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Research Papers: Tribochemistry and Tribofilms

Modification of Tribolayers of a Titanium Alloy Sliding against a Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Zhou

School of Shipping and Mechatronic
Engineering,
Taizhou University,
No. 93 Jichuan West Road,
Taizhou 225300, China
e-mail: 626819302@qq.com

W. Jiang

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Jiangsu University,
No. 301 Xuefu Road,
Zhenjiang 212013, China
e-mail: miracle8980@sina.com

W. Chen

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Jiangsu University,
No. 301 Xuefu Road,
Zhenjiang 212013, China
e-mail: 1371560049@qq.com

X. L. Ji

Engineering Research Center of Dredging
Technology,
Ministry of Education,
Hohai University,
No. 5 Hehai Road,
Changzhou 213022, China
e-mail: xiulinji@gmail.com

Y. X. Jin

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Jiangsu University of Science and Technology,
No. 2 Mengxi Road,
Zhenjiang 212003, China
e-mail: jinyunxue@126.com

S. Q. Wang

School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Jiangsu University,
No. 301 Xuefu Road,
Zhenjiang 212013, China
e-mail: shuqi_wang@ujs.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received July 27, 2017; final manuscript received December 14, 2017; published online March 2, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Satish V. Kailas.

J. Tribol 140(4), 042301 (Mar 02, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1294; doi: 10.1115/1.4039162 History: Received July 27, 2017; Revised December 14, 2017

The nonprotective tribolayers of the titanium alloy were modified into additives-containing tribolayers through an artificial addition of multilayer graphene (MLG), Fe2O3 nanomaterials, or their mixtures with various proportions on the titanium alloy/steel sliding interface. The sustainability of the modified tribolayers under a high load was evaluated by the critical sliding distance for a mild-to-severe wear transition. The modified tribolayers were found to significantly improve or deteriorate tribological performance of the titanium alloy, which was decided by their ingredients. The pure MLG- or Fe2O3-containing tribolayers, because of their lacking load-bearing or lubricant capacity, presented poor sustainability and readily lost protection to cause high wear loss or frictional coefficient. However, for the addition of various mixtures of MLG and Fe2O3, the modified tribolayers possessed a double-layer structure consisting of friction-reducing MLG- and wear-resistant Fe2O3-predominated layers. They presented a sustainable protection, thus remarkably improving the tribological performance of the titanium alloy.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Characterization of the prepared MLG: (a) Raman spectrum, (b) SEM morphology, and (c) AFM image

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Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of sealing sliding device

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Fig. 3

Cross section morphology of tribolayers of TC11 alloy with no and various additives

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Fig. 4

(a) XRD patterns and (b) Raman spectra of worn surfaces of TC11 alloy with no and various additives

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Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of the black gap in cross section morphology

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Fig. 6

Wear loss of TC11 alloy as a function of sliding distance with no and various additives

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Fig. 7

Friction coefficient of TC11 alloy against GCr15 steel as a function of sliding distance with no and various additives

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Fig. 8

SEM morphology of worn surfaces of TC11 alloy with no and various additives

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Fig. 9

3D profile of worn surfaces of TC11 alloy with no and various additives

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Fig. 10

Comparison of critical sliding distance for various additives

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Fig. 11

Schematic diagram for the formation of double-layer tribolayer

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