Research Papers: Contact Mechanics

A Review of Rolling Contact Fatigue

[+] Author and Article Information
Farshid Sadeghi

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907sadeghi@ecn.purdue.edu

Behrooz Jalalahmadi

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907bjalalah@purdue.edu

Trevor S. Slack

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907tslack@purdue.edu

Nihar Raje

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907nraje@purdue.edu

Nagaraj K. Arakere

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611nagaraj@ufl.edu

J. Tribol 131(4), 041403 (Sep 24, 2009) (15 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3209132 History: Received January 06, 2009; Revised July 15, 2009; Published September 24, 2009

Ball and rolling element bearings are perhaps the most widely used components in industrial machinery. They are used to support load and allow relative motion inherent in the mechanism to take place. Subsurface originated spalling has been recognized as one of the main modes of failure for rolling contact fatigue (RCF) of bearings. In the past few decades a significant number of investigators have attempted to determine the physical mechanisms involved in rolling contact fatigue of bearings and proposed models to predict their fatigue lives. In this paper, some of the most widely used RCF models are reviewed and discussed, and their limitations are addressed. The paper also presents the modeling approaches recently proposed by the authors to develop life models and better understanding of the RCF.

Copyright © 2009 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Subsurface cracks in rolling contact fatigue (14)

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Figure 2

Mechanism of surface initiated pitting (16)

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Figure 3

Stress history at a subsurface point in a Hertzian line contact

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Figure 4

Stressed volume in the Lundberg–Palmgren theory (33)

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Figure 5

Comparison between the Lundberg–Palmgren (33) and Ioannides–Harris theories (37)

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Figure 6

Subsurface inclusions in bearing steel AISI-52100 (71)

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Figure 7

Formation of butterflies around nonmetallic inclusion under rolling contact: (a) bearing steel AISI-52100 (78), and (b) bearing steel M50 074A (79)

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Figure 8

Cross section of M50 Bearing 216 slightly past the spalled area showing slip bands: (a) circumferential cross section, and (b) circumferential cross section at higher magnification (79)

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Figure 9

(a) Discrete representation of the semi-infinite domain forming the bearing line contact; (b) zoomed view

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Figure 10

(a) Interelement contact in the discrete model; (b) fiber model

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Figure 11

Life distributions in the presence of variable number of flaws

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Figure 12

Effect of internal flaws on (a) L10 life and (b) Weibull slope e

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Figure 13

Degradation of joint stiffnesses with damage accumulation: (a) normal direction and (b) tangential direction

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Figure 14

Formation of subsurface initiated spall through microcrack initiation and coalescence: (a) first microcrack initiated (11.84×106 cycles), (b) multiple microcracks initiated (14.83×106 cycles), and (c) multiple crack coalescence and spall formation (123.25×106 cycles)

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Figure 15

Weibull life plots for different material domains with constant material properties

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Figure 16

Variation of L10 life with contact pressure

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Figure 17

The comparison between two life equations using a probability of survival equal to 0.9



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