0
Research Papers: Lubricants

Influence of MoS2, H3BO3, and MWCNT Additives on the Dry and Lubricated Sliding Tribology of AMMC–Steel Contacts

[+] Author and Article Information
Harpreet Singh

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Thapar University,
Patiala 147004, Punjab, India
e-mail: harpreetsingh6n2016@gmail.com

ParamPreet Singh

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Thapar University,
Patiala 147004, Punjab, India
e-mail: psingh.param@gmail.com

Hiralal Bhowmick

Mechanical Engineering Department,
Thapar University,
Patiala 147004, Punjab, India
e-mail: hiralal.bhowmick@thapar.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received August 14, 2017; final manuscript received November 10, 2017; published online February 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Sinan Muftu.

J. Tribol 140(4), 041801 (Feb 09, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1313; doi: 10.1115/1.4038957 History: Received August 14, 2017; Revised November 10, 2017

The present study is focused on the performance evaluation of MoS2, H3BO3, and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) used as the potential oil additives in base oil for aluminum metal matrix composites (AMMC)–steel (EN31) tribocontact. Al–B4C composite is used for this purpose; based on a set of preliminary investigation under unlubricated and fresh oil lubrication, three different types of AMMCs (Al–SiC, Al–B4C, and Al–SiC–B4C) were used. A pin-on-disk tribometer is used for all the friction and wear tests under operating condition of load 9.8 N and sliding velocity of 0.5 m/s. From the particle-based wet tribology, it is clear that both the additives H3BO3 and MWCNT improve the friction as well as wear behavior for selected composite contacts. Multiwall carbon nanotubes emerged out as superior among all the additives, whereas MoS2 additives show marginal enhancement in frictional performance under given operating conditions. Fractography and morphological study of pin specimens are carried out to identify the underlying friction and wear mechanisms.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Tokaji, K. , 2005, “Effect of Stress Ratio on Fatigue Behaviour in SiC Particulate‐Reinforced Aluminium Alloy Composite,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct., 28(6), pp. 539–545. [CrossRef]
Kerti, I. , and Toptan, F. , 2008, “Microstructural Variations in Cast B4C-Reinforced Aluminium Matrix Composites (AMCs),” Mater. Lett., 62(8), pp. 1215–1218. [CrossRef]
Ipek, R. , 2005, “Adhesive Wear Behaviour of B4C and SiC Reinforced 4147 Al Matrix Composites (Al/B4C–Al/SiC),” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 162–163, pp. 71–75. [CrossRef]
Bedir, F. , 2007, “Characteristic Properties of Al–Cu–SiCp and Al–Cu–B4Cp Composites Produced by Hot Pressing Method Under Nitrogen Atmosphere,” Mater. Des., 28(4), pp. 1238–1244. [CrossRef]
Kalkanlı, A. , and Yılmaz, S. , 2008, “Synthesis and Characterization of Aluminum Alloy 7075 Reinforced With Silicon Carbide Particulates,” Mater. Des., 29(4), pp. 775–780. [CrossRef]
Kerti, I. , 2005, “Production of TiC Reinforced-Aluminum Composites With the Addition of Elemental Carbon,” Mater. Lett., 59(29), pp. 3795–3800. [CrossRef]
Khan, K. B. , Kutty, T. , and Surappa, M. , 2006, “Hot Hardness and Indentation Creep Study on Al–5% Mg Alloy Matrix–B4C Particle Reinforced Composites,” Mater. Sci. Eng.: A, 427(1), pp. 76–82. [CrossRef]
Zhang, H. , Ramesh, K. , and Chin, E. , 2004, “High Strain Rate Response of Aluminum 6092/B4C Composites,” Mater. Sci. Eng.: A, 384(1), pp. 26–34. [CrossRef]
Toptan, F. , Kerti, I. , and Rocha, L. A. , 2012, “Reciprocal Dry Sliding Wear Behaviour of B4Cp Reinforced Aluminium Alloy Matrix Composites,” Wear, 290–291, pp. 74–85. [CrossRef]
Zhang, Z. , Chen, X.-G. , and Charette, A. , 2007, “Particle Distribution and Interfacial Reactions of Al–7% Si–10% B4C Die Casting Composite,” J. Mater. Sci., 42(17), pp. 7354–7362. [CrossRef]
