In order to investigate the size effect on elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) of roller pairs, complete numerical solutions for both the Newtonian fluid and the Eyring fluid thermal EHL problems of roller pairs under steady state conditions have been achieved. It can be seen that there is no size effect on the isothermal EHL performance; however, there is a very strong size effect on the thermal EHL performance. Results show that the term of shearing heat is the most important factor for the film temperature when the size of a contact changes. Comparison between the Newtonian solution and the Eyring solution has been made under some operating conditions. It is interesting to see that the effective viscosity of the Eyring fluid is nearly the same as that of the Newtonian fluid when the size of a contact is large enough. The non-Newtonian effect, therefore, can be ignored when the size of a contact is very large. It is equally interesting to see that the thermal effect can be ignored when the size of a contact is very small. In addition, the influence of the velocity parameter, the load parameter, and the slide-roll ratio on the lubricating performance for various sizes of contacts has been investigated.