0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Nanomechanical Properties of Aluminum 390-T6 Rough Surfaces Undergoing Tribological Testing

[+] Author and Article Information
Shaun R. Pergande, Andreas A. Polycarpou

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Thomas F. Conry

Department of General Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

J. Tribol 126(3), 573-582 (Jun 28, 2004) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1698949 History: Received February 24, 2003; Revised August 12, 2003; Online June 28, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Bhattacharya,  A. K., and Nix,  W. D., 1988, “Analysis of Elastic and Plastic Deformation Associated With Indentation Testing of Thin Films on Substrates,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 24(12), pp. 1287–1298.
Tsui,  T. Y., Vlassak,  J., and Nix,  W. D., 1999, “Indentation Plastic Displacement Field: Part II. The Case of Hard Films on Soft Substrates,” J. Mater. Res., 14(6), pp. 2204–2209.
Bhushan, B., 1999, Handbook of Micro/Nanotribology, second edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Williams, S. R., 1942, Hardness and Hardness Measurements, American Society of Metals, Cleveland, OH.
Oliver,  W. C., and Pharr,  G. M., 1992, “An Improved Technique for Determining Hardness and Elastic Modulus Using Load and Displacement Sensing Indentation Experiments,” J. Mater. Res., 7(6), pp. 1564–1582.
Lu,  W., and Komvopoulos,  K., 2001, “Nanomechanical and Nanotribological Properties of Carbon, Chromium, and Titanium Carbide Ultrathin Films,” ASME J. Tribol., 123, pp. 717–724.
Klapperich,  C., Komvopoulos,  K., and Pruitt,  L., 2001, “Nanomechanical Properties of Polymers Determined From Nanoindentation Experiments,” ASME J. Tribol., 123, pp. 624–631.
Komvopoulos,  K., and Ye,  N., 2001, “Three-Dimensional Contact Analysis of Elastic-Plastic Layered Media With Fractal Surface Topographies,” ASME J. Tribol., 123, pp. 632–640.
Bobji,  M. S., and Biswas,  S. K., 1999, “Deconvolution of Hardness From Data Obtained From Nanoindentation of Rough Surfaces,” J. Mater. Res., 14(6), pp. 2259–2268.
Sawa,  T., Akiyama,  Y., Shimamoto,  A., and Tanaka,  K., 1999, “Nanoindentation of a 10 nm Thick Thin Film,” J. Mater. Res., 14(6), pp. 2228–2232.
Dyson,  A., 1975, “Scuffing—A Review, Part I,” Tribol. Int., 8, pp. 117–125.
Cutiongco,  E. C., and Chung,  Y.-W., 1994, “Prediction of Scuffing Failure Based on Competitive Kinetics of Oxide Formation and Removal: Application to Lubricated Sliding of AISI 52100 Steel on Steel,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 37, pp. 622–628.
Blok, H., 1937, “Theoretical Study of Temperature Rise at Surfaces of Actual Contact Under Oiliness Conditions,” Inst. Mech. Eng. General Discussion on Lubrication, 2 , pp. 222–235.
Rapoport,  L. S., Parshutin,  V. V., and Petrov,  Yu. N., 1987, “The Influence of Temperature on the Deformation and Fracture of an LiF Single Crystal Subjected to Friction and Wear,” Wear, 116, pp. 225–236.
Rashid,  M., and Seireg,  A., 1987, “Heat Partition and Transient Temperature Distribution in Layered Concentrated Contacts: Part I—Theoretical Model,” ASME J. Tribol., 109, pp. 487–495.
Tian,  X., and Kennedy,  F. E., 1993, “Temperature Rise at the Sliding Contact Interface for a Coated Semi-Infinite Body,” ASME J. Tribol., 115, pp. 1–9.
Cavatorta,  M. P., and Cusano,  C., 2000, “Running-in of Aluminum/Steel Contacts Under Starved Lubrication, Part II: Effects on Scuffing,” Wear, 242, pp. 133–139.
Sheiretov,  T., Yoon,  H., and Cusano,  C., 1998, “Scuffing Under Dry Sliding Conditions: Part I—Experimental Studies,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 41, pp. 435–446.
