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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Influence of Fluid Flow Regime on Performances of Non-Contacting Liquid Face Seals

[+] Author and Article Information
Noël Brunetière, Bernard Tournerie, Jean Fre⁁ne

Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides, UMR CNRS 6610, S.P.2M.I., BP 30179, 86962 Futuroscope Chasseneuil cedex, France

J. Tribol 124(3), 515-523 (May 31, 2002) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1456453 History: Received February 27, 2001; Revised August 07, 2001; Online May 31, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Etsion,  I., 1982, “Dynamic Analysis of Noncontacting Face Seals,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 104, No. 4, pp. 460–468.
Tournerie,  B., and Fre⁁ne,  J., 1984, “Computer Modelling of the Functioning Modes of Noncontacting Face Seals,” Tribol. Int., 17, No. 5, pp. 269–276.
Green,  I., and Etsion,  I., 1986, “Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Noncontacting Coned-face Mechanical Seals,” ASLE Trans., 29, No. 3, pp. 383–393.
Green,  I., and Etsion,  I., 1983, “Fluid Film Dynamic Coefficients in Mechanical Face Seals,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 105, No. 2, pp. 297–302.
Wileman,  J., and Green,  I., 1991, “The Rotordynamics Coefficients of Mechanical Seals Having Two Flexibly Mounted Rotors,” ASME J. Tribol., 113, No. 4, pp. 795–804.
Wileman,  J., and Green,  I., 1995, “The Rotordynamics Coefficients of Eccentric Mechanical Seals,” ASME J. Tribol., 118, No. 1, pp. 215–224.
Person,  V., Tournerie,  B., and Fre⁁ne,  J., 1997, “A Numerical Study of the Stable Dynamic Behavior of Radial Face Seals With Grooved Faces,” ASME J. Tribol., 119, No. 3, pp. 507–514.
Green,  I., and Etsion,  I., 1985, “Stability Threshold and Steady-state Response of Noncontacting Coned-Face Seals,” ASLE Trans., 28, No. 4, pp. 449–460.
Yasuna,  J. A., and Hughes,  W. F., 1994, “Squeeze Film Dynamics of Two-phase Seals: Part II—Turbulent Flow,” ASME J. Tribol., 116, No. 3, pp. 479–488.
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Ransom,  D. L., and San Andres,  L., 1999, “Identification of Force Coefficients from a Gas Annular Seal—Effect of Transition Flow Regime to Turbulence,” Tribol. Trans., 42, No. 3, pp. 487–494.
Mayer,  E., 1989, “Performance of Rotating High Duty Nuclear Seals,” Lubr. Eng. 45, No. 5, pp. 275–286.
Elrod,  H. G., and Ng,  C. W., 1967, “A Theory for Turbulent Films and its Application to Bearings,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol. 89(3), pp. 346–362.
Lin,  J. F., and Yao,  C. C., 1996, “Hydrodynamic Lubrication of Face Seal in a Turbulent Flow Regime,” ASME J. Tribol., 118, No. 3, pp. 589–601.
Gregory, R. S., 1975, “Operating Characteristics of Fluid-film Thrust Bearing Subjected to High Shaft Speeds,” 2nd Leeds-Lyon Symposium, Super Laminar Flow in Bearing, Paper VIII (4), pp. 154–162.
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Bassani, R., and Piccigallo, B., 1992, Hydrostatic Lubrication, Tribology Series, 22, Elsevier.
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Figures

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Presentation of flow factor α
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Geometric and kinematic model of the seal
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Interpolation factor δε versus flow factor α for two interpolation laws
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Comparison of friction factor f1 in transition to turbulence versus Couette Reynolds number Rec
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Comparison of friction factor f3 in transition to turbulence versus Poiseuille Reynolds number Rep
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Comparison of friction factor f2 in transition to turbulence versus mean Reynolds number Rem
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Hydrostatic seal with a flat face
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The minimal and the maximal value of the flow factor versus the clearance
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The friction torque and the leakage rate versus the clearance
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The opening force and the axial stiffness coefficient versus the clearance
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Comparison of pressure and dimensionless viscosity profiles obtained in both laminar and non laminar flow regimes with a dimensionless seal clearance of 0.704
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The tilting and the cross tilting stiffness coefficients versus the clearance
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The axial and the tilting damping coefficients versus the clearance
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The minimal and the maximal value of the flow factor versus the angular velocity
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The friction torque and the leakage rate versus the angular velocity
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The opening force and the axial stiffness coefficient versus the angular velocity
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The tilting and the cross tilting stiffness coefficients versus the angular velocity
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The axial and the tilting damping coefficients versus the angular velocity

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