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Research Papers: Coatings and Solid Lubricants

Microstructure and Tribological Properties of Cathodic Arc Ion Plated TiAlN and TiSiN Coatings at High Temperatures

[+] Author and Article Information
Kong Weicheng

College of Mechanical Engineering,
Yangzhou University,
Yangzhou 225127, China
e-mail: 897024573@qq.com

Shen Hui

College of Mechanical Engineering,
Yangzhou University,
Yangzhou 225127, China
e-mail: hshen@yzu.edu.cn

Kong Dejun

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Changzhou University,
Changzhou 213164, China

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received October 22, 2017; final manuscript received January 21, 2018; published online February 22, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Robert Wood.

J. Tribol 140(4), 041301 (Feb 22, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1397; doi: 10.1115/1.4039135 History: Received October 22, 2017; Revised January 21, 2018

TiAlN and TiSiN coatings were deposited on YT15 cemented carbide using a cathodic arc ion plating (CAIP). The surface-cross section morphologies, chemical elements, surface roughness, phases, and chemical valences of as-obtained coatings were analyzed using a scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively, and the bonding strength, hardness and Young's modulus of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings were measured using a scratch tester and nano-indentation, respectively, and the wear mechanism at high temperatures was also discussed. The results show that the surface roughness of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings is 69.1 and 58.0 nm, respectively, and the corresponding average particle size is 998.8 and 817.2 nm, respectively. The TiAlN coating is composed of TiAlN and AlN, while the TiSiN coating is composed of TiN and Si3N4. The bonding strength of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings is 84.3 and 72.6 N, respectively, the hardness and Young's modulus of TiAlN coating is 23.67 and 415.80 GPa, respectively, while that of TiSiN coating is 20.46 and 350.40 GPa, respectively. The average coefficients of friction (COFs) of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings are 0.4516 and 0.4807, respectively; the corresponding wear rate is 589.7 × 10−6 and 4142.2 × 10−6 mm3 N−1 s−1, respectively; the wear mechanism of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings is oxidation wear and abrasive wear.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of wear test machine

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Fig. 2

Surface-cross section morphologies of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings: (a) TiAlN coating surface, (b) TiSiN coating surface, (c) TiAlN coating cross section, and (d) TiSiN coating cross section

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Fig. 3

AFM topographies and particle sizes of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings: (a) topography of TiAlN coating, (b) topography of TiSiN coating, (c) particle sizes of TiAlN coating, and (d) particle sizes of TiSiN coating

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Fig. 4

XRD patterns of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings: (a) TiAlN coating and (b) TiSiN coating

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Fig. 5

XPS spectra of TiAlN coating: (a) overall spectrum of XPS, (b) Ti spectrum, (c) Al spectrum, and (d) N spectrum

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Fig. 6

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectra of TiSiN coating: (a) overall spectrum of XPS, (b) Ti spectrum, (c) Si spectrum, and (d) N spectrum

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Fig. 7

Bonding strengths of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings: (a) TiAlN coating and (b) TiSiN coating

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Fig. 8

Nano-indentation curves of loads versus displacements: (a) TiAlN coating and (b) TiSiN coating

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Fig. 9

Coefficients of frictions versus wear time and profiles of worn track of TiAlN and TiSiN coatings: (a) COFs versus wear time, (b) profile of worn track on TiAlN coating, and (c) profile of worn track on TiAlN coating

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Fig. 10

Microstructure of friction-pairs after high temperature wear: (a) TiAlN coating and (b) TiSiN coating

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Fig. 11

Plane scan analysis of worn track on TiAlN coating: (a) plane scanned position, (b) result of plane scan analysis, (c) Ti content, (d) Al content, (e) N content, and (f) O content

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Fig. 12

Plane scan analysis of worn track on TiSiN coating: (a) plane scanned position, (b) result of plane scan analysis, (c) Ti content, (d) Si content, (e) N content, and (f) O content

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Fig. 13

Morphologies and XRD analysis of worn tracks on TiAlN and TiSiN coatings: (a) morphology of worn track on TiAlN coating, (b) XRD analysis of worn track on TiAlN coating, (c) morphology of worn track on TiSiN coating, and (d) XRD analysis of worn track on TiSiN coating

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