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Research Papers: Friction and Wear

Effect of Rolling Strain on the Mechanical and Tribological Properties of 316 L Stainless Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
Wenbo Qin

School of Egineering and Technology,
China University of Geosciences (Beijing),
Beijing 100083, China

Jiansheng Li, Qingzhong Mao

Nano and Heterogeneous Materials Center,
School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Nanjing University of Science and Technology,
Nanjing 210094, China

Yaoyao Liu

School of Engineering and Technology,
China University of Geosciences (Beijing),
Beijing 100083, China

Wen Yue

School of Engineering and Technology;
National International Joint Research Center of
Deep Geodrilling Equipment,
China University of Geosciences (Beijing),
Beijing 100083, China
e-mails: cugbyw@163.com;
yw@cugb.edu.cn

Chengbiao Wang

School of Engineering and Technology;
National International Joint Research Center of
Deep Geodrilling Equipment,
China University of Geosciences (Beijing),
Beijing 100083, China

Yusheng Li

Nano and Heterogeneous Materials Center,
School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Nanjing University of Science and Technology,
Nanjing 210094, China
e-mail: liyusheng@njust.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received May 21, 2018; final manuscript received August 8, 2018; published online October 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Longqiu Li.

J. Tribol 141(2), 021606 (Oct 16, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: TRIB-18-1196; doi: 10.1115/1.4041214 History: Received May 21, 2018; Revised August 08, 2018

The mechanical and tribological performances of 316 L stainless steel subjected to different cold rolling (CR) strains were investigated. The microhardness and strength of 316 L stainless steel were improved attributed to the formation of high-density defects, such as dislocations and parallel lamellar structures. Furthermore, the tribology tests were conducted under dry sliding at room temperature. With the increase in rolling strain, the wear rate of 316 L stainless steel gradually decreased due to the improvements in microhardness and strength. For the as-received specimen, the strong adhesive wear leads to the maximum wear rate compared with the cold rolled specimens. Under higher rolling strain conditions, the grain boundary embrittlement caused by oxygen reaction leads to the formation of oxidative abrasive under dry sliding conditions, and then the oxidative abrasive could serve as the third body at the siding interface. Consequently, there is a transition phase where the wear mechanism gradually shifts from adhesive to abrasive wear.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

The polished surface topography of 316 L stainless steel subjected to various rolling reduction: (a) two-dimensional morphology and (b) three-dimensional morphology

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Fig. 2

(a)–(d) are the cross-sectional metallographic structures, insets (b1)–(d1) are the typical cross-sectional TEM images of the 316 L stainless steels with different strain. RD: rolling direction.

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Fig. 3

X-ray diffraction patterns of 316 L stainless steels at various rolling strains (γ is the austenite phase, α is the martensite phase)

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Fig. 4

Variation of microhardness as function of the rolling strain

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Fig. 5

(a) is the engineering stress-engineering strain curves of 316 L stainless steels with various rolling strains, (b) is the corresponding relationships between the strength and ductility of the CR 316 L stainless steels in (a), where the UTS, FE, YS, and UE refer to ultimate tensile strength, elongation-to-failure, yield strength, and uniform elongation, respectively

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Fig. 6

The friction coefficients versus time of 316 L stainless steel subject to various rolling stains

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Fig. 7

(a)–(d) are three-dimensional morphologies of wear tracks, (e) is the cross section of wear tracks, and (f) is the comparison of wear rates

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Fig. 8

Scanning electron microscope and EDS measurements of worn surfaces, (a)–(d) are the SEM morphologies of wear tracks, inset (a1)–(d1) are the SEM morphologies of wear scars. (e) and (f) are the statistical results of atomic percentage. Dots A, B, C and D show the detecting position of point spectrum.

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Fig. 9

Scanning electron microscope morphologies and statistical results of atomic percentage of wear debris

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Fig. 10

Schematic description of the wear mechanism evolution of 316 L stainless steel subjected to various rolling strain sliding against GCr15 spheres

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