0
Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Effects of Vanadium Oxide Nanoparticles on Friction and Wear Reduction

[+] Author and Article Information
Wei Dai

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Texas A&M University,
College Station, TX 77843
e-mail: daiwei7@tamu.edu

Kyungjun Lee

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Texas A&M University,
College Station, TX 77843
e-mail: lee23834@tamu.edu

Alexander M. Sinyukov

Department of Physics and Astronomy,
Texas A&M University,
College Station, TX 77843
e-mail: alexander.sinyukov@gmail.com

Hong Liang

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Texas A&M University,
College Station, TX 77843
e-mail: hliang@tamu.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received December 24, 2016; final manuscript received March 21, 2017; published online July 10, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Min Zou.

J. Tribol 139(6), 061607 (Jul 10, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-16-1400; doi: 10.1115/1.4036449 History: Received December 24, 2016; Revised March 21, 2017

In this research, rheological and tribological performance of additive V2O5 nanoparticles in a light mineral oil has been investigated. For rheological performance, the addition of 0.2 wt. % V2O5 could reduce the viscosity of the base oil for 6%. Considering the overall friction reduction in boundary, mixed, and hydrodynamic lubrication regimes, that with 0.1 wt. % V2O5 exhibited the best effect. Friction coefficient of base oil could be reduced by 33%. In terms of wear, the addition of 0.2 wt. % V2O5 showed the lowest wear rate, which is 44% reduction compared to base oil. Through Raman spectrum and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis, it was found that V2O5 involved tribochemical reaction during rubbing. Vanadium intermetallic alloy (V–Fe–Cr) was found to enhance the antiwear performance. This research revealed that V2O5 nanoparticles could be an effective additive to improve tribological performance.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Rudnick, L. R. , 2009, Lubricant Additives: Chemistry and Applications, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. [CrossRef]
Dai, W. , Kheireddin, B. , Gao, H. , and Liang, H. , 2016, “ Roles of Nanoparticles in Oil Lubrication,” Tribol. Int., 102, pp. 88–98. [CrossRef]
Berman, D. , Erdemir, A. , and Sumant, A. V. , 2014, “ Graphene: A New Emerging Lubricant,” Mater. Today, 17(1), pp. 31–42. [CrossRef]
Onodera, T. , Morita, Y. , Suzuki, A. , Koyama, M. , Tsuboi, H. , Hatakeyama, N. , Endou, A. , Takaba, H. , Kubo, M. , and Dassenoy, F. , 2009, “ A Computational Chemistry Study on Friction of h-MoS2—Part I: Mechanism of Single Sheet Lubrication,” J. Phys. Chem. B, 113(52), pp. 16526–16536. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Kimura, Y. , Wakabayashi, T. , Okada, K. , Wada, T. , and Nishikawa, H. , 1999, “ Boron Nitride as a Lubricant Additive,” Wear, 232(2), pp. 199–206. [CrossRef]
He, X. , Xiao, H. , Choi, H. , Díaz, A. , Mosby, B. , Clearfield, A. , and Liang, H. , 2014, “ α-Zirconium Phosphate Nanoplatelets as Lubricant Additives,” Colloids and Surf., A, 452, pp. 32–38. [CrossRef]
Dai, W. , Kheireddin, B. , Gao, H. , Kan, Y. , Clearfield, A. , and Liang, H. , 2016, “ Formation of Anti-Wear Tribofilms Via α-ZrP Nanoplatelet as Lubricant Additives,” Lubricants, 4(3), p. 28. [CrossRef]
He, X. , Xiao, H. , Kyle, J. P. , Terrell, E. J. , and Liang, H. , 2014, “ Two-Dimensional Nanostructured Y2O3 Particles for Viscosity Modification,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 104(16), p. 163107. [CrossRef]
Abdul-Kareem, H. K. , Silveston, P. , and Hudgins, R. , 1980, “ Forced Cycling of the Catalytic Oxidation of CO Over a V2O5 Catalyst—I: Concentration Cycling,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 35(10), pp. 2077–2084. [CrossRef]
Liu, J. , Xia, H. , Xue, D. , and Lu, L. , 2009, “ Double-Shelled Nanocapsules of V2O5-Based Composites as High-Performance Anode and Cathode Materials for Li Ion Batteries,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131(34), pp. 12086–12087. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Chen, Z. , Augustyn, V. , Wen, J. , Zhang, Y. , Shen, M. , Dunn, B. , and Lu, Y. , 2011, “ High-Performance Supercapacitors Based on Intertwined CNT/V2O5 Nanowire Nanocomposites,” Adv. Mater., 23(6), pp. 791–795. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Li, Y. , Yao, J. , Uchaker, E. , Yang, J. , Huang, Y. , Zhang, M. , and Cao, G. , 2013, “ Leaf-Like V2O5 Nanosheets Fabricated by a Facile Green Approach as High Energy Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Adv. Energy Mater., 3(9), pp. 1171–1175. [CrossRef]
Sathiya, M. , Prakash, A. , Ramesha, K. , Tarascon, J. M. , and Shukla, A. , 2011, “ V2O5-Anchored Carbon Nanotubes for Enhanced Electrochemical Energy Storage,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133(40), pp. 16291–16299. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Takahashi, K. , Limmer, S. J. , Wang, Y. , and Cao, G. , 2004, “ Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Single-Crystal V2O5 Nanorod Arrays by Template-Based Electrodeposition,” J. Phys. Chem. B, 108(28), pp. 9795–9800. [CrossRef]
