A Multi-Station Rolling/Sliding Tribotester for Knee Bearing Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
Douglas W. Van Citters, Francis E. Kennedy, John H. Currier, John P. Collier, Thomas D. Nichols

Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755

J. Tribol 126(2), 380-385 (Apr 19, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1645536 History: Received March 21, 2003; Revised September 18, 2003; Online April 19, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Weinstein, J., 2000, The Dartmouth Atlas of Musculoskeletal Health Care, AHA Press; Chicago, IL.
Blunn,  G. W., Joshi,  A. B., and Minns,  R. J., 1997, “Wear in Retrieved Condylar Knee Arthroplasties,” J. Arthroplasty, 12, p. 281.
Williams,  I. R., Mayor,  M. B., and Collier,  J. P., 1998, “The Impact of Sterilization Method on Wear in Knee Arthoplasty,” Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., pp. 170–180.
Kennedy,  F. E., Currier,  B. H., Van Citters,  D. W., Currier,  J. H., Collier,  J. P., and Mayor,  M. B., 2003, “Oxidation of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene and Its Influence on Contact Fatigue and Pitting of Knee Bearings,” Tribol. Trans., 46, pp. 111–118.
Collier,  J. P., Sperling,  D. K., Currier,  J. H., Sutula,  L. C., Saum,  K. A., and Mayor,  M. B., 1996, “Impact of Gamma Sterilization on Clinical Performance of Polyethylene in the Knee,” J. Arthroplasty, 11, pp. 377–389.
Daly,  B. M., and Yin,  J., 1998, “Subsurface Oxidation of Polyethylene,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 42, pp. 523–529.
Blanchet,  T. A., and Burroughs,  B. R., 2001, “Numerical Oxidation Model for Gamma Radiation-Sterilized UHMWPE: Consideration of Dose-Depth Profile,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 58, pp. 684–693.
Currier,  B. H., Currier,  J. H., Collier,  J. P., and Mayor,  M. B., 2000, “Effect of Fabrication Method and Resin Type on Performance of Tibial Bearings,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 53, pp. 143–151.
Buchanan,  F. J., Sim,  B., and Downes,  S., 1999, “Influence of Packaging Conditions on Properties of Gamma-Irradiated UHMWPE Following Accelerated Ageing and Shelf Ageing,” Biomaterials, 20(9), pp. 823–837.
Sun, D. C., Stark, C., and Dumbleton, J. H., 1996, “Development of an Accelerated Aging Method for Evaluation of Long-Term Irradiation Effects on Ultrahigh-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Implants,” in Irradiation of Polymers, R. L. Clough and S. W. Shalaby, eds., American Chemical Society, Washington D.C., pp. 340–349.
Currier,  J. H., Duda,  J. L., Collier,  J. P., Sperling,  D. K., Currier,  B. H., and Kennedy,  F. E., 1998, “In Vitro Simulation of Contact Fatigue Damage Found in UHMWPE Components of Knee Prostheses,” IMechE J. Of Engineering in Medicine,212H, pp. 293–302.
Young,  S., Keller,  T. S., Greer,  K. W., and Gorhan,  M. C., 2000, “Wear Testing of UHMWPE Tibial Components: Influence of Oxidation,” ASME J. Tribol., 122, pp. 323–331.
Kennedy, F. E., Currier, J. H., and Wong, B., 2001, “Tribotesting of Tibial Bearings of Knee Prostheses,” in Tribology Research: From Model Experiment to Industrial Problem, G. Dalmaz et al., eds., Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 371–379.
Barnett,  P. I., McEwen,  H. M. J., Auger,  D. D., Stone,  M. H., Ingham,  E., and Fisher,  J., 2002, “Investigation of Wear of Knee Prostheses in a New Displacement/Force-Controlled Simulator,” IMechE J. Of Engineering in Medicine,216H, pp. 51–61.
McNulty, D., 2002, “The Effect of Crosslinking UHMWPE on In Vitro Wear Rates of Fixed and Mobile Bearing Knees,” ASTM Symposium on Crosslinked and Thermally Treated Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethlene for Joint Replacements.
Walker,  P. S., Blunn,  G. W., and Lilley,  P. A., 1996, “Wear Testing of Materials and Surfaces for Total Knee Replacement,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 33, pp. 159–175.
Klapperich,  C., Komvopoulos,  K., and Pruitt,  L., 1999, “Tribological Properties and Microstructural Evolution of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene,” ASME J. Tribol., 121, pp. 394–402.
Saikko,  V., Ahlroos,  T., and Calonius,  O., 2001, “A Three-Axis Knee Wear Simulator With Ball-on-Flat Contact,” Wear, 249, pp. 310–315.
Kennedy, F. E., Lee, P. H., Feehan, J. P., and Collier, J. P., 1991, “Failure of UHMWPE Polymer Surfaces of Knee Prostheses: A Rolling Sliding Contact,” in Advances in Engineering Tribology, Y.-W. Chung and H. S. Cheng, eds., STLE SP-31, pp. 100–109.
Baker,  D. A., Hastings,  R. S., and Pruitt,  L., 1999, “Study of Fatigue Resistance of Chemical and Radiation Crosslinked Medical Grade Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 46(4), pp. 573–81.
Tetreault,  D. M., and Kennedy,  F. E., 1989, “Friction and Wear Behavior of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene on Co-Cr and Titanium Alloys in Dry and Lubricated Environments,” Wear, 133, pp. 295–307.
Bragdon,  C. R. , 2001, “A New Pin-on-Disk Wear Testing Method for Simulating Wear of Polyethylene on Cobalt-Chrome Alloy in Total Hip Arthroplasty,” J. Arthroplasty, 16(5), pp. 658–665.
Burroughs, B. R., and Blanchet, T. A., 2000, “Effects of Sliding Directionality and Countersurface Finish on Wear of Irradiated UHMWPE,” in Sixth World Biomaterials Congress, Society for Biomaterials, Minneapolis, MN.
Jalali-Vahid,  D. , 2001, “Prediction of Lubricating Film Thickness in UHMWPE Hip Joint Replacements,” J. Biomech., 34(2), pp. 261–266.
Saikko,  V., Calonius,  O., and Keranen,  J., 2001, “Effect of Counterface Roughness on the Wear of Conventional and Crosslinked Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene Studied With a Multi-Directional Motion Pin-on-Disk Device,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 57(4), pp. 506–512.
Saikko,  V., Ahlroos,  T., and Calonius,  O., 2001, “A Three-Axis Knee Wear Simulator With Ball-on-Flat Contact,” Wear, 249, pp. 310–315.
Sauer,  W. L., Weaver,  K. D., and Beals,  N. B., 1996, “Fatigue Performance of Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene: Effect of Gamma Radiation Sterilization,” Biomaterials, 17(20), pp. 1929–1935.
Yao, J. Q., 2002, “Improved Resistance to Wear, Delamination, and Posterior Loading of Electron Beam Irradiated, Melt Annealed Highly Crosslinked UHMWPE Knee Inserts,” ASTM Symposium on Crosslinked and Thermally Treated Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethlene for Joint Replacements, Nov. 5, 2002, Miami, FL.
Kennedy,  F. E., Currier,  J. H., Plumet,  S., Duda,  J. L., Gestwick,  D. P., Collier,  J. P., Currier,  B. H., and DuBourg,  M. C., 2000, “Contact Fatigue Failure of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Bearing Components of Knee Prostheses,” ASME J. Tribol., 122, pp. 332–339.
Reinholz,  A., Wimmer,  M. A., Morlock,  M. M., and Schneider,  E., 1998, “Analysis of the Coefficient of Friction as a Function of the Slide/Roll Ratio in Total Knee Replacement,” J. Biomech., 31, sup. 1, p. 8.
McGloughlin,  T., and Kavanagh,  A., 1998, “The Influence of Slip Ratios in Contemporary TKR on the Wear of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE): An Experimental View,” J. Biomech., 31, sup. 1, p. 8.
Hollman, J. H., Deusinger, R. H., Zou, D., and Matava, M. J., 2000, “Estimation of Knee Joint Surface Rolling/Gliding Kinematics via Instant Center of Rotating Measurement,” in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechancis, Chicago, IL, July 19–22, 2000.
Dumbleton, J. H., 1981, Tribology of Natural and Artificial Joints, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., Amsterdam.
Johnson, K. L., 1985, Contact Mechanics, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK.
Van Citters, D. W., 2003, Fatigue Failure of UHMWPE: The Development and Application of Novel Methods and Devices, M.S. thesis, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.
Hamrock, B. J., Jacobson, B., and Schmid, S. R., 1999, Fundamentals of Machine Elements, McGraw-Hill, New York.


