0
Research Papers: Friction and Wear

System Dependence of Running-In Attractor Derived From Lubricated Sliding Contact of Steel Alloys 52100 and 1045

[+] Author and Article Information
Yuankai Zhou

School of Mechanical Engineering;
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of
Advanced Manufacturing for Marine
Mechanical Equipment,
Jiangsu University of Science and Technology,
Zhenjiang 212003, China;
School of Mechatronic Engineering,
China University of Mining and Technology,
Xuzhou 221116, China

Xue Zuo

School of Mechanical Engineering;
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of
Advanced Manufacturing for Marine
Mechanical Equipment,
Jiangsu University of Science and Technology,
Mengxi Road, Jingkou District,
Zhenjiang 212003, China
e-mail: zuoxue52871962@163.com

Hua Zhu

School of Mechatronic Engineering,
China University of Mining and Technology,
Xuzhou 221116, China

Yujie Fan

School of Mechanical Engineering;
Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of
Advanced Manufacturing for Marine
Mechanical Equipment,
Jiangsu University of Science and Technology,
Zhenjiang 212003, China

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received July 16, 2017; final manuscript received February 8, 2018; published online April 3, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Sinan Muftu.

J. Tribol 140(5), 051601 (Apr 03, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1280; doi: 10.1115/1.4039412 History: Received July 16, 2017; Revised February 08, 2018

