The characterization of frictional phenomena at the tool-chip-workpiece interface in metal cutting remains a challenge. This paper aims at identifying a friction model and a heat partition model at this interface during the dry cutting of an AISI1045 steel with TiN coated carbide tools. A new tribometer, based on a modified pin-on-ring system, has been used in order to reach relevant values of pressures, temperatures, and sliding velocities. Additionally a 3D Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian model (A.L.E.) numerical model simulating the frictional test has been developed in order to extract local parameters around the spherical pin, such as average contact pressure, average local sliding velocity, and average contact temperature, from experimental macroscopic measurements. A large range of sliding velocities [0.083–5 m/s] has been investigated. It has been shown that friction coefficient and heat partition coefficient are mainly dependant on local sliding velocity at the interface. Three friction regimes have been identified. These experimental and numerical results provide a better understanding of the tribological phenomena along the tool-chip-workpiece interfaces in dry machining of an AISI 1045 steel with a TiN coated carbide tool. Finally a new friction model and heat partition model has been developed for implementation in a numerical cutting model.