Kumagai, N. , Tanno, K. , Nakajima, T. , and Watanabe, N. , 1983, “ Structural Changes of Nb2O5 and V2O5 as Rechargeable Cathodes for Lithium Battery,” Electrochim. Acta, 28(1), pp. 17–22. [CrossRef]
Fateh, N. , Fontalvo, G. , and Mitterer, C. , 2008, “ Tribological Properties of Reactive Magnetron Sputtered V2O5 and VN–V2O5 Coatings,” Tribol. Lett., 30(1), pp. 21–26. [CrossRef]
Erdemir, A. , 2000, “ A Crystal-Chemical Approach to Lubrication by Solid Oxides,” Tribol. Lett., 8(2–3), pp. 97–102. [CrossRef]
Huang, Y. , Ibrahim, A. M. M. , Shi, X. , Radwan, A. R. , Zhai, W. , Yang, K. , and Xue, B. , 2016, “ Tribological Characterization of NiAl Self-Lubricating Composites Containing V2O5 Nanowires,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 25(11), pp. 4941–4951. [CrossRef]
Shen, Q. , Shi, X. , Yang, K. , Zou, J. , Zhai, W. , and Huang, Y. , 2016, “ Tribological Performance of TiAl Matrix Composites Containing Silver and V2O5 Nanowires at Elevated Temperatures,” RSC Adv., 6(61), pp. 56294–56302. [CrossRef]
Pan, J. , Li, M. , Luo, Y. , Wu, H. , Zhong, L. , Wang, Q. , and Li, G. , 2015, “ Synthesis and SERS Activity of V2O5 Nanoparticles,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 333, pp. 34–38. [CrossRef]
Lukic, M. , Jaksic, I. , Krstonosic, V. , Dokic, L. , and Savic, S. , 2013, “ Effect of Small Change in Oil Phase Composition on Rheological and Textural Properties of w/o Emulsion,” J. Texture Stud., 44(1), pp. 34–44. [CrossRef]
Xiao, H. , Dai, W. , Kan, Y. , Clearfield, A. , and Liang, H. , 2015, “ Amine-Intercalated α-Zirconium Phosphates as Lubricant Additives,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 329, pp. 384–389. [CrossRef]
Zhang, W. , Zhou, M. , Zhu, H. , Tian, Y. , Wang, K. , Wei, J. , Ji, F. , Li, X. , Li, Z. , and Zhang, P. , 2011, “ Tribological Properties of Oleic Acid-Modified Graphene as Lubricant Oil Additives,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 44(20), p. 205303. [CrossRef]
Maslar, J. , Hurst, W. , Bowers, W. , Hendricks, J. , Aquino, M. , and Levin, I. , 2001, “ In Situ Raman Spectroscopic Investigation of Chromium Surfaces Under Hydrothermal Conditions,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 180(1), pp. 102–118. [CrossRef]
Oh, S. J. , Cook, D. , and Townsend, H. , 1998, “ Characterization of Iron Oxides Commonly Formed as Corrosion Products on Steel,” Hyperfine Interact., 112(1–4), pp. 59–66. [CrossRef]
Sousa, P. , Silvestre, A. , Popovici, N. , and Conde, O. , 2005, “ Morphological and Structural Characterization of CrO2/Cr2O3 Films Grown by Laser-CVD,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 247(1), pp. 423–428. [CrossRef]
Wei, Q. , Li, Z. , Zhang, Z. , and Zhou, Q. , 2009, “ Facile Synthesis of α-Fe2O3 Nanostructured Films With Controlled Morphology,” Mater. Trans., 50(6), pp. 1351–1354. [CrossRef]
De Faria, D. , Venâncio Silva, S. , and De Oliveira, M. , 1997, “ Raman Microspectroscopy of Some Iron Oxides and Oxyhydroxides,” J. Raman Spectrosc., 28(11), pp. 873–878. [CrossRef]
Tuinstra, F. , and Koenig, J. L. , 1970, “ Raman Spectrum of Graphite,” J. Chem. Phys., 53(3), pp. 1126–1130. [CrossRef]
Xi, J.-H. , Xie, Y.-J. , Yao, G.-C. , and Liu, Y.-H. , 2008, “ Effect of Additive on Corrosion Resistance of NiFe2O4 Ceramics as Inert Anodes,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 18(2), pp. 356–360. [CrossRef]
AdabiFiroozjaei, E. , Koshy, P. , and Sorrell, C. C. , 2012, “ Effects of V2O5 Addition on the Corrosion Resistance of Andalusite-Based Low-Cement Castables With Molten Al-Alloy,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 32(8), pp. 1463–1471. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Transmission electron microscopy images of sheet-like V2O5

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Raman spectrum of sheet-like V2O5

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Viscosity of light mineral oil with V2O5 under different concentrations

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Stribeck curve of light mineral oil samples with different concentration V2O5

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Surface morphology and profile of wear tracks from different (a) light mineral oil, (b) light mineral oil with 0.05 wt. % V2O5, (c) light mineral oil with 0.1 wt. % V2O5, and (d) light mineral oil with 0.2 wt. % V2O5

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Volume of wear tracks from light mineral oil with different V2O5 concentrations

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Raman spectrum of wear tracks from different samples

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Deconvolution results of Raman spectrum from different wear tracks: (a) base oil, (b) base oil + 0.05 wt. % V2O5, (c) base oil + 0.1 wt. % V2O5, and (d) base oil + 0.2 wt. % V2O5

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

EDS spectrum of wear track from Base oil + 0.2 wt. % V2O5

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

EDS scan area of wear track from Base oil + 0.2 wt. % V2O5

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Illustration of the lubrication mechanism of V2O5

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In