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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Vibrations of the All-Ceramic Ball Bearing

[+] Author and Article Information
Hiroyuki Ohta, Shinya Satake

Nagaoka University of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan

J. Tribol 124(3), 448-460 (May 31, 2002) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1456455 History: Received January 17, 2001; Revised August 14, 2001; Online May 31, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Rokkaku,  K., 1992, “Latest Trends in Rolling Bearings for Special Environments,” Japanese Journal of Tribology, 37, No. 9, pp. 1101–1113.
Matsunaga,  S., 1999, “SPACEA Series Products for Special Environments,” Motion & Control, No. 7, pp. 1–4.
Zaretsky,  E. V., 1989, “Ceramic Bearings for Use in Gas Turbine Engines,” ASME J. Tribol., 111, pp. 146–157.
Ichikawa,  Y., and Tabata,  S., 1989, “Ceramic Bearings for Machine Tool Spindles,” Koyo Engineering Journal, No. 135, pp. 62–71.
Ota,  M., and Takiuchu,  H., 1992, “Introduction of Ceramic Bearing Application,” NTN Technical Review, No. 60, pp. 56–61.
Yasui,  H., and Takebayashi,  H., 1989, “Ceramic Bearings for Aircraft Gas-Turbine Main Shaft Applications,” Koyo Engineering Journal, No. 136, pp. 27–31.
Niizeki,  S., 1998, “Ceramic Bearings,” NSK Technical Journal, No. 665, pp. 42–47.
Duffy, P. E., 1991, “Exploratory Testing and Analysis of Full Ceramic Ball Bearings,” SAE Tech. Pap. Ser., 911800.
Yamauchi,  K., 1991, “Rolling Life of Silicone Nitride Bearing in Water,” Koyo Engineering Journal, No. 139, pp. 112–114.
Swab,  J. J., and Sweeney,  M. P., 1995, “Fracture Analysis of an All-Ceramic Bearing System,” Engineering Failure Analysis, 2, No. 3, pp. 175–190.
Ohta,  H., and Kobayashi,  K., 1996, “Vibrations of Hybrid Ceramic Ball Bearings,” J. Sound Vib., 192, No. 2, pp. 481–493.
Igarashi,  T., and Ohta,  H., 1990, “Studies on the Natural Vibrations of Ball Bearings (2nd Report, In-Plane Natural Vibrations on the Outer Ring),” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. C, 56, No. 531C, pp. 2976–2983.
Igarashi,  T., and Ohta,  H., 1990, “Studies on the Natural Vibrations of Ball Bearings (1st Report, Vibration Characteristics of Ordinaly-Size Ball Bearings and Natural Vibrations on the Rigid-Body Mode of the Outer Ring),” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. C, 56, No. 528C, pp. 2047–2055.
Ohta,  H., and Igarashi,  T., 1991, “Studies on the Natural Vibrations of Ball Bearings (3rd Report, Out-of-plane Natural Vibrations on the Outer Ring),” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. C, 57, No. 533C, pp. 48–55.
Hertz,  H., 1881, “Über die Berührung fester elastischer Körper” Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik, 92, pp. 156–171.
Gustafsson, O., 1962, “Study of the Vibration Characteristics of Bearing (Special Report on Analytical Study of the Radial, Axial and Angular Vibration of a Bearing with Flexurally Rigid Races),” SKF Report, AL62L005.
Wardle,  F. P., 1988, “Vibration Forces Produced by Waviness of the Rolling Surfaces of Thrust Loaded Ball Bearings (Part 1, Theory),” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, 202, No. C5, pp. 305–312.
Wardle,  F. P., 1988, “Vibration Forces Produced by Waviness of the Rolling Surfaces of Thrust Loaded Ball Bearings (Part 2, Experimental Validation),” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, 202, No. C5, pp. 313–319.
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Figures

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Vibration measuring system
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Effect of rotational velocity on overall vibratory velocity level (axial load 99.5 N): (a) radial vibration; and (b) axial vibration
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Effect of axial load on overall vibratory velocity level (rotational velocity 1800 rpm): (a) radial vibration; and (b) axial vibration
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Radial vibration spectra (axial load 99.5 N, rotational velocity 1800 rpm): (a) all-ceramic bearing; (b) hybrid bearing; and (c) steel bearing
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Axial vibration spectra (axial load 99.5 N, rotational velocity 1800 rpm): (a) all-ceramic bearing; (b) hybrid bearing; and (c) steel bearing
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Frequency of peak and axial load (rotational velocity 1800 rpm): (a) radial vibration; and (b) axial vibration
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Measuring system of vibration mode
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Modes of peaks f1(R)−f4(R) (axial load 99.5 N, rotational velocity 1800 rpm): (a) all-ceramic bearing; (b) hybrid bearing; and (c) steel bearing
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Modes of peaks f1(A)−f4(A) (axial load 99.5 N, rotational velocity 1800 rpm): (a) all-ceramic bearing; (b) hybrid bearing; and (c) steel bearing
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System of in-plane natural vibration of outer ring
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Coordinates on section of outer ring
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Systems of out-of-plane natural vibrations of outer ring: (a) moment of inertia type natural vibration in the angular direction; (b) mass type natural vibration in the axial direction; and (c) bending natural vibration in the axial direction
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Waviness spectra of raceways and ball: (a) all-ceramic bearing; (b) hybrid bearing; and (c) steel bearing
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Excitation spectra (axial load 99.5 N, rotational velocity 1800 rpm): (a) radial excitation; and (b) axial excitation  
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Mobility measuring system: (a) radial mobility; and (b) axial mobility
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Mobility (axial load 99.5 N)

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