Research Papers: Hydrodynamic Lubrication

Cavitation Bubble Dynamics Induced by Hydrodynamic Pressure Oil Film in Ultrasonic Vibration Honing

[+] Author and Article Information
Ce Guo

Shanxi Key Laboratory of Precision Machining,
Taiyuan University of Technology,
Taiyuan 030024, China;
Shanxi Key Laboratory of Advanced
Manufacturing Technology,
North University of China,
Taiyuan 030051, China

XiJing Zhu

Shanxi Key Laboratory of Advanced
Manufacturing Technology,
North University of China,
Taiyuan 030051, China

Jia Liu

Shanxi Key Laboratory of Precision Machining,
Taiyuan University of Technology,
Taiyuan 030024, China

Dan Zhang

The Second Research Institute of China
Electronics Technology Group Corporation,
Taiyuan 030024, China

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received July 27, 2017; final manuscript received January 31, 2018; published online March 30, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Joichi Sugimura.

J. Tribol 140(4), 041707 (Mar 30, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1295; doi: 10.1115/1.4039409 History: Received July 27, 2017; Revised January 31, 2018

During ultrasonic vibration honing (UVH), a thin hydrodynamic oil film formed can seriously affect the cavitation effect in the grinding fluid, but the mechanism is still unclear now. Based on the hydrodynamics theory, a revised cavitation bubble model with oil film pressure is developed, and it has been calculated by the four-order Runge–Kutta method. The calculation results show that the oil film pressure under UVH is a positive–negative alternant pulse pressure, and it can induce the secondary expansion of the bubble, leading to double microjets during the process of the bubble collapsing. The effects of ultrasonic amplitude, ultrasonic frequency, oil film height, and reciprocation speed of the honing stone on the bubble dynamics are discussed. With the increase of ultrasonic amplitude, the amplitude of the bubble expansion is increased, and the oscillation interval is extended. As increasing normalized oil film height, the variation of the bubble first expansion is slight, while the amplitude of the bubble secondary expansion is reduced and the oscillation interval is also shortened. The main effect of ultrasonic frequency and reciprocation speed of the honing stone on the bubble dynamics is connected with the secondary bubble expansion. The bubble secondary expansion is decreased with the increasing reciprocation speed of the honing stone, ultrasonic frequency, and oil film height. The results of the simulations are consistent with the surface roughness measurements well, which provides a theoretical prediction method of cavitation bubbles control.

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the work principle of UVH

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Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of single abrasive of the honing stone

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Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the hydrodynamic pressure oil film

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Fig. 4

Oil film pressure versus normalized oil film height and time

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Fig. 5

Normalized bubble radius versus time with or without oil film pressure

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Fig. 6

Velocity of the bubble wall versus time

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Fig. 7

Normalized bubble radius versus time at different ultrasonic amplitude

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Fig. 8

Normalized bubble radius versus time at different ultrasonic frequency

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Fig. 9

Normalized bubble radius versus time at different reciprocation speed of the honing stone

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Fig. 10

Normalized bubble radius versus time at different normalized oil film height

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Fig. 11

Experimental setup for UVH and CH

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Fig. 12

Relationship between surface roughness and cavitation parameters



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