endo,  K., Goto,  H., and Nakamura,  T., 1969, “Effect of Cycle Frequency on Fretting Fatigue Life of Carbon Steel,” Bull. JSME, 12, No. 54, pp. 1300.
Szolwinski, M. P., and Farris, T. N., 1995, “Mechanics of Fretting Fatigue Crack Formation,” in Structural Integrity in Aging Aircraft, AD-47 , ASME, New York, pp. 141–157.
Schwarmann, L., 1986, “Influence of Cold-Working and Interference Fit on Fatigue Life,” Proc. Fatigue Prevention and Design, April, 21–24, J. T. Barnby, Ed., Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Ramamurthy,  T. S., 1990, “Analysis of Interference Fit Pin Joints Subjected to Bearing Bypass Loads,” AIAA J., 28, No. 10, pp. 1800–1805.
Hermann,  R., 1994, “Three-Dimensional Stress Distribution Around Cold Expanded Holes in Aluminum Alloys,” Exp. Mech., 48, No. 6, pp. 819–835.
Sundarraj,  N., Dattaguru,  B., and Ramamurthy,  T. S., 1995, “Analysis of a Double Shear Lap Joint With Interference Fit Pin,” Comput. Struct., 55, No. 2, pp. 357–363.
Iyer,  K., Hahn,  G. T., Bastias,  P. C., and Rubin,  C. A., 1995, “Analysis of Fretting Conditions in Pinned Connections,” Wear, 120, pp. 524–530.
Muller, R. P. G., 1995, “An Experimental and Analytical Investigation on the Fatigue Behavior of Fuselage Riveted Lap Joints—The Significance of the Rivet Squeeze Force, and a Comparison of 2024-T3 and Glare 3,” Ph.D. thesis, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
Harish,  G., and Farris,  T. N., 1998, “Shell Modeling of Fretting in Riveted Lap Joints,” AIAA J., 36, No. 6, pp. 1087–1093.
Xue, M., 1996, Study of Fretting Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys, Ph.D. thesis proposal, Vanderbilt University, USA.
Iyer, K., Xue, M., Kasinadhuni, R., Bastias, P. C., Rubin, C. A., Wert, J. J., and Hahn, G. T., 1995, “Contribution of Fretting to the Fatigue and Corrosive Deterioration of a Riveted Lap Joint,” in Structural Integrity in Aging Aircraft, AD-47 , ASME, New York, pp. 35–61.
Hahn,  G. T., Bhargava,  V., and Chen,  Q., 1990, “The Cyclic Stress-Strain Properties, Hysteresis Loop Shape and Kinematic Hardening of Two High Strength Bearing Steels,” Metall. Trans. A, 21A, pp. 653–664.
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Iyer, K., 1997, “Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analyses of the Local Mechanical Behavior of Riveted Lap Joints,” Ph.D. thesis, Vanderbilt University.

Figures

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(a) Variation of circumferential tensile stress, σθθ, in the panel and immediately adjacent to the hole surface under maximum load, with angular location and depth for Model A0, (b) variation with angular location at z=t, depth at which tensile stresses are greatest, for Models A1–A4
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Comparisons of computed distributions of (a) the normalized contact pressure, p/σ and (b) interfacial slip distance obtained from the two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) finite element models
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Validity of the three-dimensional finite element model based on comparisons of measured and computed values of (a) overall in-plane joint displacement, and (b) and (c) out-of-plane panel movement near the rivet location
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Profile of a deformed mesh showing important rivet versus panel contact locations with (a) non-countersunk rivets, (b) countersunk rivets, and (c) definition of angular locations and depth in the three-dimensional models. Field D is absent with non-countersunk rivets.
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Important fretting fields observed in laboratory tested riveted lap joints
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(a) Variation of contact pressure at the shank-hole interface with angular location and depth for Model A0; (b) variation of contact pressure with angular location at depth z=t, where contact pressures peak, for Models A1 and A2.
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(a) Angular variation of contact pressure at the shank-hole interface in Models A3 and A4 at z=t, depth at which the pressures peak, (b) variation of in-plane displacement between the panel hole and rivet in Model A0.
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Finite element and analytical solutions for the contact pressure distribution in a pinned connection with an infinite sheet
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Variation of fretting parameters with angular location at z=t, the depth at which the parameters peak, for Models A0–A4: (a) fretting wear parameter, F1; (b) fretting fatigue parameter, F2.
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(a) Angular variation of contact pressure at the shank-hole interface in Models B3 and B4 at z=t, depth at which the pressures peak, (b) Variation of in-plane slip between the panel hole and rivet in Model B0
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Variation of conventional fatigue parameters at the rivet shank-panel hole interface at z=t for Models B0–B4: (a) cyclic stress range, Δσ; (b) mean stress, σm.
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Variation of conventional fatigue parameters at the rivet shank-panel hole interface at z=t for Models A0–A4: (a) cyclic stress range, Δσ; (b) mean stress, σm.
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(a) Variation of contact pressure at the shank-hole interface with angular location and depth for Model B0, (b) variation of contact pressure with angular location at depth z=t, where contact pressures peak, for Models B1 and B2
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Variation of fretting parameters with angular location at z=t, the depth at which the parameters peak, for Models B0–B4: (a) fretting wear parameter, F1; (b) fretting fatigue parameter, F2.
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(a) Variation of in-plane slip amplitude at the shank-hole interface with angular location and depth for Model A0, (b) Angular variation in Models A1–A4 at depth z=t, where slip amplitudes peak
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(a) Multi-riveted, single rivet-row lap joint, of which one half-unit is considered for the three-dimensional half-symmetry finite element model. (b) The thickness of each panel is t=1.53 mm. The rivet is countersunk with a shank diameter of 6.12 mm; the rivet head diameter and height are 9.792 mm and 3.83 mm, respectively. (c) Plan view of the mesh. The overall length of the model is 306 mm, the length of the overlap region is 30.6 mm and the width of the model (half the repeat distance) is 15.3 mm.
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Schematic representation of different material constitutive (hardening) behaviors and their implications on the cyclic stress-strain history produced with a fixed mean stress and stress amplitude: (a) isotropic hardening; (b) elastic-linear-kinematic-plastic (ELKP) hardening.
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(a) Variation of in-plane slip amplitude at the shank-hole interface with angular location and depth for Model B0, (b) angular variation in Models B1–B4 at depth z=t, where slip amplitudes peak
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(a) Variation of circumferential tensile stress, σθθ, in the panel and immediately adjacent to the hole surface under maximum load, with angular location and depth for Model B0, (b) variation with angular location at z=t, depth at which tensile stresses are greatest, for Models B1–B4

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