In this paper, the formulas of elastohydrodynamic traction coefficients of four Chinese aviation lubricating oils, namely 4109, 4106, 4050 and 4010, were obtained by a great number of elastohydrodynamic traction tests. The nonlinear dynamics differential equations of high-speed cylindrical roller bearing were built on the basis of dynamic theory of rolling bearings and solved by HHT(Hilber-Hughes-Taylor) integer algorithm with variable step. The influence of lubricant traction coefficient on cage's nonlinear dynamic behavior was investigated, and Poincaré map was used to analyze the influence of four types of aviation lubricating oils on the nonlinear dynamic response of cage's mass center. The period of nonlinear dynamic response of cage's mass center was used to assess cage's stability. The results of this paper provide the theoretical basis for selection of aviation lubricating oil.