The paper discusses the research on foil bearings with antifriction coating manufactured from synthetic materials. The tests were carried out on a special test stand of our own construction, designed with the use of numerical analysis. In the course of the experimental studies, the test stand was set up in two configurations: with one or two foil bearings. The measurements were done, which focused on temperature distributions with the aid of thermocouples and thermovision camera. The measurements were being performed under varying conditions of bearing operation. The conducted experiments permitted to verify the durability, thermal characteristics, and dynamic performance of foil bearings in different configurations. An original method to measure temperature of a top foil has been worked out.