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Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Tribological Behavior of Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni Alloy at Elevated Temperatures Under Dry Sliding

[+] Author and Article Information
Hui Tan

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, China;
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Beijing 100039, China
e-mail: tanhui@licp.cas.cn

Jun Cheng

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, China
e-mail: chengjun@licp.cas.cn

Shuai Wang

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, China
e-mail: licpws@163.com

Shengyu Zhu

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, China
e-mail: zhusy@licp.cas.cn

Yuan Yu

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, China
e-mail: yuyuannpu@163.com

Zhuhui Qiao

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, China
e-mail: zhqiao@licp.cas.cn

Jun Yang

State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication,
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Lanzhou 730000, China
e-mail: jyang@licp.cas.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received September 7, 2017; final manuscript received November 1, 2017; published online January 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Robert Wood.

J. Tribol 140(3), 031609 (Jan 16, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1349; doi: 10.1115/1.4038438 History: Received September 07, 2017; Revised November 01, 2017

Wear-resistant aluminum alloys have enormous potential applications. In this paper, the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy was fabricated by hot-pressed sintering, and its dry sliding wear behavior was investigated from 25 °C to 500 °C sliding against Al2O3 ceramic and AISI 52100 steel. The microstructure, phase, high temperature hardness, and worn surface of the sintered alloy were examined. The results indicate that the uniform distribution of Si particles and Al5FeSi intermetallic in the Al matrix contribute to its superior tribological properties. Additionally, the correlation of the tribological behavior of the alloy with the sliding testing conditions was studied, and its wear mechanism was discussed.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

The setup of the hot-pressed sintering furnace

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Fig. 2

XRD pattern of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy

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Fig. 3

SEM image and elements distribution maps of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy

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Fig. 4

Hardness evolution of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy with test temperature

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Fig. 5

Instantaneous friction coefficient of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy with sliding time at various temperatures: sliding against (a) Al2O3 ceramic and (b) AISI 52100 steel

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Fig. 6

Variation of the average friction coefficient of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy with test temperature

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Fig. 7

Variation of the wear rate of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy with test temperature

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Fig. 8

Typical wear track profile of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy sliding against AISI Al2O3 ceramic at 300 °C

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Fig. 9

SEM images of the worn surfaces of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy tested at different temperatures sliding against Al2O3 ceramic: (a) 25 °C, (b) 100 °C, (c) 200 °C, (d) 300 °C, (e) 400 °C, and (f) 500 °C

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Fig. 10

SEM images of the worn surfaces of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy tested at different temperatures sliding against AISI 52100 steel: (a) 25 °C, (b) 100 °C, (c) 200 °C, (d) 300 °C, and (e) 400 °C

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Fig. 11

Si element distribution maps of (a) Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy and its worn surfaces of sliding against Al2O3 ceramic at: (b) 25 °C, (c) 100 °C, (d) 200 °C, (e) 300 °C, and (f) 400 °C

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Fig. 12

Si element distribution maps of (a) Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy and its worn surfaces of sliding against AISI 52100 steel at: (b) 25 °C, (c) 100 °C, (d) 200 °C, and (e) 300 °C

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Fig. 13

SEM images of the Al2O3 ceramic counterpart surfaces after sliding test: (a) 25 °C, (b) 100 °C, (c) 200 °C, (d) 300 °C, (e) 400 °C, and (f) 500 °C

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Fig. 14

SEM images of the AISI 52100 steel counterpart surfaces after sliding test: (a) 25 °C, (b) 100 °C, (c) 200 °C, (d) 300 °C, and (e) 400 °C

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Fig. 15

Schematic of wear mechanism of the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy tested at different temperatures: (a) mild abrasive wear and adhesive wear and (b) severe plastic deformation and delamination wear

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