0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Tribological and Nanomechanical Properties of Unmodified and Crosslinked Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene for Total Joint Replacements

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Zhou, A. Chakravartula, L. Pruitt

Department of Bioengineering

K. Komvopoulos

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720

J. Tribol 126(2), 386-394 (Apr 19, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1611511 History: Received February 19, 2003; Revised July 21, 2003; Online April 19, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Charnley,  J., 1961, “Arthroplasty of the Hip: A New Operation,” Lancet, 1, pp. 1129–1132.
Griffith,  M. J., Seidenstein,  M. K., Williams,  D., and Charnley,  J., 1978, “Socket Wear in Charnley Low Friction Arthroplasty of the Hip,” Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 137, pp. 37–47.
Lewis,  G., 1997, “Polyethylene Wear in Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasties,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., 38, pp. 55–75.
Xenos,  J. S., Hopkinson,  W. J., Callaghan,  J. J., Heekin,  R. D., and Savory,  C. G., 1995, “Osteolysis Around an Uncemented Cobalt Chrome Total Hip Arthroplasty,” Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 317, pp. 29–36.
Livingston,  B. J., Chmell,  M. J., Spector,  M., and Poss,  R., 1997, “Complications of Total Hip Arthroplasty Associated With the Use of an Acetabular Component With a Hylamer Liner,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 79A, pp. 1529–1538.
Toumbis,  C. A., Kronick,  J. L., Wooley,  P. H., and Nasser,  S., 1997, “Total Joint Arthroplasty and the Immune Response,” Seminars in Arthritis Rheum., 27(1), pp. 44–47.
Kurtz,  S. M., Muratoglu,  O. K., Evans,  M., and Edidin,  A. A., 1999, “Advances in the Processing, Sterilization, and Crosslinking of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene for Total Joint Arthroplasty,” Biomaterials, 20(18), pp. 1659–1688.
Li,  S., and Burstein,  A. H., 1994, “Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene. The Material and Its Use in Total Joint Implants,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 76A, pp. 1080–1090.
McKellop, H. A., 1998, “Wear Assessment,” in The Adult Hip, J. J. Callaghan, A. G. Rosenberg, and H. E. Rubash, eds., Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, PA.
Sauer, W. L., and Anthony, M. E., 1998, “Predicting the Clinical Wear Performance of Orthopaedic Bearing Surfaces,” Alternative Bearing Surfaces in Total Joint Replacement, J. J. Jacobs, and T. L. Craig, eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, p. 274.
Ainsworth,  R., Farling,  G., and Bardos,  D., 1977, “An Improved Bearing Material for Joint Replacement Prostheses: Carbon Fiber-Reinforced UHMW Polyethylene,” Transactions of Society for Biomaterials,3, p. 119.
Busanelli,  L., Squarzoni,  S., Brizio,  L., Tigani,  D., and Sudanese,  A., 1996, “Wear in Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polyethylene (Poly-Two) Knee Prostheses,” Chirurgia Delgi Organi di Movimento, 81, pp. 263–267.
Wright,  T. M., and Bartel,  D. L., 1986, “The Problem of Surface Damage in Polyethylene Total Knee Components,” Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 205, pp. 67–74.
Wright,  T. M., Rimnac,  C. M., Faris,  P. M., and Bansal,  M., 1988, “Analysis of Surface Damage in Retrieved Carbon Fiber-Reinforced and Plain Polyethylene Tibial Components From Posterior Stabilized Total Knee Replacements,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 70A, pp. 1312–1319.
Wright,  T. M., Astion,  D. J., Bansal,  M., Rimnac,  C. M., Green,  T., Insall,  J. N., and Robinson,  R. P., 1988, “Failure of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polyethylene Total Knee-Replacement Components. A Report of 2 Cases,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 70A, pp. 926–932.
Connelly,  G. M., Rimnac,  C. M., Wright,  T. M., Hertzberg,  R. W., and Manson,  J. A., 1984, “Fatigue Crack Propagation Behavior of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene,” J. Orthop. Res., 2, pp. 119–125.
McKellop,  H. A., Lu,  B., and Li,  S., 1992, “Wear of Acetabular Cups of Conventional and Modified UHMW Polyethylene Compared on a Hip Joint Simulator,” Transactions of Orthopaedic Research Society, 17, p. 356.
