An integrated model is proposed for involute gear pair combining the mixed elastodhydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) theory for finite line contact with surface temperature rise equations considering tribo-dynamic loading behaviors. The film stiffness and viscous damping as well as the friction force are taken into account. The surface topography of tooth flank measured by 3D surface profiler is also included to solve the local temperature and pressure distribution in the contact area. The results show that the temperature distributions in different meshing positions along the line of action exhibit dissimilar characteristics due to the varying of dynamic load and the changing slip-to-roll ratio, which denotes the relationship between sliding velocity and rolling velocity on the tooth flank. Besides, the maximum of temperature is likely to appear at different sides of the gear tooth width as the gear pair meshes along the line of action. Moreover, with the increasing surface roughness, the ratio of asperity contacts becomes larger, so more heat generates from the contact area and leads to higher temperature rise.