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research-article

Effect of milling time on sliding friction and wear behavior of hot isostatically pressed titanium alloys Ti-6Al-4X(X=V, Nb Fe) for biomedical applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Mamoun Fellah

Mechanical Engineering Department, Khenchela University P.O 1252, 40004, AlgeriaTribology, materials surface and interfaces group, laboratory of foundry, Annaba University BO, 12 CP 23000. Algeria
mamoun.fellah@yahoo.fr

Linda Aissani

Tribology, materials surface and interfaces group, laboratory of foundry, Annaba University BO, 12 CP 23000. AlgeriaPhysics Department, Khenchela University P.O 1252, 40004, Algeria
lindaaissani2004@yahoo.fr

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038103 History: Received May 27, 2017; Revised September 22, 2017

Abstract

The aim of the present research was focused on the study of the effect of replacing vanadium by niobium and iron on the tribological behavior of Hot Isostatic Pressed (HIPed) titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) biomaterial, using a ball-on-disk type Oscillating tribometer, under wet conditions using physiological solution conditions (Ringer solution) in accordance with the ASTMG 99, ISO 7148-1:2012, and ASTM G 133–95 standards. The tests were carried out under a normal load of 6 N, with an AISI 52100 grade steel ball as a counter face. The morphological changes and structural evolution of the nanoparticle powders using different milling times (2, 6, 12 and 18 h) were studied. The morphological characterization indicated that the particle and crystallite size continuously decreases with increasing milling time to reach the lowest value of 4 nm at 18 hours milling. The friction coefficient and wear rate were lower in the samples milled at 18 h (0.226, 0.297 and 0.423) and (0.66 x10-2, 0.87x10-2 and 1.51x10-2 µm3.N-1.µm-1) for Ti-6Al-4Fe, Ti-6Al-4Nb and Ti-6Al-4V, respectively. This improvement in friction and wear resistance is attributed to the grain refinement at 18 hour milling. The Ti-6Al-4Fe samples showed good tribological performance for all milling times

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