Shorowordi, K. , Laoui, T. , Haseeb, A. , Celis, J.-P. , and Froyen, L. , 2003, “Microstructure and Interface Characteristics of B4C, SiC and Al2O3 Reinforced Al Matrix Composites: A Comparative Study,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 142(3), pp. 738–743. [CrossRef]
Toptan, F. , Kilicarslan, A. , Karaaslan, A. , Cigdem, M. , and Kerti, I. , 2010, “Processing and Microstructural Characterisation of AA 1070 and AA 6063 Matrix B4Cp Reinforced Composites,” Mater. Des., 31(Suppl. 1), pp. S87–S91. [CrossRef]
Hemanth, J. , 2005, “Tribological Behavior of Cryogenically Treated B4Cp/Al–12%Si Composites,” Wear, 258(11), pp. 1732–1744. [CrossRef]
Shorowordi, K. , Haseeb, A. , and Celis, J.-P. , 2006, “Tribo-Surface Characteristics of Al–B4C and Al–SiC Composites Worn Under Different Contact Pressures,” Wear, 261(5), pp. 634–641. [CrossRef]
Lashgari, H. , Sufizadeh, A. , and Emamy, M. , 2010, “The Effect of Strontium on the Microstructure and Wear Properties of A356–10% B4C Cast Composites,” Mater. Des., 31(4), pp. 2187–2195. [CrossRef]
Lashgari, H. , Zangeneh, S. , Shahmir, H. , Saghafi, M. , and Emamy, M. , 2010, “Heat Treatment Effect on the Microstructure, Tensile Properties and Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of A356–10% B4C Cast Composites,” Mater. Des., 31(9), pp. 4414–4422. [CrossRef]
Mazahery, A. , and Shabani, M. O. , 2012, “Mechanical Properties of Squeeze-Cast A356 Composites Reinforced With B4C Particulates,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 21(2), pp. 247–252. [CrossRef]
Canakci, A. , 2011, “Microstructure and Abrasive Wear Behaviour of B4C Particle Reinforced 2014 Al Matrix Composites,” J. Mater. Sci., 46(8), pp. 2805–2813. [CrossRef]
Kennedy, A. , and Brampton, B. , 2001, “The Reactive Wetting and Incorporation of B4C Particles Into Molten Aluminium,” Scr. Mater., 44(7), pp. 1077–1082. [CrossRef]
Bindumadhavan, P. , Chia, T. , Chandrasekaran, M. , Wah, H. K. , Lam, L. N. , and Prabhakar, O. , 2001, “Effect of Particle-Porosity Clusters on Tribological Behavior of Cast Aluminum Alloy A356-SiCp Metal Matrix Composites,” Mater. Sci. Eng.: A, 315(1), pp. 217–226. [CrossRef]
Bhandare, R. G. , and Sonawane, P. M. , 2014, “Preparation of Aluminium Matrix Composite by Using Stir Casting Method and It's Characterization,” Int. J. Curr. Eng. Technol., 3, pp. 148–155.
Halverson, D. C. , Pyzik, A. J. , Aksay, I. A. , and Snowden, W. E. , 1989, “Processing of Boron Carbide‐Aluminum Composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 72(5), pp. 775–780. [CrossRef]
Prabu, S. B. , Karunamoorthy, L. , Kathiresan, S. , and Mohan, B. , 2006, “Influence of Stirring Speed and Stirring Time on Distribution of Particles in Cast Metal Matrix Composite,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 171(2), pp. 268–273. [CrossRef]
Sharma, P. , Sharma, S. , and Khanduja, D. , 2015, “A Study on Microstructure of Aluminium Matrix Composites,” J. Asian Ceram. Soc., 3(3), pp. 240–244. [CrossRef]
Dharmalingam, S. , Subramanian, R. , and Vinoth, K. S. , 2010, “Analysis of Dry Sliding Friction and Wear Behavior of Aluminum-Alumina Composites Using Taguchi's Techniques,” J. Compos. Mater., 44(18), pp. 2161–2177. [CrossRef]
Martin, J. M. , and Ohmae, N. , 2008, Nanolubricants, Wiley, Chichester, UK. [CrossRef]
Neville, A. , Morina, A. , Haque, T. , and Voong, M. , 2007, “Compatibility Between Tribological Surfaces and Lubricant Additives—How Friction and Wear Reduction Can Be Controlled by Surface/Lube Synergies,” Tribol. Int., 40(10–12), pp. 1680–1695.
Rapoport, L. , Leshchinsky, V. , Lapsker, I. , Volovik, Y. , Nepomnyashchy, O. , Lvovsky, M. , Popovitz-Biro, R. , Feldman, Y. , and Tenne, R. , 2003, “Tribological Properties of WS2 Nanoparticles Under Mixed Lubrication,” Wear, 255(7), pp. 785–793. [CrossRef]
Puzyr, A. P. , Burov, A. E. , Selyutin, G. E. , Voroshilov, V. A. , and Bondar, V. S. , 2012, “Modified Nanodiamonds as Antiwear Additives to Commercial Oils,” Tribol. Trans., 55(1), pp. 149–154. [CrossRef]
