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TECHNICAL PAPERS

A Review of Recent Approaches for Modeling Solid Third Bodies

[+] Author and Article Information
I. Iordanoff, Y. Berthier, S. Descartes

Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts UMR INSA-CNRS 5514, 20 Avenue Albert Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex

H. Heshmat

Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc., 1037 Watervliet-Shaker Road, Albany, NY 12205-3833

J. Tribol 124(4), 725-735 (Sep 24, 2002) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1467632 History: Received September 19, 2000; Revised September 25, 2001; Online September 24, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Godet,  M., 1984, “The Third Body Approach: A Mechanical View of Wear,” Wear, 100, pp. 437–452.
Berthier,  Y., Godet,  M., and Brendle,  M., 1989, “Velocity Accommodation in Friction,” Tribol. Trans., 32, pp. 490–496.
Berthier, Y., 1995, “Maurice Godet’s Third Body,” 22nd Leeds Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Elsevier Tribology series 31, pp. 21–30.
Heshmat,  H., Pinkus,  O., and Godet,  M., 1989, “On a Common Tribological Mechanism Between Interacting Surfaces,” Tribol. Trans., 32, pp. 32–41.
Ludema, K. C., 1995, “Third Body: Perspectives on Modeling in Lubricated Contacts, etc.,[[ellipsis]]: Following on the Concept of Dr. Maurice Godet,” 22nd Leeds Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Elsevier Tribology series 31, pp. 3–19.
Heshmat,  H., 1992, “The Quasi-Hydrodynamic Mechanism of Powder Lubrication. Part I: Lubricant Flow Visualisation,” Lubr. Eng., 48(2), pp. 96–104.
Descartes, S., 1997, “Lubrification Solide a Partir d’un Revètement de MoSx,” These de l’INSAL n°97ISAL0097.
Heshmat,  H., 1992, “The Quasi-Hydrodynamic Mechanism of Powder Lubrication. Part II: Lubricant Film Profile,” Lubr. Eng., 48(5), pp. 373–383.
Heshmat, H., 1991, “Development of Rheological Model for Powder Lubrication,” NASA Contractor Report CR-189043, Chap. 5.
Heshmat, H., and Brewe, D. E., 1993, “On the Cognitive Approach Toward Classification of Dry Triboparticulates,” 20th Leeds Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Elsevier, Tribology series No. 27, pp. 303–325.
Heshmat,  H., 1993, “Wear Reduction System for Coal-Fueled Diesel Engines, I. The Basics of Powder Lubrication,” Wear, 162-164, pp. 508–517.
Heshmat,  H., 1993, “Wear Reduction System for Coal-Fueled Diesel Engines, II. Experimental Results and Hydrodynamic Model of Powder Lubrication,” Wear, 162-164, pp. 518–528.
Heshmat, H., 1993, “On the Theory of Quasi-Hydrodynamic Lubrication with Dry Powder: Application to Development of High-Speed Journal Bearings for Hostile Environments,” 20th Leeds Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Elsevier, Tribology series no. 27, pp. 45–61.
Heshmat,  H., 1995, “The Quasi-Hydrodynamic Mechanism of Powder Lubrication. Part III: On Theory and Rheology of Triboparticulates,” Tribol. Trans., 38(2), pp. 269–276.
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Dai,  F., and Khonsari,  M. M., 1994, “On the Lubrication Mechanism of Grain Flows,” Tribol. Trans., 37(3), pp. 516–524.
McKeague,  K. T., and Khonsari,  M. M., 1996, “An Analysis of Powder Lubricated Slider Bearings,” ASME J. Tribol., 118, pp. 206–214.
McKeague,  K. T., and Khonsari,  M. M., 1996, “Generalized Boundary Interactions for Powder Lubricated Couette Flows,” ASME J. Tribol., 118, pp. 580–588.
Zhou,  L., and Khonsari,  M. M., 2000, “Flow Characteristics of a Powder Lubricant Sheared Between Parallel Plates,” ASME J. Tribol., 122, pp. 147–155.
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Yu,  C. M., Craig,  K., and Tichy,  J., 1994, “Granular Collision Lubrication,” J. Rheol., 38(4), pp. 921–936.
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Elrod, H. G., 1995, “Numerical Experiments With Flows of Elongated Granules—Part II,” 22nd Leeds Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Elsevier Tribology series 31, pp. 347–354.
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Figures

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Velocity accommodation mechanism
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Mode S2Mj (sliding) and S3M3 (shearing) for powder lubricated journal bearing: (a) initial position for sectors of powder; and (b) sectors of powder after 10 cycles
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S3M4 velocity accommodation with SiC
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S3M2 velocity accommodation with MoS2
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M3 and M4 accommodation for SiC
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Qualitative flows evolution during contact life, influence of humidity: (a) dry atmosphere at 24°C; and (b) wet atmosphere at 24°C
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Rheological law for sand (Hou et al. 26)
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Rheological law for a given pressure
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Geometry and nomenclature of a powder film
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Powder-lubricated multi-pad journal bearing and pressure profiles on pad for various eccentricity ratios with powder MoS2
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Quasi-solid behavior for TiO2 rutile powder with grain diameter of 100 nm: (a) influence of shear rate on shear stress; and (b) influence of shear strains on shear stress
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Quasi-hydrodynamic behavior for TiO2 rutile powder with grain diameter of 2 μM
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Experimental device used for I. Iordanoff experiments
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Experimental device used for H. Heshmat experiments
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Influence of the interface on the value of the limiting shear stress
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Plane first body surface after test: (a) rough surface after test; (b) smooth surface after test; and (c) gold surface after test
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Description of the different velocity accommodation modes: (a) velocity accommodation for rough surface; and (b) velocity accommodation for smooth surface with natural or artificial coating
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Building of a macroscopical simulation
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Influence of third body thickness on slipping at wall: (a) slipping at wall for low third body thickness; and (b) velocity repartition for high third body thickness
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Influence of a bridge formation on the instantaneous coefficient of friction
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Spherical particle shape and elongated particle shape
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Building of a granular simulation
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Field of validity for continuum and discrete approach
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Solid behavior obtained with the granular model

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