0
Research Papers: Friction & Wear

Friction and Wear Mechanisms of Phenolic-Based Materials on High Speed Tribometer

[+] Author and Article Information
Damien Meresse

Research Engineer
e-mail: damien.meresse@univ-valenciennes.fr

Michel Watremez, Monica Siroux

Assistant Professor

Laurent Dubar

Professor

Souad Harmand

Professor
TEMPO Laboratory, University of Valenciennes,
Valenciennes, 59313, France

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received March 29, 2012; final manuscript received August 29, 2012; published online April 29, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Dae-Eun Kim.

J. Tribol 135(3), 031601 (Apr 29, 2013) (8 pages) Paper No: TRIB-12-1042; doi: 10.1115/1.4023803 History: Received March 29, 2012; Revised August 29, 2012

This work takes place in the understanding of the friction and wear mechanisms occurring in reinforced phenolic materials, widely used in organic braking pads. As the matrix is filled with a large variety of particles, the phenomena in the contact zone are complex and multiphysic. In a first approach the reinforcement is restricted to spherical steel particles with diameters in the range of the fibbers size. The influence of the sliding speed, the mean normal pressure and the contact temperature are examined and the benefits of using this kind of particle is as well discussed. The tribological tests are performed on a newly developed High Speed Tribometer designed to reproduce braking conditions. The results show that temperature is the most influential parameter, leading to a decrease of the friction coefficient. They further indicate that reinforcement pushes the loss of efficiency to a higher temperature. Optical observations and profilometer analysis show that the wear mechanisms are clearly dependent on friction conditions. These results improve our knowledge of wear debris formation and conditions leading to particle debonding in phenolic matrix material.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Thevenet, J., Siroux, M., and Desmet, B., 2010, “Measurements of Brake Disc Surface Temperature and Emissivity by Two-Color Pyrometry,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 30(6–7), pp. 753–759. [CrossRef]
Cristol-bulthe, A., Desplanques, Y., Degallaix, G., and Berthier, Y., 2008, “Mechanical and Chemical Investigation of the Temperature Influence on the Tribological Mechanisms Occurring in OMC/cast Iron Friction Contact,” Wear, 264(9–10), p. 815–825. [CrossRef]
Mutlu, I., Eldogan, O., and Findik, F., 2006, “Tribological Properties of Some Phenolic Composites Suggested for Automotive Brakes,” Tribol. J., 39(4), pp. 317–325. [CrossRef]
Bijwe, J., Nidhi, D., Majumdar, N., and Satapathy, B., 2005, “Influence of Modified Phenolic Resins on the Fade and Recovery Behavior of Friction Materials,” Wear, 259(7–12), pp. 1068–1078. [CrossRef]
Cho, M., Ju, J., Kim, S., and Jang, H., 2006, “Tribological Properties of Solid Lubricants (graphite, Sb2S3, MoS2) for Automotive Brake Friction Materials,” Wear, 260(7–8), pp. 855–860. [CrossRef]
Jang, H., Ko, K., Kim, S., Basch, R., and Fash, J., 2004, “The Effect of Metal Fibers on the Friction Performance of Automotive Brake Friction Materials,” Wear, 256(3–4), pp. 406–414. [CrossRef]
Lu, Y., 2006, “A Combinatorial Approach for Automotive Friction Materials: Effects of Ingredients on Friction Performance,” Compos. Sci. Technol., 66(3–4), p. 591–598. [CrossRef]
Eriksson, M., and Jacobson, S., 2000, “Tribological Surfaces of Organic Brake Pads,” Tribol. Int., 33(12), pp. 817–827. [CrossRef]
Ostermeyer, G., 2003, “On the Dynamics of the Friction Coefficient,” Wear, 254(9), pp. 852–858. [CrossRef]
Berthier, Y., Vincent, L., and Godet, M., 1988, “Velocity Accommodation in Fretting,” Wear, 125(1–2), pp. 25–38. [CrossRef]
Roussette, O., Desplanques, Y., and Degallaix, G., 2003, “Thermal Representativity of Tribological Reduced-Scale Testing,” C.R. Mec., 331(5), pp. 343–349. [CrossRef]
Newcomb, T. P., 1959, “Transient Temperatures Attained in Disk Brakes,” Br. J. Appl. Phys., 10(7), pp. 339–340. [CrossRef]
Meresse, D., Harmand, S., Siroux, M., Watremez, M., and Dubar, L., 2012. “Experimental Disc Heat Flux Identification on a Reduced Scale Braking System Using the Inverse Heat Conduction Method,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 48(0), pp. 202–210. [CrossRef]
Beck, J., and Blackwell, B., 1985, Inverse Heat Conduction: Ill-Posed Problems ( Wiley, New York, 1985).
Meresse, D., Siroux, M., Watremez, M., Dubar, L., and Harmand, S., 2010, “Thermal Study of Pin on Disc Sliding Contact in Automotive Braking Conditions,” In JEF2010, 6th European Conference on Braking.
Symmons, G., and Mcnulty, G., 1986, “Acoustic Output From Stick-Slip Friction,” Wear, 113(1), pp. 79–82. [CrossRef]
Persson, B., 2000, Sliding Friction: Physical Principles and Applications, Spinger-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 45–91.
Gurunath, P., and Bijwe, J., 2007, “Friction and Wear Studies on Brake-Pad Materials Based on Newly Developed Resin,” Wear, 263(7–12), pp. 1212–1219. [CrossRef]
Boyer, H., and Gall, T., Metals Handbook ( American Society for Metals, Metal Parks, Ohio, 1985).
Shengzu, W., Sabit, A., and Bor, Z., 1997, “Mechanical and Thermo-Mechanical Failure Mechanism Analysis of Fiber/Filler Reinforced Phenolic Matrix Composites,” Composites, Part B, 28(3), pp. 215–231.
Meresse, D., Siroux, M., Watremez, M., Harmand, S., and Dubar, L., 2011, “Estimation of Three-Dimensional Distribution of Heat Flux on the Pin Frictional Surface During a Pin on Disc Test,” AIP Conf. Proc., 1353(1), pp. 1137–1142. [CrossRef]
Tan, H., Liu, C., Huang, Y., and Geubelle, P., 2005. “The Cohesive Law for the Particle/Matrix Interfaces in High Explosives,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 53(8), pp. 1892–1917. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

High Speed Tribometer: pin on disc configuration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Typical friction test results

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Disc surface profile after machining procedure

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Sliding speed influence on friction coefficient

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Mean normal pressure influence on friction coefficient

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Temperature influence on friction coefficient

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Resin elastic modulus as a function of temperature

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Pure phenolic pin surfaces obtained using profilometer analysis

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Reinforced pin surfaces obtained using profilometer analysis

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

SEM observations of steel particles

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In