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RESEARCH PAPERS

Cage Instabilities in Cylindrical Roller Bearings

[+] Author and Article Information
Niranjan Ghaisas, Carl R. Wassgren, Farshid Sadeghi

585, Purdue Mall, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1288

J. Tribol 126(4), 681-689 (Nov 09, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1792674 History: Received September 09, 2003; Online November 09, 2004; Revised May 02, 2006
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Kingsbury,  E. P., 1965, “Torque Variations in Instrument Ball Bearings,” ASLE Trans., 8, pp. 435–441.
Kingsbury,  E. P., 1994, “Motions of an Unstable Retainer in an Instrument Ball Bearing,” ASME J. Tribol., 116, pp. 202–208.
Kannel,  J. W., and Bupara,  S. S., 1978, “A Simplified Model of Cage Motion in Angular Contact Bearings Operating in the EHD Lubrication Regime,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 100, pp. 395–403.
Boesiger,  E. A., Donley,  A. D., and Loewenthal,  S., 1992, “An Analytical and Experimental Investigation of Ball Bearing Retainer Instabilities,” ASME J. Tribol., 114, pp. 530–539.
Gupta,  P. K., 1979, “Dynamics of Rolling Element Bearings Part I: Cylindrical Roller Bearing Analysis,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 101, pp. 293–304.
Gupta, P. K., 1984, Advanced Dynamics of Rolling Elements, Springer-Verlag, New York.
Gupta,  P. K., Dill,  J. F., and Bandow,  H. E., 1985, “Dynamics of Rolling Element Bearings: Experimental Validation of the DREB and RAPIDREB Computer Programs,” ASME J. Tribol., 107, pp. 132–137.
Gupta,  P. K., 1988, “Frictional Instabilities in Ball Bearings,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 31, pp. 258–268.
Gupta, P. K., 1989, Traction Modeling of Military Lubricants, Tech. Report WRDC-TR-89-2064, Wright Research and Development Center, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH.
Gupta,  P. K., 1990, “On the Frictional Instabilities in a Cylindrical Roller Bearing,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 33, pp. 395–401.
Gupta,  P. K., 1991, “Modeling of Instabilities Induced by Cage Clearances in Ball Bearings,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 34, pp. 93–99.
Gupta,  P. K., 1991, “Modeling of Instabilities Induced by Cage Clearances in Cylindrical Roller Bearings,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 34, pp. 1–8.
Gupta,  P. K., 1991, “Cage unbalance and wear in ball bearings,” Wear, 147, pp. 93–104.
Gupta,  P. K., 1991, “Cage unbalance and wear in roller bearings,” Wear, 147, pp. 105–118.
Harris,  T. A., 1966, “An Analytical Method to Predict Skidding in High Speed Roller Bearings,” ASLE Trans., 9, pp. 229–241.
Poplawski,  J. V., 1972, “Slip and Cage Forces in a High-Speed Roller Bearing,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 94, pp. 143–152.
Rumbarger,  J. H., Filetti,  E. G., and Gubernick,  D., 1973, “Gas Turbine Engine Mainshaft Roller Bearing-System Analysis,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 95, pp. 401–416.
Chang,  L., Cusano,  C., and Conry,  T. F., 1990, “Analysis of High-Speed Cylindrical Roller Bearings Using a Full Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Model Part 1: Formulation,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 33, pp. 274–284.
Chang,  L., Cusano,  C., and Conry,  T. F., 1990, “Analysis of High-Speed Cylindrical Roller Bearings Using a Full Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Model Part 2: Results,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 33, pp. 274–284.
Ghaisas, N. V., 2003, Dynamics of Cylindrical and Tapered Roller Bearings Using the Discrete Element Method, MS thesis, School of Mech. Eng., Purdue University, W. Lafayette, IN.
Palmgren, A., 1945, Ball and Roller Bearing Engineering, S. H. Burbank & Co, Philadelphia, pp. 40–43, Chap. 2.
Schnell, T. J., 1989, Traction Measurements in Elastohydrodynamic Contacts, MS thesis, School of Mech. Eng., Purdue University, W. Lafayette, IN.
Smith,  R. L., Walowit,  J. A., and McGrew,  J. M., 1973, “Elastohydrodynamic Traction Coefficients of 5P4E Polyphenyl Ether,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 95, pp. 353–362.
Walowit,  J. A., and Smith,  R. L., 1976, “Traction Characteristics of MIL-L-7808 Oil,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 98, pp. 607–612.
Gupta,  P. K., Flamand,  L., Berthe,  D., and Godet,  M., 1981, “On the Traction Behavior of Several Lubricants,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 103, pp. 55–64.
Kannel,  J. W., and Walowit,  J. A., 1971, “Simplified Analysis for Tractions Between Rolling-Sliding Elastohydrodynamic Contacts,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 93, pp. 39–46.
Trachman,  E. G., 1978, “A Simplified Technique for Predicting Traction in Elastohydrodynamic Contacts,” ASLE Trans., 21, pp. 53–62.

Figures

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DBM model for friction coefficient as a function of slip velocity
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Geometric clearances in an inner-race guided cylindrical roller bearing
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Cage center-of-mass orbits for a 0 μm internal clearance
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Cage center-of-mass orbits for a 20 μm internal clearance
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Cage instability versus clearance ratio for varying internal clearance
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A schematic demonstrating the Kingsbury cage-whirl model 2. (a) and (b) show the cage at two whirl positions separated by 90°
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Cage-race normal forces for a 0 μm internal clearance
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Ratio of standard deviation of cage-race normal force to the mean force versus clearance ratio
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Frequency content of the cage-race normal forces shown in Fig. 7
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Cage instability versus clearance ratio for varying internal clearance with 1 mrad inner-race misalignment.
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Cage instability versus clearance ratio for varying internal clearance (inner-race rotational speed is 10,000 rpm)
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Cage center-of-mass orbits for a 7.5 μm internal clearance (inner-race rotational speed is 10,000 rpm)
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Cage instability versus clearance ratio for varying internal clearance with one roller radius 0.3% larger than the others
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The inner-race center-of-mass trajectory for a no-internal-clearance bearing (left) with all rollers of the same size and (right) with one roller of radius 0.3% larger than the others. Note that the scales of the figures are different.
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The inner-race center-of-mass trajectory with one roller of radius 0.3% larger than the others for four internal clearances. Note that the scales of the figures are different.
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Cage instability versus clearance ratio for varying internal clearance with one roller radius 0.3% smaller than the others
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The inner-race center-of-mass trajectory for a no-internal-clearance bearing (left) with all rollers of the same size and (right) with one roller of radius 0.3% smaller than the others. Note that the scales of the figures are different.

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