Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Impact and Rolling Abrasive Wear Behavior and Hardening Mechanism for Hot-Rolled Medium-Manganese Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
Jian Wang, Xiao Zhang, Dekun Zhang

School of Material Science and Engineering,
China University of Mining and Technology,
Xuzhou 221116, China

Qingliang Wang

School of Material Science and Engineering,
China University of Mining and Technology,
Xuzhou 221116, China
e-mail: wql889@cumt.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received June 22, 2017; final manuscript received October 30, 2017; published online January 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Robert Wood.

J. Tribol 140(3), 031608 (Jan 16, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1249; doi: 10.1115/1.4038414 History: Received June 22, 2017; Revised October 30, 2017

The coupled impact and rolling wear behavior of the medium-manganese austenitic steel (Mn8) were studied by comparison with the traditional Hadfield (Mn13) steel. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to analyze the wear and hardening mechanisms. The experimental results show that the impact and rolling wear resistance of hot-rolled medium-manganese steel (Mn8) is better than that of high-manganese steel (Mn13) under conditions of low-impact load. The better work hardening sensitivity effectively improves the wear resistance of medium-manganese steel. Not only the coefficient of friction is low, but the mass loss and wear rate of the wear are lower than that of high-manganese steel. After impact and rolling wear, a hardened layer with a thickness of about 600 μm is formed on the wear surface. The highest microhardness of the subsurface layer for Mn8 is about 594 HV and the corresponding Rockwell hardness is about 55 HRC, showing the remarkable work hardening effect. The wear-resistant strengthening mechanism of medium-manganese steel is compound strengthening, including the deformation-induced martensitic transformation, dislocation strengthening, and twin strengthening. In initial stages of impact and rolling abrasion, dislocation strengthening plays a major role. When the deformation reaches a certain extent, the deformation-induced martensitic transformation and twinning strengthening begin to play a leading role.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Wear , Steel , Stress
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Fig. 1

The diagram of the impact and rolling abrasive wear contact motion

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Fig. 2

Variation of friction coefficient at different applied loads: (a) 200 N and (b) 400 N

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Fig. 3

Variations of wear mass loss: (a) and wear rate and (b) for applied load of 200 N

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Fig. 4

Variations of wear mass loss: (a) and wear rate and (b) for applied load of 400 N

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Fig. 5

Hardness distribution curve of hardening layer: (a) 200 N and (b) 400 N

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Fig. 6

SEM morphology of impact and rolling wear of Mn8 steel: (a) 200 N and (b) 400 N

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Fig. 7

SEM morphology of impact and rolling wear of Mn13 steel: (a) 200 N and (b) 400 N

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Fig. 8

Metallographic images of Mn8 steel at different wear depth for 400 N, 500×

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Fig. 9

Metallographic images of Mn13 steel at different wear depth for 400 N, 500×

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Fig. 10

X-ray diffraction pattern of wear surface of Mn8 and Mn13 steel for load of 400 N

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Fig. 11

TEM photos of wear surface for Mn8 steel for applied load of 400 N




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