0
Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Wear Characteristics of Conventional and Squeeze-Film Artificial Hip Joints

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Boedo, S. A. Coots

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Rochester Institute of Technology,
Rochester, NY 14623

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received June 5, 2015; final manuscript received August 17, 2016; published online November 22, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Zhong Min Jin.

J. Tribol 139(3), 031603 (Nov 22, 2016) (10 pages) Paper No: TRIB-15-1185; doi: 10.1115/1.4034528 History: Received June 05, 2015; Revised August 17, 2016

This paper investigates the wear characteristics of a novel squeeze-film hip implant design. Key features of the design are elastic elements attached to the cup which provide a mechanical means for ball separation during the swing phase of the gait loading cycle. An Archard-based wear formulation was implemented utilizing the ansys finite element analysis program which relates contact pressure and sliding distance to linear wear depth. It is found that low-modulus elastic elements with bonded high-modulus metal coatings offer significant predicted improvement in linear and volumetric wear rates when compared with conventional implant geometries for gait cycle loading and kinematic conditions found in practice.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Wear , Design , Cycles , Stress
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Ingham, E. , and Fisher, J. , 2005, “ The Role of Macrophages in Osteolysis of Total Joint Replacement,” Biomaterials, 26(11), pp. 1271–1286. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Firkins, P. J. , Tipper, J. L. , Saadatzadeh, M. R. , Ingham, E. , Stone, M. H. , Farrar, R. , and Fisher, J. , 2001, “ Quantitative Analysis of Wear and Wear Debris From Metal-on-Metal Hip Prostheses Tested in a Physiological Hip Joint Simulator,” Biomed. Mater. Eng., 11(2), pp. 143–157. [PubMed]
Catelas, I. , Medley, J. B. , Campbell, P. A. , Huk, O. L. , and Bobyn, J. D. , 2004, “ Comparison of In Vitro With In Vivo Characteristics of Wear Particles From Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., Part B, 70B(2), pp. 167–178. [CrossRef]
Feder, B. J. , 2008, “ That Must Be Bob. I Hear His New Hip Squeaking,” The New York Times, May 11, epub.
Boedo, S. , and Booker, J. F. , 2014, “ A Novel Elastic Squeeze Film Total Hip Replacement,” ASME J. Tribol., 136, p. 011101. [CrossRef]
Boedo, S. , Booker, J. F. , and Coots, S. A. , 2013, “ Swing Phase Lubrication Analysis of a Novel Artificial Hip Joint,” ASME Paper No. IMECE 2013-64356.
Unsworth, A. , 1975, “ Cavitation in Human Joints,” Cavitation and Related Phenomena in Lubrication, D. Dowson , M. Godet, and C. M. Taylor, eds., Mechanical Engineering Publications, London, pp. 119–127.
Maxian, T. A. , Brown, T. D. , Pedersen, D. R. , and Callaghan, J. J. , 1996, “ A Sliding-Distance-Coupled Finite Element Formulation for Polyethylene Wear in Total Hip Arthroplasty,” J. Biomech., 29(5), pp. 687–692. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Wang, F. C. , and Jin, Z. M. , 2007, “ Effect of Non-Spherical Bearing Geometry on Transient Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication in Metal-on-Metal Hip Joint Implants,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part J, 221(3), pp. 379–389. [CrossRef]
Wang, F. C. , Zhao, S. X. , Felix Quinonez, A. , Xu, H. , Mei, X. S. , and Jin, Z. M. , 2009, “ Nonsphericity of Bearing Geometry and Lubrication in Hip Joint Replacements,” ASME J. Tribol., 131(3), p. 031201. [CrossRef]
Archard, J. F. , 1953, “ Contact and Rubbing of Flat Surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys., 24(8), pp. 981–988. [CrossRef]
Mattei, L. , Di Puccio, F. , and Ciulli, E. , 2013, “ A Comparative Study of Wear Laws for Soft-on-Hard Hip Implants Using a Mathematical Wear Model,” Tribol. Int., 63, pp. 66–77. [CrossRef]
Maxian, T. A. , Brown, T. D. , Pedersen, D. R. , and Callaghan, J. J. , 1996, “ Adaptive Finite Element Modeling of Long-Term Polyethylene Wear in Total Hip Arthroplasty,” J. Orthop. Res., 14(4), pp. 668–675. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Kang, L. , Galvin, A. L. , Jin, Z. M. , and Fisher, J. , 2006, “ A Simple Fully Integrated Contact-Coupled Wear Prediction for Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Hip Implants,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part H, 220(1), pp. 33–46. [CrossRef]
Patten, E. W. , Van Citters, D. V. , Ries, M. D. , and Pruitt, L. A. , 2013, “ Wear of UHMWPE From Sliding, Rolling, and Rotation in a Multidirectional Tribo-System,” Wear, 304, pp. 60–66. [CrossRef]
Wang, A. , Essner, A. , and Klein, R. , 2001, “ Effect of Contact Stress on Friction and Wear of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene in Total Hip Replacement,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part H, 215, pp. 133–139. [CrossRef]
Liu, F. , Galvin, A. , Jin, Z. , and Fisher, J. , 2011, “ A New Formulation for the Prediction of Polyethylene Wear in Artificial Hip Joints,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part H, 225(1), pp. 16–24. [CrossRef]
