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Research Papers: Coatings and Solid Lubricants

Tribological Study of Fe–W–P Electrodeposited Coating on 316 L Stainless Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
F. Zouch

Laboratory of Materials Engineering and
Environment (LGME),
National Engineering School of Sfax,
University of Sfax,
B.P.W.1173,
Sfax 3038, Tunisia
e-mail: fatma.zouch2@gmail.com

Z. Antar

Laboratory of Materials Engineering and
Environment (LGME),
National Engineering School of Sfax,
University of Sfax,
B.P.W.1173,
Sfax 3038, Tunisia
e-mail: zied.antar@enis.tn

A. Bahri

Laboratory of Materials Engineering and
Environment (LGME),
National Engineering School of Sfax,
University of Sfax,
B.P.W.1173,
Sfax 3038, Tunisia
e-mail: amir19t@yahoo.fr

K. Elleuch

Laboratory of Materials Engineering and
Environment (LGME),
National Engineering School of Sfax,
University of Sfax,
B.P.W.1173,
Sfax 3038, Tunisia
e-mail: khaled.elleuch@enis.rnu.tn

M. Ürgen

Department of Metallurgical and
Materials Engineering,
Istanbul Technical University,
Maslak,
Istanbul 34469, Turkey
e-mail: urgen@itu.edu.tr

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received October 19, 2016; final manuscript received April 3, 2017; published online July 21, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Satish V. Kailas.

J. Tribol 140(1), 011301 (Jul 21, 2017) (9 pages) Paper No: TRIB-16-1327; doi: 10.1115/1.4036628 History: Received October 19, 2016; Revised April 03, 2017

Ternary iron–tungsten–phosphorus (Fe–W–P) coatings were electrodeposited with different sodium tungstate (NaWO4·2H2O) concentration on stainless steel 316 L substrate. These coatings were characterized by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The friction and wear behavior of these coatings were investigated using ball-on-disk tribometer under dry conditions. This study reveals a nanocrystalline and nodular structure with nanometric grain size of the deposited alloy. The maximum level of incorporation of tungsten (W) is about 29.54 at %. It was obtained with 0.5 M of sodium tungstate concentration, and it increases the microhardness of the coatings. Moreover, it was found that Fe–W–P coatings had significantly improved the tribological properties of the substrate due to their higher wear resistance and lower friction coefficient.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Configuration for rotating wear test

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Fig. 2

SEM micrographs of Fe–W–P coatings: (a) (Fe–W–P)1, (b) (Fe–W–P)2, and (c) (Fe–W–P)3

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Fig. 3

Fe, W, P, O, Ni, and Al content of Fe–W–P coatings before wear test

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Fig. 4

XRD patterns of Fe–W–P coatings: (a) (Fe–W–P)1, (b) (Fe–W–P)2, and (c) (Fe–W–P)3

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Fig. 5

Hardness evolution of stainless steel 316 L, (Fe–W–P)1, (Fe–W–P)2, and (Fe–W–P)3 coatings

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Fig. 6

Evolution of measured friction coefficient for coated and uncoated samples

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Fig. 7

Wear track of: (a) stainless steel 316 L, (b) (Fe–W–P)1, (c) (Fe–W–P)2, and (d) (Fe–W–P)3

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Fig. 8

SEM micrographs on the wear track for Fe–W–P coatings: (a) (Fe–W–P)1, (b) (Fe–W–P)2, and (c) (Fe–W–P)3

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Fig. 9

Back-scattered images on the wear track for Fe–W–P coatings: (a) (Fe–W–P)1, (b) (Fe–W–P)2, and (c) (Fe–W–P)3

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Fig. 10

Fe, W, P, Ni, Al, and O content of wear track after wear test

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Fig. 12

Wear volume of 316 L stainless steel and Fe–W–P coatings

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