Kalin, M. , Kogovšek, J. , and Remškar, M. , 2012, “Mechanisms and Improvements in the Friction and Wear Behavior Using MoS2 Nanotubes as Potential Oil Additives,” Wear, 280–281, pp. 36–45. [CrossRef]
Qu, M. , Yao, Y. , He, J. , Ma, X. , Liu, S. , Feng, J. , and Hou, L. , 2017, “Preparation and Tribological Properties of the N‐Containing Heterocyclic Borate Esters and Cu Microparticles as Lubricant Additives in Base Oil,” Lubr. Sci., 29(6), pp. 395–409.
Bhowmick, H. , Majumdar, S. , and Biswas, S. , 2012, “Tribology of Soot Suspension in Hexadecane as Distinguished by the Physical Structure and Chemistry of Soot Particles,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 45(17), p. 175302. [CrossRef]
Mu, Z. , Zhou, F. , Zhang, S. , Liang, Y. , and Liu, W. , 2005, “Effect of the Functional Groups in Ionic Liquid Molecules on the Friction and Wear Behavior of Aluminum Alloy in Lubricated Aluminum-on-Steel Contact,” Tribol. Int., 38(8), pp. 725–731. [CrossRef]
Liu, X. , Zhou, F. , Liang, Y. , and Liu, W. , 2006, “Tribological Performance of Phosphonium Based Ionic Liquids for an Aluminum-on-Steel System and Opinions on Lubrication Mechanism,” Wear, 261(10), pp. 1174–1179. [CrossRef]
Mosleh, M. , and Ghaderi, M. , 2012, “Deagglomeration of Transfer Film in Metal Contacts Using Nanolubricants,” Tribol. Trans., 55(1), pp. 52–58. [CrossRef]
Mosleh, M. , and Shirvani, K. A. , 2013, “In-Situ Nanopolishing by Nanolubricants for Enhanced Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication,” Wear, 301(1), pp. 137–143. [CrossRef]
Xie, H. , Jiang, B. , Hu, X. , Peng, C. , Guo, H. , and Pan, F. , 2017, “Synergistic Effect of MoS2 and SiO2 Nanoparticles as Lubricant Additives for Magnesium Alloy–Steel Contacts,” Nanomaterials, 7(7), p. 154. [CrossRef]
Hamrock, B. J. , 1994, Fundamentals of Fluid Film Lubrication, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Guangteng, G. , and Spikes, H. A. , 1997, “An Experimental Study of Film Thickness in the Mixed Lubrication Regime,” Tribol. Ser., 32, pp. 159–166. [CrossRef]
Wang, Y. , Wang, Q. , Lin, C. , and Shi, F. , 2006, “Development of a Set of Stribeck Curves for Conformal Contacts of Rough Surfaces,” Tribol. Trans., 49(4), pp. 526–535. [CrossRef]
Greenberg, R. , Halperin, G. , Etsion, I. , and Tenne, R. , 2004, “The Effect of WS2 Nanoparticles on Friction Reduction in Various Lubrication Regimes,” Tribol. Lett., 17(2), pp. 179–186. [CrossRef]
Xuan, Y. , Liu, Y. , Zhao, X. C. , Cheng, J. W. , Li, Y. J. , and Li, J. G. , 2010, “The Investigation of the Tribological Properties of AlOOH and Fe3O4 Nanoparticles as Additives in Liquid Paraffin,” Tribology, 2, pp. 209–216.
Gates, R. S. , Hsu, S. , and Klaus, E. E. , 1989, “Tribochemical Mechanism of Alumina With Water,” Tribol. Trans., 32(3), pp. 357–363. [CrossRef]
Rao, K. P. , and Xie, C. L. , 2006, “A Comparative Study on the Performance of Boric Acid With Several Conventional Lubricants in Metal Forming Processes,” Tribol. Int., 39(7), pp. 663–668.
Graham, J. , Spikes, H. , and Korcek, S. , 2001, “The Friction Reducing Properties of Molybdenum Dialkyldithiocarbamate Additives: Part I—Factors Influencing Friction Reduction,” Tribol. Trans., 44(4), pp. 626–636. [CrossRef]
Yamamoto, Y. , and Gondo, S. , 1989, “Friction and Wear Characteristics of Molybdenum Dithiocarbamate and Molybdenum Dithiophosphate,” Tribol. Trans., 32(2), pp. 251–257. [CrossRef]
Epshteyn, Y. , and Risdon, T. J. , 2010, “Molybdenum Disulfide in Lubricant Applications—A Review,” 12th Lubricating Grease Conference, Goa, India, Jan. 28–30, pp. 1–12.
Shaw, A. H. , 2015, “Physical Properties of Various Conductive Diborides and Their Binaries,” Ph.D. dissertation, Iowa State University, Ames, IA.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs of as-received powders of: (a) B4C and (b) SiC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