Mischler, S. , and Muñoz, A. I. , 2013, “ Wear of CoCrMo Alloys Used in Metal-on-Metal Hip Joints,” Wear, 297, pp. 1081–1094. [CrossRef]
Streicher, R. M. , and Schoen, R. , 1991, “ Tribological Behaviour of Various Materials and Surfaces Against Polyethylene,” Trans. 17th Soc. Biomaterials, 14, p. 289.
Mattei, L. , and Di Puccio, F. , 2013, “ Wear Simulation of Metal-on-Metal Hip Replacements With Frictional Contact,” ASME J. Tribol., 135(2), p. 021402. [CrossRef]
Coots, S. A. , 2014, “ Lubrication and Wear Analysis of a Novel Squeeze-Film Artificial Hip Joint,” M.S. thesis, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY.
ISO, 2002, “ Implants for Surgery—Wear of Total Hip-Joint Prostheses—Part 1: Loading and Displacement Parameters for Wear Testing Machines and Corresponding Environmental Conditions for Test,” International Standards Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard No. ISO 14242-1.
Brand, R. A. , Pedersen, D. R. , Davy, D. W. , Kotzar, G. M. , Heiple, K. G. , and Goldberg, V. M. , 1994, “ Comparison of Hip Force Calculations and Measurements in the Same Patient,” J. Arthroplasty, 9(1), pp. 45–51. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Matthies, A. , Underwood, R. , Cann, P. , Ilo, K. , Nawaz, Z. , and Skinner, J. , 2011, “ Retrieval Analysis of 240 Metal-on-Metal Hip Components, Comparing Modular Total Hip Replacement With Hip Resurfacing,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 93-B, pp. 307–314. [CrossRef]
Underwood, R. , Matthies, A. , Cann, P. , Skinner, A. , and Hart, A. J. , 2011, “ A Comparison of Explanted Articular Surface Replacement and Birmingham Hip Resurfacing Components,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 93-B, pp. 1169–1177. [CrossRef]
Morlock, M. M. , Bishop, N. , Zustin, J. , Hahn, M. , Ruther, W. , and Amling, M. , 2008, “ Modes of Implant Failure After Hip Resurfacing: Morphological and Wear Analysis of 267 Retrieval Specimens,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 90-A(Supp. 3), pp. 89–95. [CrossRef]
Ebramzadeh, E. , Campbell, P. A. , Takamura, K. M. , Lu, Z. , Sangiorgio, S. N. , and Kalma, J. J. , 2011, “ Failure Modes of 433 Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants: How, Why, and Wear,” Orthop. Clin. North Am., 42, pp. 241–250. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Livermore, J. , Ilstrup, D. , and Morrey, B. , 1990, “ Effect of Femoral Head Size on Wear of the Polyethylene Acetabular Component,” J. Bone Jt. Surg., 72-A(4), pp. 518–528. [CrossRef]
Koseki, H. , Shindo, H. , Baba, K. , Fujikawa, T. , Sakai, N. , and Sawae, Y. , 2008, “ Surface-Engineered Metal-on-Metal Bearings Improve the Friction and Wear Properties of Local Area Contact in Total Joint Arthroplasty,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 202(19), pp. 4775–4779. [CrossRef]
Fisher, J. , Hu, X. Q. , Tipper, J. L. , Stewart, T. D. , Williams, S. , and Stone, M. H. , 2002, “ An In Vitro Study of the Reduction in Wear of Metal-on-Metal Hip Prostheses Using Surface Engineered Femoral Heads,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part H, 216(4), pp. 219–230. [CrossRef]
Fisher, J. , Hu, X. Q. , Stewart, T. D. , Williams, S. , Tipper, J. L. , and Ingham, E. , 2004, “ Wear of Surface Engineered Metal-on-Metal Hip Prostheses,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Med., 15(3), pp. 225–235. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Samyn, P. , Van Schepdael, L. , Leendertz, J. S. , Gerber, A. , Van Paepegem, W. , De Baets, P. , and Degrieck, J. , 2006, “ Large-Scale Friction and Wear Tests on a Hybrid UHMWPE-Pad/Primer Coating Combination Used as Bearing Element in an Extremely High-Loaded Ball-Joint,” Tribol. Int., 39(8), pp. 796–811. [CrossRef]
Brockett, C. , Williams, S. , Jin, Z. , Isaac, G. , and Fisher, J. , 2007, “ Friction of Total Hip Replacements With Different Bearings and Loading Conditions,” J. Biomed. Mater. Res., Part B, 81B(2), pp. 508–515. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic of squeeze-film artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Stance- and swing-phase characteristics of squeeze-film artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Sample embodiment of squeeze-film artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Surface geometry of cup portion—squeeze-film artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Configuration in unstressed state—squeeze-film artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Contact model—squeeze-film artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Contact model—conventional artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

ISO 14242 duty cycle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Effect of coating thickness on linear wear rate distribution—elastic elements, squeeze-film artificial hip joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Linear wear rate for conventional artificial hip joint—cup surface, uniform radial clearance: (a) metal-on-plastic (MOP) and (b) metal-on-metal (MOM)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Linear wear rate for conventional artificial hip joint—effects of combined radial clearance and ellipticity: (a) metal-on-plastic (MOP) and (b) metal-on-metal (MOM)

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In