Yoon,  H., Sheiretov,  T., and Cusano,  C., 2000, “Scuffing Behavior of 390 Aluminum Against Steel Under Starved Lubrication Conditions,” Wear, 237(2), pp. 163–175.
Patel, J. J., 2001, “Investigation of the Scuffing Mechanism Under Starved Lubrication Conditions Using Macro, Meso, Micro and Nano Analytical Techniques,” M.S. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL.
Vander Voort, G., 1999, “Preparation of Cast Aluminum-Silicon Alloys,” Tech—Notes: Using Microstructural Analysis to Solve Practical Problems, 3 (2), Buehler Inc., Lake Bluff, IL.
Suh,  A. Y., Polycarpou,  A. A., and Conry,  T. F., 2003, “Detailed Surface Roughness Characterization of Engineering Surfaces Undergoing Tribological Testing Leading to Scuffing,” Wear, 255, pp. 556–568.
Pergande, S. R., 2001, “Use of Nano-Indentation and Nano-Scratch Techniques to Investigate Near Surface Material Properties Associated With Scuffing of Engineering Surfaces,” M.S. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
E-140-97, 2000, ASTM Annual Book of Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 282, 296.
Walpole, R. E., Myers, R. H., and Myers, S. L., 1998, Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists, Prentice Hall, NJ.
Archard,  J. F., 1953, “Contact of Rubbing Surfaces and Flat Surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys., 24, pp. 981–988.
Dowling, N. E., 1999, Mechanical Behavior of Materials: Engineering Methods for Deformation, Fracture, and Fatigue, Second Edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ, pp. 50.
Naghavi,  N., Rougier,  A., Marcel,  C., Guery,  C., Leriche,  J. B., and Tarascon,  J. M., 2000, “Characterization of Indium Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition Using a Zn3In2O6 Target,” Thin Solid Films, 360, pp. 233–240.
Doerner,  M. F., and Nix,  W. D., 1986, “A Method of Interpreting the Data From Depth-Sensing Indentation Instruments,” J. Mater. Res., 4, pp. 601–609.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
52100 steel pin sample: (a) photograph of contacting surface; (b) profile of contacting surface
Grahic Jump Location
Al390-T6 scuffed disk sample: (a) photograph showing the overall wear track; (b) 50× magnification SEM image showing the primary wear track
Grahic Jump Location
Surface microstructure of Al390-T6 disk sample: (1) silicon grains; (2) silicon-rich SiAl compound; (3) mix of Al, Fe, Mn, Cu and Ni; (4) CuAl compound; (5) aluminum matrix
Grahic Jump Location
Silicon “100” nanoindentation load-displacement curves, 90 deg cube corner tip
Grahic Jump Location
Silicon “100” nanoindentation data: (a) hardness; (b) reduced elastic modulus
Grahic Jump Location
Average Vickers hardness values for all samples
Grahic Jump Location
Cross-section SEM images of scuffed Al390-T6 surface: (1) silicon grains; (2) silicon-rich SiAl compound; (5) aluminum matrix; (6) Blotchy area; (a) 50 μm scale, (b) 3 μm scale
Grahic Jump Location
Nanoindentation on Al390-T6 sample (virgin surface) using 90 deg cube corner tip: (a) typical AFM image of residual nanoindentation mark; (b) typical load-displacement curves
Grahic Jump Location
Nanomechanical properties of virgin Al390-T6 versus contact depth: (a) hardness; (b) reduced elastic modulus
Grahic Jump Location
Hardness versus depth of Al390-T6 over multiple length scales, virgin surface: The nanoindentation data are plotted versus contact depth, hc, and the Vickers and Rockwell B data are plotted versus residual depth
Grahic Jump Location
Nanoindentation hardness versus contact depth of scuffed Al390-T6 surface
Grahic Jump Location
Nanoindentation hardness-to-depth linear trend lines for all Al390-T6 samples
Grahic Jump Location
Typical nanoindentation load-displacement curve and associated parameters

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In