Static and dynamic characteristics of externally pressurized gas journal bearings with four supply orifices positioned at the central cross section for rotating shaft displacements near the bearing center are investigated. Results for transfer functions and for gas-film coefficients derived using the developed mathematical model are compared with the results derived from numerical computations of a nonlinear distributed parameter model of the gas bearings. Averaging and corrective coefficients are elaborated. The results obtained demonstrate that analytical data are in good agreement with the numerical data for the wide range of parameters and the mathematical model developed makes the simple calculation of static and dynamic characteristics of this type of externally pressurized gas bearings possible. Derived analytical relations for transfer functions and for gas-film coefficients of gas bearings provide an efficient means for designing rotor-bearing systems.