Technical Brief

Experimental Investigation of the Relationship Between Lubricants' Tribological Properties and Their Lubricating Performances in Cold Rolling

[+] Author and Article Information
Jianlin Sun

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
University of Science and Technology Beijing,
30 Xueyuan Road,
Haidian District,
Beijing 100083, China
e-mail: sjl@ustb.edu.cn

Meirong Yi, Qiao Sun

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
University of Science and Technology Beijing,
30 Xueyuan Road,
Haidian District,
Beijing 100083, China

Mingyu Lu

West Virginia University Institute of Technology,
Montgomery, WV 25136

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received January 18, 2013; final manuscript received January 23, 2014; published online March 25, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Zhong Min Jin.

J. Tribol 136(3), 034502 (Mar 25, 2014) (4 pages) Paper No: TRIB-13-1024; doi: 10.1115/1.4026886 History: Received January 18, 2013; Revised January 23, 2014

In this paper, three lubricants are tested by a four-ball tribo-tester and in a cold rolling process. Our experimental results show that the data from the four-ball tests and the cold rolling tests are generally consistent with each other, implying the tribological properties measured by a four-ball tribo-tester are able to indicate the lubricants' lubricating performance in cold rolling reasonably well. Nevertheless, our experimental results also reveal certain discrepancies between the data from the four-ball tests and cold rolling tests. Especially, the friction coefficients from the four-ball tests are always considerably smaller than their counterparts from the cold rolling tests. Based on our analysis, the friction coefficients measured by cold rolling tests appear to be a more reliable indicator for the lubricants' performance in cold rolling than the friction coefficients measured by the four-ball tests.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Pan, Q. H. and Zhang, X. F., 2010,”Synthesis and Tribological Behavior of Oil-Soluble Cu Nanoparticles as Additive in SF15W/40 Lubricating Oil,” Rare Metal Mater. Eng., 39(10), pp. 1711–1714. [CrossRef]
Spikes, H., 2001, “Tribology Research in the Twenty-First Century,” Tribol. Int., 34(12), pp. 789–799. [CrossRef]
Haque, T., Morina, A., and Neville, A., 2010, “Effect of Friction Modifiers and Antiwear Additives on the Tribological Performance of a Hydrogenated DLC Coating,” ASME J. Tribol., 132(3), p. 032101. [CrossRef]
Shui, L., Zhou, Y., and Zhang, G. R., 2012, “Tribological Characteristics of Three Novel Imidazoline-Type Thiadiazole Derivatives in Colza Oil and Synthetic Diester,” ASME J. Tribol., 134(3), p. 031802. [CrossRef]
Hernandez Battez, A., Gonzalez, R., and Felgueroso, D., 2007, “Wear Prevention Behavior of Nanoparticle Suspension Under Extreme Pressure Conditions,” Wear, 263(7–12), pp. 1568–1574. [CrossRef]
Chou, R., Hernandez Battez, A., and Cabello, J. J., 2005, “Tribological Behavior of Polyalphaolefin With the Addition of Nickel Nanoparticles,” Tribol. Int., 43(12), pp. 2327–2332. [CrossRef]
Bhattacharya, A. and Singhetal, T., 1995, “1, 3, 4-Thiadiazoles as Potential EP Additives—A Tribological Evaluation Using a Four-Ball Test,” Tribol. Int., 28(3), pp. 189–194. [CrossRef]
Louaisil, K., Dubar, M., and Deltombe, R., 2009, “Analysis of Interface Temperature, Forward Slip and Lubricant Influence on Friction and Wear in Cold Rolling,” Wear, 266(1), pp. 119–128. [CrossRef]
Zhu, G. K., 2008, “Several Test Methods to Assess Technological Performance of Lubricants,” Journal of University of Science and Technology Liaoning, 31(3–4), pp. 265–268 (in Chinese).
Piekoszewski, W., Szczerek, M., and Tuszynski, W., 2001, “The Action of Lubricants Under Extreme Pressure Conditions in a Modified Four-Ball Tester,” Wear, 249(3–4), pp. 188–193. [CrossRef]
Wang, Y. Z., Sun, J. L., Wang, B., and Zhu, G. P., 2010, “Tribological Properties of Nano-Fe3O4 as Additive in Cold Rolling Emulsion for Steel Strip,” Tribology, 30(6), pp. 572–576 (in Chinese).
Li, E. B., Tieu, A. K., and Yuen, W. Y. D., 2003, “Forward Slip Measurements in Cold Rolling by Laser Doppler Velocimetry: Uncertainty Analysis and Accuracy Improvement,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 133(3), pp. 348–352. [CrossRef]
Roberts, W. L., 1978, Cold Rolling of Steel, CRC, Boca Raton, FL.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

The average rolling force measured in cold rolling tests with three lubricants

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

The schematic drawing of measuring the friction coefficient by the forward slip method

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Rolling forces with three lubricants: (a) no additive, (b) additive SCO, and (c) additive BECN

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Optical micrographs of the wear scars on steel balls with three lubricants: (a) no additive, (b) additive SCO, and (c) additive BECN



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In