Grahic Jump Location
CAD assembly model of the six-station tribotester design. The adjustable speed drive motor is at the left; it is connected to the upper and lower drive shafts through a crank-rocker mechanism and gearbox. Each of the test stations is loaded by its own pressure-regulated pneumatic cylinder.
Grahic Jump Location
Close-up view of CAD model of one test station. The UHMWPE cylinder is on the upper shaft, with a metallic cylinder on the lower shaft. The contact region is contained in a sealed fluid chamber.
Grahic Jump Location
Photograph of the completed six-station test machine
Grahic Jump Location
Failed UHMWPE cylinder after 387,000 cycles of testing. Subsurface crack is clearly visible.
Grahic Jump Location
Cross-section of UHMWPE cylinder shown in Fig. 4. The arrow points to the crack location, extending to a depth of 1200 μm.
Grahic Jump Location
Failed UHMWPE cylinder for which subsurface crack was allowed to propagate to the surface after 20,000 cycles
Grahic Jump Location
Typical oxidation profile of UHMWPE puck after accelerated aging. The peak oxidation occurs at a depth of 700–900 μm beneath the articular surface.
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of oxidation level (abs/abs) versus number of cycles before onset of subsurface fatigue crack for tests of UHMWPE cylinders run at a normal load of 667 N. Each point is the mean value for tests at each oxidation.
Grahic Jump Location
Plot of Von Mises stress magnitude calculated for all points within UHMWPE cylinder beneath the line contact with a metallic cylinder for a normal load of 667 N. The maximum Von Mises stress is 12 MPa.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of stress index (Von Mises stress/ultimate tensile strength) and oxidation index, for UHMWPE cylinder after accelerated aging and in contact with metallic cylinder under a normal load of 667 N




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In