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Research Papers: Friction and Wear

On Development and Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Microwave Processed Ni/Al2O3 Composite Clad

[+] Author and Article Information
Bhupinder Singh

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Thapar University,
Patiala 147004, Punjab, India
e-mail: rickybirring96@gmail.com

Sarbjeet Kaushal

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Thapar University,
Patiala 147004, Punjab, India
e-mail: sarbjeet.kaushal1988@gmail.com

Dheeraj Gupta

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Thapar University,
Patiala 147004, Punjab, India
e-mail: dheeraj.gupta@thapar.edu

Hiralal Bhowmick

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Thapar University,
Patiala 147004, Punjab, India
e-mail: hiralal.bhowmick@thapar.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received September 27, 2017; final manuscript received April 14, 2018; published online May 21, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Nuria Espallargas.

J. Tribol 140(6), 061603 (May 21, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: TRIB-17-1375; doi: 10.1115/1.4039996 History: Received September 27, 2017; Revised April 14, 2018

In the present experimental study, the application of microwave heating is used to develop the composite clads of Ni-based metallic powder (matrix) and Al2O3 powder (reinforcement) on the surface of AISI 304 stainless steel substrate. A domestic microwave oven working at 2.45 GHz frequency and 900 W was used to conduct the experimental trials. The Ni + 10% Al2O3 composite clads were characterized through X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and microhardness tests. The pin-on-disk type tribometer was used for analyzing the sliding wear behavior of Ni + 10% Al2O3 clads. The microstructural results revealed the presence of randomly dispersed Al2O3 particles inside Ni matrix. The average microhardness (Vicker's) of composite clad was enhanced by 3.5 times that of the substrate. The clad exhibited 156 times more wear resistance than AISI 304 substrate. Craters and groove formation were responsible for wear loss in the clad material while plastic deformation caused the failure of AISI 304 substrate.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

SEM morphology of raw cladding powder: (a) Ni-based EWAC, (c) Al2O3; XRD spectra of (b) Ni-based EWAC, and (d) Al2O3 powder

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Fig. 2

Schematic principle of MHH [7]

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Fig. 3

(a) Backscattered electron image showing transverse section of clad, substrate and interface and (b) BSE image of the enclosed clad region

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Fig. 4

(a) Energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis at point Y and (b) EDS analysis at point X corresponding to Fig. 3(b)

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Fig. 5

Typical XRD spectrum of microwave processed composite cladding

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Fig. 6

Cumulative weight loss versus sliding distances graphs at various sliding velocities for (a) SS-304 and (b) Ni + 10% Al2O3 composite clad at 2 kg normal load

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Fig. 7

Typical wear rate characteristics of (a) SS-304 and (b) Ni + 10% Al2O3 composite clad at 2 kg normal load

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Fig. 8

Weight loss comparison at the end of 2000 m, 0.5 m/s and 2 kg for different clads

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Fig. 9

SEM image of worn microwave clad samples at 2 kg load and sliding velocity of (a) 0.5 m/s debris, (b) 1 m/s, and (c) 1.5 m/s, at the end of 2000 m sliding distance

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Fig. 10

SEM image of worn SS-304 samples at 2 kg load and sliding velocity of (a) 0.5 m/s debris, (b) 1 m/s, and (c) 1.5 m/s, at the end of 2000 m sliding distance

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Fig. 11

(a) SEM image of wear debris and (b) EDS analysis of wear debris

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