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Research Papers: Micro-Nano Tribology

Tribological Behaviors of Polymer-Based Hybrid Nanocomposite Brake Pad

[+] Author and Article Information
Oluwatoyin Joseph Gbadeyan

Composite Research Group,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Durban University of Technology,
Durban 4001, South Africa
e-mail: toyin2good@yahoo.com

Krishnan Kanny

Composite Research Group,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Durban University of Technology,
Durban 4001, South Africa

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received August 17, 2017; final manuscript received November 29, 2017; published online January 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Dae-Eun Kim.

J. Tribol 140(3), 032003 (Jan 16, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1320; doi: 10.1115/1.4038679 History: Received August 17, 2017; Revised November 29, 2017

Although extensive improvement has been done on brake pad for vehicles, most recent materials used still encounter wear rate, friction, stopping distance, and time deficiencies. In this regards, this study developed a polymer-based nanocomposite brake pad. Here, a combination of carbon-based materials, including those at a nanoscale, was used to produce the brake pad. Tribological performance, such as friction coefficient, wear rate, and stopping distances of developed brake pad were investigated using an inertial dynamometer. The results revealed that the stopping distances, the coefficient of friction (CoF), and wear rate vary with the brake pad formation and velocity. The micrographs show changes in the structural formation after the incorporation of carbon-based fillers. It also shows smooth surface structure and uniform dispersion of the carbon fiber. The smooth surface of the worn brake pad is an indicative of a tougher structure. Hence, it was deduced that the fabricated polymer-based hybrid composite had good tribological property. This improved property is suggestive of materials that may be successfully used for brake pad application.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Brake pad samples: schematic diagram of brake pad: (b) commercial and (c) hybrid nanocomposite

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Fig. 2

Dynamometers assembly: (a) inertia dynamometer used for brake pad testing and (b) schematic layout of brake disk and pad

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Fig. 3

Variation of wear rate with speed

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Fig. 4

Variation of the CoF with speed

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Fig. 5

Variation of stopping distance with speed

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Fig. 6

SEM micrograph of brake pads worn surfaces

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