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Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Wear Behavior and Mechanical Properties of TiO2 Coating Deposited Electrophoretically on 316 L Stainless Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
Hafedh Dhiflaoui

Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de
Tunis—LMMP,
Université de Tunis,
5 Avenue Taha Hussein,
Montfleury 1008, Tunisia
e-mail: dhafedh@gmail.com

Khlifi Kaouther

Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de
Tunis—LMMP,
Université de Tunis,
5 Avenue Taha Hussein,
Montfleury 1008, Tunisia

Ahmed Ben Cheikh Larbi

Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de
Tunis—LMMP,
Université de Tunis,
5 Avenue Taha Hussein,
Montfleury 1008, Tunisia
e-mail: ahmed.cheikhlaarbi@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received January 16, 2017; final manuscript received September 21, 2017; published online October 23, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Sinan Muftu.

J. Tribol 140(3), 031603 (Oct 23, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1021; doi: 10.1115/1.4038102 History: Received January 16, 2017; Revised September 21, 2017

In this work, the TiO2 coatings were synthesized by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of nanosized powder in order to improve the tribological properties. Several characterization methods were applied to the coated substrates. The surface topography of the EPD layers, their morphology, composition, and mechanical properties were investigated. The influence of heat treatment, which results in calcination, on the wear performance of coated films was also examined. It was noticed that the effect of the normal force and sliding velocity on the coefficients of instantaneous and stabilized friction was not the same in treated coatings and untreated ones. Moreover, the treated and uncoated films showed a close relation between the dissipated accumulated energy and the worn volume. The energetic wear coefficients of fretting wear were also studied. As expected, the treated coating reduced the energetic wear coefficient, which enhanced the resistance to fretting wear.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

The X-ray diffraction pattern of TiO2 coating

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Fig. 2

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs showing the morphology of the TiO2 coatings: (a) untreated and (b) treated

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Fig. 3

Three-dimensional surface morphology of TiO2 film: (a) before and (b) after thermal treatment at 850 ° C

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Fig. 4

Load–displacement curves carried out on the electrophoretically deposited TiO2 coatings before and after thermal treatment

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Fig. 5

Evolution of the friction coefficient for (a) untreated and (b) treated coating (V = 100 μm/s)

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Fig. 6

Evolution of the friction coefficient for (a) untreated and (b) treated coating (F = 1 N)

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Fig. 7

Wear volume as a function of normal loads (V = 100 μm/s)

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Fig. 8

Wear volume as a function of sliding velocity (F = 1 N)

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Fig. 9

Variation of the worn volume as a function of dissipated energy

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Fig. 10

SEM image of worn surface: (a) untreated and (b)treated coating at applied load of 3 N and sliding velocity of 300 μm/s

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Fig. 11

Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy patterns of worn surfaces: (a) untreated and (b)treated coating at applied load of 3 N and sliding velocity of 300 μm/s

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