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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Diagnosis of Rolling-Element Bearings Failure by Localized Electrical Current Between Track Surfaces of Races and Rolling-Elements

[+] Author and Article Information
Har Prashad

BHEL, Corporate R&D Division, Vikas Nagar, Hyderabad-500 093, India

J. Tribol 124(3), 468-473 (May 31, 2002) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1467638 History: Received January 17, 2001; Revised January 29, 2002; Online May 31, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Prashad,  H., 1994, “Investigations of Damaged Rolling-Element Bearings and Deterioration of Lubricants under the Influence of Electric Current,” Wear, 176, pp. 151–161.
Bradford, M., 1984, “Prediction of Bearing Wear Due to Shaft Voltage in Electrical Machines,” Technical Report No. 84-007, ERA Technology Limited, England, pp. 49–53.
Prashad,  H., 1988, “Investigations on Corrugated Pattern on the Surface of Roller Bearings Operated Under the Influence of Electrical Fields,” STLE Lubrication Eng., 44(8), pp. 710–718.
Prashad,  H., 1987, “Effects of Operating Parameters on the Threshold Voltages and Impedance Response of Non-insulated Rolling—Element Bearings Under the Action of Electric Current,” Wear, 117, pp. 223–240.
Busse,  D., Erdman,  J., Kerkman,  R. J., Schlegel,  D., and Skibinski,  G., 1997, “System Electrical Parameters and their Effects on Bearing Currents,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 33(2), pp. 577–584.
Prashad,  H., 1999, “Determination of Magnetic Flux Density on the Surfaces of Rolling-Element Bearings as an Indication of the Current that has Passed Through Them-An Investigation,” Tribol. Int., 32, pp. 455–467.
Morgan,  A. W., and Wyllie,  D., 1969–70, “A Survey of Rolling Bearing Failures,” Proc. Instn. Mech. Engrs., 184(Pt3F), pp. 48–56.
Andreason,  S., 1968, “Passage of Electric Current through Rolling Bearings,” The Ball Bearing Journal, 153, pp. 6–12.
Simpson, F. E., and Crump, W. J. J., 1963, “Effects of Electric Currents on the Life of Rolling contact Bearings,” Proc. Lubrication and Wear Convention Bournmouth, Inst. Mech. Engr., London, Paper 27, pp. 296–304.
Prashad,  H., 1989, “Analysis of the Effects of on Electric Current on Contact Temperature Contact Stresses and Slip Band Initiation on the Roller Tracks of Roller Bearings,” Wear, 131, pp. 1–14.
Komatsuzaki,  S., 1987, “Bearing Damage by Electrical Wear and Its Effects on Deterioration of Lubricating Grease,” STLE, Lubr. Eng., 43(1), pp. 25–30.
Prashad,  H., 1989, “Diagnosis of Deterioration of Lithium Greases used in Rolling—Element Bearings by X-ray Diffractometry,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 32(2), pp. 205–214.
Remy,  M., and Magnin,  A., 1996, “Rheological and Physical Studies of Lubricating Greases Before and After Use in Bearings,” ASME J. Tribol., 118, pp. 681–686.
Lin,  C. M., Chiou,  Y. C., and Lee,  R. T., 2001, “Pitting Mechanism on Lubricated Surface of Babbit Alloy/Bearing Steel Pair Under A.C. Electric Field,” Wear, 249, pp. 133–142.
Chiou,  Y. C., Lee,  R. T., and Lin,  C. M., 1999, “Formation Criterion and Mechanism of Electrical Pitting on the Lubricated Surface under A.C. Electrical Field,” Wear, 236, pp. 62–72.
Winder,  L. R., and Wolfe,  O. J., 1968, “Valuable Results from Bearing Damage Analysis,” Metal Progress, 4, pp. 52–59.
Prashad,  H., 1996, “Diagnosis of Failure of Rolling-Element Bearings of Alternators—A study,” Wear, 198, pp. 46–51.
Prashad,  H., 1988, “The Effect of Current Leakage on Electro-Adhesion Forces in Rolling—Friction and Magnetic Flux Density Distribution on the Surface of Rolling-Element Bearing,” ASME J. Tribol., 110, pp. 448–455.
Prashad,  H., Ghosh,  M., and Biswas,  S., 1985, “Diagnostic Monitoring of Rolling-Element Bearing by High-Frequency Resource Technique,” ASLE Trans., 28(4), pp. 439–448.
Prashad,  H., 1999, “Diagnosis and Cause Analysis of Rolling-Element Bearing Failure in Electrical Power Equipment Due to Current Leakage,” STLE, Lubr. Eng., 55(5), pp. 30–35.
Prashad,  H., 1987, “The Effect of Cage and Roller Slip on the Measured Defect Frequency Reference of Rolling-Element Bearings,” ASLE Trans., 30(3), pp. 360–366.
Starling, S. G., 1960, Electricity & Magnetism, 7th ed., Longmans, Green and Co., New York.
Prashad,  H., 1998, “Determination of Time Span for Appearance of Flutes on Track Surface of Rolling-Element Bearings Under the Influence of Electrical Current,” Tribol. Trans., 41(1), pp. 103–109.
Prashad,  H., and Murthy,  T. S. R., 1998, “Behavior of Greases in Statically Bounded Conditions and When Used in Non-Insulated Anti-Friction Bearings Under the Influence of Electrical Fields,” STLE Lubrication Eng., 44(3), pp. 239–246.
Prashad,  H., 1990, “Theoretical Analysis of the Effects of Instantaneous Charge Leakage on Roller Track of Roller Bearings Lubricated with High Resistivity Lubricants,” ASME J. Tribol., 112, pp. 37–43.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Schematic diagram showing bearing arrangement with lubricant flow path, unshielded instrumentation cable and other causes leading to the passage of electric current
Grahic Jump Location
Typical corrugation pattern on the track surface of a failed bearing under the influence of electrical current

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