(a) SEM micrograph and (b) EDS on Al–B4C composite

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Microstructures of particles: (a) H3BO3, (b) MoS2, and (c) MWCNT

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Vickers hardness measurements for alloy as well as different alloy composites

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Variation of coefficient of friction for Al-composites in unlubricated conditions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Variation of coefficient of friction for various composites in fresh oil lubricated (SN500) conditions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Bar graph showing effectiveness of particle additives in dry as well wet tribology

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Variation of coefficient of friction for Al–B4C composites in particle based liquid lubrication

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

The effect of sliding speed on coefficient of friction for Al–B4C composites in fresh oil without additives and fresh oil with MWCNT additives. (Inset: corresponding Stribeck curves for fresh oil and fresh oil with MWCNT additives).

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Measured profiles of worn out Al6061/B4C pins after wear test at a speed of 0.5 m/s and under different lubricated conditions: (a) fresh oil without additives, (b) fresh oil with MoS2 additives, (c) fresh oil with MWCNT additives, and (d) fresh oil with H3BO3 additives

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

SEM morphologies and selected EDS inspection field of wear tracks on Al–B4C pin under dry sliding contact condition. The white arrows in the figure are indicating sliding direction.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

SEM morphologies and selected EDS inspection field of wear tracks on Al–B4C pin under lubricated sliding contact conditions. The white arrows in the figure are indicating sliding direction.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

SEM morphologies and selected EDS inspection field of Al–B4C wear tracks on pin surfaces under various particles additives in base oil such as: (a) and (d) H3BO3, (b) and (e) MWCNT, and (c) and (f) MoS2. The white arrows in the figure are indicating sliding direction.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

XRD on the wear track of Al–B4C composites slides under particle aided lubricants: (a) H3BO3, (b) MWCNT, and (c) MoS2

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In