0
Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Central Composite Experimental Design Applied to the Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Mg/Mica Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
M. John Iruthaya Raj

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Mar Ephraem College of Engineering
and Technology,
Malankara Hills,
Elavuvilai 629 171, Tamil Nadu, India
e-mail: mjohnir@gmail.com

K. Manisekar

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National Engineering College,
K.R. Nagar,
Kovilpatti 628 503, Tamil Nadu, India
e-mail: kmsekar1@rediffmail.com

Manoj Gupta

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National University of Singapore (NUS),
Singapore 117576
e-mail: mpegm@nus.edu.sg

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received February 17, 2018; final manuscript received July 28, 2018; published online August 24, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Nuria Espallargas.

J. Tribol 141(1), 011603 (Aug 24, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1072; doi: 10.1115/1.4041073 History: Received February 17, 2018; Revised July 28, 2018

A five-level four-factor central composite design multivariable model was constructed for the evaluation of the combined effect of operating parameters such as percentage reinforcement (0–10%), load (5–25 N), sliding speed (1–5 m/s), sliding distance (500–2500 m) on the wear rate of mica reinforced metal matrix composites. The microwave-assisted powder metallurgy technique was used to fabricate the composites. The wear tests were performed according to statistical designs to develop an empirical predictive regression model. The interaction of percentage reinforcement and sliding distance indicated the significant impact on wear rate. The statistical analysis confirms the optimum composition of mica blends leading to the best possible wear rate. No rapid wear region was identifiable in the morphology of worn composite surfaces.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Lindsay, B. , Ryan, G. , and Bill, V. , 2016, “ Lightweighting: What's Next?,” Mobility Eng., 3(4), pp. 41–45.
William, J. J. , and Krajewski, P. E. , 2017, “ Towards Magnesium Alloys for High-Volume Automotive Applications,” Scr. Mater., 128, pp. 107–112. [CrossRef]
Stéphane, G. , Wolfgang, B. , and Dirk, S. , 2007, “ Yielding of Magnesium From Single Crystal to Polycrystalline Aggregates,” Int. J. Plast., 23(12), pp. 1957–1978. [CrossRef]
Glover, A. S. , Rogers, W. Z. , and Barton, J. E. , 2012, “ Granitic Pegmatites: Storehouses of Industrial Minerals,” Elements, 8(4), pp. 269–273. [CrossRef]
Deonath , Biswas, S. K. , and Rohatgi, P. K. , 1980, “ Wear Characteristics and Bearing Performance of Aluminium-Mica Particulate Composite Material,” Wear, 60(1), pp. 61–73. [CrossRef]
Rajmohan, T. , Palanikumar, K. , and Ranganathan, S. , 2013, “ Evaluation of Mechanical and Wear Properties of Hybrid Aluminium Matrix Composites,” Trans. Nonferrous Mater. Soc. China., 23(9), pp. 2509–2517. [CrossRef]
Deo, N. , Bhat, R. T. , and Rohatgi, P. K. , 1980, “ Preparation of Cast Aluminium Alloy-Mica Particle Composites,” J. Mater. Sci., 15, pp. 1241–1251. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800048462
Lim, C. Y. H. , Leo, D. K. , Ang, J. J. S. , and Gupta, M. , 2005, “ Wear of Magnesium Composites Reinforced With Nano-Sized Alumina Particulates,” Wear, 259(1–6), pp. 620–625. [CrossRef]
Fida Hassan, S. , Al-Qutub, A. M. , Tun, K. S. , and Gupta, M. , 2015, “ Study of Wear Mechanisms of a Novel Magnesium Based Hybrid Nanocomposite,” ASME J. Tribol., 137(1), p. 011601. [CrossRef]
Selvam, B. , Marimuthu, P. , Narayanasamy, R. , Anandakrishnan, V. , Tun, K. S. , Gupta, M. , and Kamaraj, M. , 2014, “ Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Zinc Oxide Reinforced Magnesium Matrix Nano-Composites,” Mater. Des., 58, pp. 475–481. [CrossRef]
Spuzic, S. , Zec, M. , Abhary, K. , Ghomashchi, R. , and Reid, I. , 1997, “ Fractional Design of Experiments Applied to a Wear Simulation,” Wear, 212(1), pp. 131–139. [CrossRef]
Sakip, K. , Ferit, F. , Ramazan, K. , and Omer, S. , 2012, “ Experimental Optimization of Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of in Situ AlB2/Al Composite Based on Taguchi's Method,” Mater. Des., 42, pp. 124–130. [CrossRef]
Sahin, Y. , 2005, “ The Prediction of Wear Resistance Model for the Metal Matrix Composites,” Wear, 258(11–12), pp. 1717–1722. [CrossRef]
Montgomery, D. C. , 2017, Design and Analysis of Experiments, Wiley, New York.
Thompson, D. , 1982, “ Response Surface Experimentation1,” J. Food Process. Preserv., 6(3), pp. 155–188. [CrossRef]
Gupta, M. , and Wong, W. L. E. , 2015, “ Magnesium-Based Nanocomposites, Lightweight Materials of the Future,” Mater. Charact., 105, pp. 30–46. [CrossRef]
Gupta, M. , and Nai Mui Ling, S. , 2011, Magnesium Alloys, and Magnesium Composites, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Tedeschi, L. O. , 2006, “ Assessment of the Adequacy of Mathematical Models,” Agric. Syst., 89(2–3), pp. 225–247. [CrossRef]
Li, C. X. , and Bell, T. , 2004, “ Sliding Wear Properties of Active Screen Plasma Nitride 316 Austenitic Stainless Steel,” Wear, 256(11–12), pp. 1144–1152. [CrossRef]
Wilson, S. , and Alpas, A. T. , 1997, “ Wear Mechanism Maps for Metal Matrix Composites,” Wear, 212(1), pp. 41–49. [CrossRef]
Föhl, J. , Weissenberg, T. , and Wiedemeyer, J. , 1989, “ General Aspects for Tribological Applications of Hard Particle Coatings,” Wear, 130(2), pp. 275–288. [CrossRef]
Habibnejad-Korayem, M. , Mahmudi, R. , Ghasemia, H. M. , and Poole, W. J. , 2010, “ Tribological Behavior of Pure Mg and AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Strengthened by Al2O3 Nano-Particles,” Wear, 268(3–4), pp. 405–412. [CrossRef]
Jiju, A. , 2003, Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists, Elsevier Ltd., Burlington, MA.
Deonath, Rohatgi, P. K. , 1981, “ Cast Aluminium Alloy Composites Containing Copper-Coated Round Mica Particles,” J. Mater. Sci., 16(1), pp. 1599–1606.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

SEM/EDS images of the mica powder

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Main effects plot for wear of Mg–mica composites

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Correlation graph between the predicted and experimental wear rate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Pareto chart of the standardized effects

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Residual plots for wear rate of Mg–mica composites

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Response surface plots showing the effect of any two variables on wear rate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

SEM images of the worn surfaces from a test performed at 2500 m sliding distance (a), (b), (c), and (d). SEM/EDS images of wear debris (e) and (f).

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In