Shen,  F. W., McKellop,  H. A., and Salovey,  R., 1996, “Irradiation of Chemically Crosslinked Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene,” J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys., 34(6), pp. 1063–1077.
Jasty, M., Bragdon, C. R., O’Connor, D. O., Muratoglu, O. K., Premnath, V., Merrill, E. W., and Harris, W. H., 1997, “Marked Improvement in the Wear Resistance of a New Form of UHMWPE in a Physiologic Hip Simulator,” Proceedings 43rd Annual Meeting of Orthopaedic Research Society, San Francisco, CA, p. 785.
Edidin,  A. A., Pruitt,  L., Jewett,  C. W., Crane,  D. J., Roberts,  D., and Kurtz,  S. M., 1999, “Plasticity-Induced Damage Layer Is A Precursor to Wear in Radiation-Cross-Linked UHMWPE Acetabular Components for Total Hip Replacement,” J. Arthroplasty, 14(5), pp. 616–627.
Klapperich,  C., Komvopoulos,  K., and Pruitt,  L., 1999, “Tribological Properties and Microstructure Evolution of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene,” ASME J. Tribol., 121, pp. 394–402.
Kurtz,  S. M., Pruitt,  L. A., Jewett,  C. W., Foulds,  J. R., and Edidin,  A. A., 1999, “Radiation and Chemical Crosslinking Promote Strain Hardening Behavior and Molecular Alignment in Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene During Multi-Axial Loading Conditions,” Biomaterials, 20(16), pp. 1449–1462.
Komvopoulos, K., Klapperich, C., Pruitt, L., and Kaplan, S. L., 2002, “Plasma-Assisted Surface Modification of Polymers for Medical Device Applications,” U.S. Patent No. 6,379,741.
Bradford-Collons, L., Baker, D., Graham, J., Chawan, A., Ries, M., and Pruitt, L., 2002, “Crosslinked Polyethylene Shows Evidence of Wear and Fatigue: A Retrieval Study of Durasul Liners,” Proceedings 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Biomaterials, Tampa, FL, p. 609.
Klapperich,  C., Komvopoulos,  K., and Pruitt,  L., 1999, “Plasma Surface Modification of Medical-Grade Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene for Improved Tribological Properties,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 550, pp. 331–336.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Coefficient of friction versus sliding distance (cycles) of (a) unmodified (control) and (b) crosslinked (10 Mrad gamma radiation) UHMWPE pins slid against Co-Cr alloy in bovine serum preserved with 0.1 wt% sodium azide
Grahic Jump Location
ESEM images of unmodified UHMWPE surfaces obtained before testing ((a) region I and (b) region II) and after testing ((c) region I and (d) region II). (Regions I and II correspond to the microtomed (smooth) and as-machined (rough) regions, respectively. The arrow in (c) and (d) indicates the sliding direction.)
Grahic Jump Location
ESEM images of crosslinked UHMWPE surfaces obtained before testing ((a) region I and (b) region II) and after testing ((c) region I and (d) region II). (Regions I and II correspond to the microtomed (smooth) and as-machined (rough) regions, respectively. The arrow in (c) and (d) indicates the sliding direction.)
Grahic Jump Location
Delamination particle on the worn surface of unmodified UHMWPE
Grahic Jump Location
Cross-section TEM images of (a) unmodified and (b) crosslinked UHMWPE obtained before testing showing the presence of amorphous and crystalline (lamellae) domains
Grahic Jump Location
Near-surface TEM image of crosslinked UHMWPE obtained after testing showing restricted molecular alignment within nanodomains
Grahic Jump Location
Nanoindentation load versus depth response of (a) unmodified (control) and (b) crosslinked (10 Mrad gamma radiation) UHMWPE
Grahic Jump Location
Elastic stiffness versus depth response of (a) unmodified (control) and (b) crosslinked (10 Mrad gamma radiation) UHMWPE
Grahic Jump Location
Surface images of residual impressions on unmodified (left column) and crosslinked (right column, 10 Mrad gamma radiation) UHMWPE produced with maximurn indentation load equal to (a) and (d) 1 mN, (b) and (e) 5 mN, and (c) and (f) 10 mN
Grahic Jump Location
Change of indentation volume (creep) versus maximum indentation load for unmodified (control) and crosslinked (10 Mrad gamma radiation) UHMWPE
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of adhesion force with maximum indentation load for unmodified (control) and crosslinked (10 Mrad gamma radiation) UHMWPE

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In