The steady-state described by running-in attractor in the perspective of nonlinearity, is closely dependent on the running-in parameters. To study the dependence of running-in attractor on system parameters, pin-on-disk friction tests were performed. A suitable contact between pin and disk was ensured by a self-adaptive pin holder, standard block, and self-adapting amendment with sandpaper. Range analysis of correlation dimension, predictability, and entropy shows that running-in attractor is system dependent, which is manifested by the dependence of nonlinear parameters of the attractor on the running-in parameters. Further results indicate that the correlation dimension and entropy increase with load and velocity, but decrease along with initial roughness of a harder counterface, and predictability shows an inverse variation tendency with correlation dimension and entropy.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Xie, Y. B. , 2001, “ Three Axioms in Tribology,” Tribol., 21(3), pp. 161–166 (in Chinese).
Xie, Y. B. , 1999, “ On the Tribology Design,” Tribol. Int., 32(7), pp. 351–358. [CrossRef]
Frąś, T. , Rusinek, A. , Pęcherski, R. B. , Bernier, R. , and Jankowiak, T. , 2014, “ Analysis of Friction Influence on Material Deformation Under Biaxial Compression State,” Tribol. Int., 80, pp. 14–24. [CrossRef]
Podgursky, V. , Adoberg, E. , Surženkov, A. , Kimmari, E. , Viljus, M. , Hartelt, M. , Wasche, R. , Sima, M. , and Kulu, P. , 2011, “ Dependence of the Friction Coefficient on Roughness Parameters During Early Stage Fretting of (Al, Ti)N Coated Surfaces,” Wear, 271(5–6), pp. 853–858. [CrossRef]
Bucholz, E. W. , Kong, C. S. , Marchman, K. R. , Sawyer, W. G. , Phillpot, S. R. , Sinnott, S. B. , and Rajan, K. , 2012, “ Data-Driven Model for Estimation of Friction Coefficient Via Informatics Methods,” Tribol. Lett., 47(2), pp. 211–221. [CrossRef]
Rosenkranz, A. , Pangraz, J. C. , Gachot, C. , and Mucklich, F. , 2016, “ Load-Dependent Run-In and Wear Behaviour of Line-Like Surface Patterns Produced by Direct Laser Interference Patterning,” Wear, 368–369, pp. 350–357. [CrossRef]
Kumar, R. , Prakash, B. , and Sethuramiah, A. , 2002, “ A Systematic Methodology to Characterize the Running-In and Steady-State Wear Processes,” Wear, 252(5–6), pp. 445–453. [CrossRef]
Akbarzadeh, S. , and Khonsari, M. M. , 2011, “ Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Running-In,” Tribol. Int., 44(2), pp. 92–100. [CrossRef]
Wagner, J. J. , Jenson, A. D. , and Sundararajan, S. , 2017, “ The Effect of Contact Pressure and Surface Texture on Running-In Behavior of Case Carburized Steel Under Boundary Lubrication,” Wear, 376–377(Pt. A), pp. 851–857. [CrossRef]
Hanief, M. , and Wani, M. F. , 2016, “ Effect of Surface Roughness on Wear Rate During Running-In of En31-Steel: Model and Experimental Validation,” Mater. Lett., 176, pp. 91–93. [CrossRef]
Lu, W. L. , Zhang, G. P. , Liu, X. J. , Zhou, L. P. , Chen, L. Z. , and Jiang, X. Q. , 2014, “ Prediction of Surface Topography at the End of Sliding Running-In Wear Based on Areal Surface Parameters,” Tribol. Trans., 57(3), pp. 553–560. [CrossRef]
Blau, P. J. , 1989, Friction and Wear Transitions of Materials, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ.
Fox-Rabinovich, G. S. , Gershman, I. S. , Yamamoto, K. , Biksa, A. , Veldhuis, S. C. , Beake, B. D. , and Kovalev, A. I. , 2010, “ Self-Organization During Friction in Complex Surface Engineered Tribosystems,” Entropy, 12(12), pp. 275–288. [CrossRef]
Mortazavi, V. , Menezes, P. L. , and Nosonovsky, M. , 2011, “ Studies of Shannon Entropy Evolution Due to Self-Organization During the Running-In,” ASME Paper No. IJTC2011-61231.
Ding, C. , Zhu, H. , Sun, G. , Zhou, Y. K. , and Zuo, X. , 2017, “ Chaotic Characteristics and Attractor Evolution of Friction Noise During Friction Process,” Friction, 6(1), pp. 47–61. [CrossRef]
Zhou, Y. K. , Zhu, H. , Zuo, X. , Li, Y. , and Chen, N. X. , 2015, “ The Nonlinear Nature of Friction Coefficient in Lubricated Sliding Friction,” Tribol. Int., 88, pp. 8–16. [CrossRef]
Zhou, Y. K. , Zhu, H. , Zuo, X. , and Yang, J. H. , 2014, “ Chaotic Characteristics of Measured Temperatures During Sliding Friction,” Wear, 317(1–2), pp. 17–25. [CrossRef]
Zuo, X. , Zhu, H. , Zhou, Y. K. , and Ding, C. , 2015, “ Monofractal and Multifractal Behavior of Worn Surface in Brass-Steel Tribosystem Under Mixed Lubricated Condition,” Tribol. Int., 93(Pt. A), pp. 306–317.
Zhu, H. , Zuo, X. , and Zhou, Y. K. , 2016, “ Recurrence Evolvement of Brass Surface Profile in Lubricated Wear Process,” Wear, 352–353, pp. 9–17. [CrossRef]
Zhu, H. , Ge, S. R. , Lv, L. , and Lu, B. B. , 2008, “ Evolvement Rule of Running-in Attractor,” Chin. J. Mech. Eng., 44(03), pp. 99–104. [CrossRef]
Zhou, Y. K. , Zhu, H. , and Zuo, X. , 2016, “ The Behavior of Intrinsic Randomness and Dynamic Abrupt Changes of Friction Force Signal During the Friction Process,” ASME J. Tribol., 138(3), p. 031605. [CrossRef]
Galatolo, S. , 2003, “ Complexity, Initial Condition Sensitivity, Dimension and Weak Chaos in Dynamical Systems,” Nonlinearity, 16(4), pp. 12–19. [CrossRef]
Grassberger, P. , and Procaccia, I. , 1983, “ Characterization of Strange Attractors,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 50(5), pp. 346–349. [CrossRef]
Manuca, R. , and Savit, R. , 1996, “ Stationarity and Nonstationarity in Time Series Analysis,” Physica D, 99(2–3), pp. 134–161. [CrossRef]
Nosonovsky, M. , 2010, “ Entropy in Tribology: In the Search for Applications,” Entropy, 12(12), pp. 1345–1390. [CrossRef]
Blau, P. J. , 2005, “ On the Nature of Running-In,” Tribol. Int., 38(11–12), pp. 1007–1012. [CrossRef]
Zhou, Y. K. , Zhu, H. , and Zuo, X. , 2016, “ Dynamic Evolutionary Consistency Between Friction Force and Friction Temperature From the Perspective of Morphology and Structure of Phase Trajectory,” Tribol. Int., 94, pp. 606–615. [CrossRef]
Grassberger, P. , and Procaccia, I. , 1983, “ Estimation of the Kolmogorov Entropy From a Chaotic Signal,” Phys. Rev. A, 28(4), pp. 2591–2593. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Sandpapers of different grit sizes pasted on rings and disks: (a) sandpapers pasted on rings, which were used to polish disks and (b) sandpapers pasted on disks, which were used to polish pins

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Pin holder with self-adaptive function and impression of pins: (a) photo of self-adaptive pin holder, (b) assembly of self-adaptive pin holder, and (c) impression of pins on the pressure sensitive paper

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Friction force signals measured in each test: (a) test 3, test 4, test 10, and test 11, (b) test 1, test 12, test 14, and test 16, (c) test 2, test 6, test 7, and test 9, and (d) test 5, test 8, test 13, and test 15

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Formation process of running-in attractor in test 13: (a) measured friction signal and (b) evolvement of phase trajectory, the running-in attractor is plotted by a solid line

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Influence of system parameters on correlation dimension of running-in attractor: (a) Ra1 versus D, (b) Ra2 versus D, (c) P versus D, and (d) v versus D

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Original pin holder and impression of pins: (a) photo of original pin holder, (b) assembly of pin holder, and (c) impression of pins on the pressure sensitive paper

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Influence of system parameters on predictability of running-in attractor: (a) Ra1 versus S, (b) Ra2 versus S, (c) P versus S, and (d) v versus S

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Influence of system parameters on entropy of running-in attractor: (a) Ra1 versus K2, (b) Ra2 versus K2, (c) P versus K2, and (d) v versus K2

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In