Research Papers: Contact Mechanics

Thermal Stress Analysis of a Railway Wheel in Sliding-Rolling Motion

[+] Author and Article Information
Péter T. Zwierczyk

Budapest University of Technology and Economics,
Department of Machine and Product Design,
H-1111 Budapest,
Müegyetem rkp. 3, Hungary
e-mail: z.peter@gt3.bme.hu

Károly Váradi

Budapest University of Technology and Economics,
Department of Machine and Product Design,
H-1111 Budapest,
Müegyetem rkp. 3, Hungary
e-mail: varadik@eik.bme.hu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received August 31, 2013; final manuscript received April 23, 2014; published online May 12, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Xiaolan Ai.

J. Tribol 136(3), 031401 (May 12, 2014) (8 pages) Paper No: TRIB-13-1179; doi: 10.1115/1.4027544 History: Received August 31, 2013; Revised April 23, 2014

Our investigations aimed to model the thermal stress development between wheel and rail, caused by heat generation during braking, by coupled transient thermal and elastic-plastic FE simulations. Stresses are generated due to thermal expansion caused by local temperature rise and changes in temperature in case of one revolution of the wheel. Our investigations resulted in the fact that thermal expansion caused by heat generation and heat conduction induced considerable local stresses along the thread of the wheel ∼0.1–0.5 mm underneath the surface.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Handa, K., and Morimoto, F., 2012, “Influence of Wheel/Rail Tangential Traction Force on Thermal Cracking of Railway Wheels,” Wear, 289, pp. 112–118. [CrossRef]
Peng, D., Jones, R., and Constable, T., 2013, “An Investigation of the Influence of Rail Chill on Crack Growth in a Railway Wheel Due to Braking Loads,” Eng. Frac. Mech., 98, pp. 1–14. [CrossRef]
Wu, L., Wen, Z., Li, W., and Jin, X., 2011, “Thermo-Elastic-Plastic Finite Element Analysis of Wheel/Rail Sliding Contact,” Wear, 271, pp. 437–443. [CrossRef]
Handa, K., Kimura, Y., and Mishima, Y., 2010 “Surface Cracks Initiation on Carbon Steel Railway Wheels Under Concurrent Load of Continuous Rolling Contact and Cyclic Frictional Heat,” Wear, 268, pp. 50–58. [CrossRef]
Chen, W. W., and Wang, Q. J., 2008 “Thermomechanical Analysis of Elastoplastic Bodies in s Sliding Spherical Contact and the Effects of Sliding Speed, Heat Partition, and Thermal Softening,” ASME J. Tribol., 130(4), p. 041402. [CrossRef]
Knothe, K., and Liebelt, S., 1995, “Determination of Temperatures for Sliding Contact With Applications for Wheel-Rail Systems,” Wear, 189, pp. 91–99. [CrossRef]
Ertz, M., and Knothe, K., 2002, “A Comparison of Analytical and Numerical Methods for the Calculation of Temperatures in Wheel/Rail Contact,” Wear, 253, pp. 498–508. [CrossRef]
Blok, H., 1963, “The Flash Temperature Concept,” Wear, 6, pp. 483–494. [CrossRef]
Spiryagin, M., Lee, S. L., Yoo, H. H., Kashura, O., and Popov, S., 2010, “Numerical Calculation of Temperature in the Wheel-Rail Flange Contact and Implications for Lubricant Choice,” Wear, 268, pp. 287–293. [CrossRef]
Kennedy, T. C., Plengsaard, C., and Harder, R. F., 2006, “Transient Heat Partition Factor for a Sliding Railcar Wheel,” Wear, 261, pp. 932–936. [CrossRef]
Sundh, J., and Olofsson, U., 2011, “Relating Contact Temperature and Wear Transitions in a Wheel-Rail Contact,” Wear, 271, pp. 78–85. [CrossRef]
Gallardo-Hernandez, E. A., Lewis, R., and Dwyer-Joyce, R. S., 2006, “Temperature in a Twin-Disc Wheel/Rail Contact Simulation,” Tribol. Int., 39, pp.1653–1663. [CrossRef]
“Siemens Viaggio Classic – emotion@rail, RIC/UIC – Passenger Coach Platform,” retrieved date: February, 13 2013, http://www.mobility.siemens.com/mobility/global/SiteCollectionDocuments/en/rail-solutions/passenger-coaches/Viaggio_Classic_4Seiter_en.pdf
ANSYS V14.5 Program Help,” 2012, SAS IP, Inc., Canonsburg, PA.
Kragelszkij, I. V., and Vinogradova, I. E., 1961, “A Súrlódási Tényező,” ISBN, Müszaki Könyvkiadó, Budapest (in Hungarian).
Zwierczyk, P. T., and Váradi, K., 2014, “Frictional Contact FE Analysis in a Railway Wheel-Rail Contact,” Periodica Polytechnica-Mechanical Eng., 58. Available online at http://www.pp.bme.hu/me/article/view/7229
JohnsonK. L., 1984, Contact Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Hou, Z. B., and Komanduri, R.2000, “General Solutions for Stationary/Moving Plane Heat Source Problems in Manufacturing and Tribology,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 43, pp. 1679–1698. [CrossRef]
Néder, Z., Váradi, K., Mán, L., and Friedrich, K., 1999, “Numerical and Finite Element Contact Temperature Analysis of Steel-Bronze Real Surfaces in Dry Sliding Contact,” STLE Tribol. Trans., 42, pp. 453–462. [CrossRef]
Tian, X., and Kennedy, F. E., 1994, “Maximum and Avarage Flash Temperature in Sliding Contacts,” ASME J. Tribol., 116(1), pp. 167–174 [CrossRef]
Bódai, G., Váradi, K., Szücs, J., Szabó, A., and Zobory, I., 2012, “Thermal Simulation of a Pin on a Rotating Cylinder Jacket System,” Periodica Polytechnica-Mechanical Eng., 56, pp. 117–124. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Surface cracks on the wheel in the cross section [1]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

The geometric model, showing symmetry criteria

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Structure of segmented geometry (vertically drawn apart)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Structure of the FE mesh

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Method of entering heat flux into the FE model by indicating the direction of sliding

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Location of query lines used for the evaluation of results on the test model: St according to the direction of sliding, Sd in the direction of depth

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Positions of the moving heat sources at the moments of query, with the corresponding position and time date (the highlighted s coordinates indicate the center of the current position and the position of the query line Sd;)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Maximum temperature run-up in the modeled region (see Fig. 2) during the first revolution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Temperature distribution along query line St, at time moment t4 (first revolution). The gray background with the dashed lines indicates the momentary position of the contact area (see t4 in Fig. 7).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

(a) Temperature fall in function of time at the point of intersection of query lines St and Sd (first full revolution) and (b) Temperature fall in function of time at the point of intersection of query lines St and Sd (five revolutions)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

(a) Temperature distribution below the tread at noted moments of time and (b) temperature distribution below the tread at noted positions of revolution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

(a) Distribution of stress—in the direction of sliding—below the tread in noted moments of time and (b) Distribution of stress—in the direction of sliding—below the tread in noted positions of the revolution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Distribution of the stress component corresponding to the direction of sliding and the von Mises equivalent stress along query line St in t4 (first revolution). The gray background indicates the momentary position of the contact area.




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In